This Gospel which is a describing of our Lord's Ministry on Earth was written of the apostle John. He John was the apostle from which we also read in Galatians 2 verse 9: And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the Grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen and they unto the circumcision. This is the definitive agreement Paul made with James, Cephas and John. Cephas is Peter. John describes in this Gospel Jesus Christ as the Son of God. In this light John describes Him!
We have the Prologue
Chapter One : Verse 1-18
The Word became flesh
I PUBLIC MINISTRY OF JESUS TO THE JEWS
Chapter 1 verse 19 until Chapter 13
First signs witness and contacts Chapter 1 19 till chapter 5
Further signs witness and conflicts chapter 5 till chapter 11
Final sign witness and cleavage chapter 11 till chapter 13
II PRIVATE MINISTRY OF JESUS TO HIS OWN
Chapter 13 until chapter 19
Presage of His own departure Chapter 13 till chapter 14 verse 16
Promise of the coming Spirit Chapter 14 verse 16 till chapter 17
Prayer for them to God the Father Chapter 17
III PASCHAL CLIMAX: TRAGEDY AND TRIUMPH
Chapter 18 till end chapter 20
Apprehension and prosecution Chapter 18 till chapter 19 verse 16
Crucifixion and entombment chapter 19 16-42
Resurrection and reappearance chapter 20 1-31
Epilogue chapter 21: Till I come
The Gospel according to the apostle John
Chapter I verse 1
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God
and the Word was God
Verse 1: In the beginning was the Word. At the very first time the Word was there. In Genesis 1 verse 1 we read: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth" God, Elohim, Father, Son and Holy Spirit in One God were in the beginning. The Word was with God. This speaks about God the Son and thre est too: The Word was God. In Hebrews 1 verse 8 we read: "But unto the Son He saith, Thy throne, O God is for ever and ever; a sceptre of righteousness is the scheptre of Thy Kingdom" You see here my brothers and sisters: God the Father saith to His Son God. In Ephesians 3 verse 9 we read: And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, Who created all things by Jesus Christ . And in Colossians 1:16 we read: "For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers, all things were created by Him, and for Him" God the Father and His Son are One and also the Holy Spirit. God is a Trinity. The Word was God. Jesus Christ was and is God Himself. He was and is God in the flesh like men without sin and the purpose was to die for sinners and that happened on the cross my dear brothers and sisters. He died for you and me there on Calvary. He Just for us unjust, He without sin for us sinners. He paid the price with His own life for us. Think about this! I Corinthians 15:3-4, Romans 5:6-8. He came into this world to save sinners like you and me I Timothy 1:15
Chapter 1 verse 2
The same was in the beginning with God
Verse 2: The Word was with God and the Word was God. God was in the beginning. He was before the world. He created everything through our Lord Jesus Christ His Son. God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit/Ghost. God is Trinity. God is eternal! He lives from eternity to eternity. He exists always. He lives forever and ever. Everything He has created. Nothing is invisible for Him.
Chapter 1 verse 3
All things were made by Him; and without Him was not
anything made that was made
Verse 3: What we have seen in verse 1 already my dear brothers and sisters is this that all thing were made by Him. Not anything was not made by Him. He created everything. He created the heaven and the earth. That was first what God created! He created all things by Jesus Christ! Ephesians 3:9. Without Him, that is Jesus Christ was not anything made that was made. This is very special! The whole Universum, all the planets inclusive the Earth to live on because planet Earth is the lively planet. On the Earth there is life possible. It is the only planet in the whole Universum where life is possible!!! Think about this!
Chapter 1 verse 4
In Him was life, and the life was the light of men
Verse 4: Who is Him in this verse. Well this verse continues where verse 3 ended. Him is our Lord Jesus Christ. In Him was life. “In Him was life” (John 1:4), speaking of Christ after He came to earth, and referring to eternal life. While we too have eternal life in us, we just have it, while the Lord could give it (ICor.15:45) But what does it mean when John says that the life that was in the Lord “was the light of men” (John 1:4)? Well, in John 8:12, the Lord said that “he that followeth Me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.” But what kind of light does eternal life give, and what kind of darkness were you in before you got it? Well, in John 12:35 the Lord said, “he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth,” and if you don’t have eternal life, you don’t know where you are going after you die. What’s the solution? In John 12:46, the Lord said, “whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.”
When our Lord Jesus Christ was on earth He said these words in John 14 verse 16 the following words: Jesus saith unto him Thomas, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me" This is eternal life my dear brothers and sisters. What applied to Thomas now also applies to us my dear brothers and sisters. No man cometh unto the Father but by me Jesus Christ. He is the Way, the Truth and the Life. No doubt about that. In John 3 verse 16 we read: For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life" Oh another beautiful verse we can read my dear brothers and sisters in Romans 6 verse 23: For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord" In Him was and is life, everlasting life!!! That life was the light of men! Jesus Christ is the Son of man and He is God in the flesh! In I Timothy 6 verse 16 we read about our God the following verse: "Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see, tho whom be honour and power everlasting Amen" “In Him was life” (John 1:4), speaking of Christ after He came to earth, and referring to eternal life. While we too have eternal life in us, we just have it, while the Lord could give it (ICor.15:45)
If you are not saved my dear friend you are in darkness, but you don’t have to abide there! There is Good News: Trust Christ as your Savior right now and thou shall be saved forever and have also eternal life Acts 16:31.
Chapter 1 verse 5
And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not
Verse 5: My dear brothers and sisters: Light shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehended it not” What does that mean? Some of the people in Israel comprehended it but this is referring to the whole nation Israel. Why didn't they comprehend it? Well they were looking to a different Savior because Christ was in their eyes not the Savior they were looking for. They thought that He came to them to save them from their enemies and in the time of Jesus Christ on earth that were the Romans. God saved Israel many times from their enemies like the Egyptians when God parted the Red Sea for them, “He saved them.” They didn't know that first He came to save them from their sins and after that He would come as King to reign over them 1000 years. That’s why He preached “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Mt.4:17), just as John had (3:2). And so all Israel came to John “confessing their sins” (Mt.3:5,6). How would this help? Leviticus 26:38-42 stated that they could be saved from their enemies by confessing their sins and getting forgiveness (I Kings 8:33,34). But whole Israel didn't comprehend it. Litteral it means laid not hold of it.
Chapter 1 verse 6
There was a man sent from God, whose name was John
Verse 6: Now the apostle John is speaking about someone else who was send by God. His name was John or John the Baptist. People began to ask him when he preached in the wilderness and near the river Jordan who he was. They thought he was Elias but he said no and in verse 23 he said to them: "I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias. He John bare witness of Him and cried saying. This was He of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for He was before me verse 15. Send by God to make straight the way of the Lord. That was his task or ministry. Malachi also predicted that John would come and “prepare the way” before the Lord (3:1), and calls him “Elijah” (4:5 ,6). Elijah and John were similar. Elijah was hairy and wore a leather girdle (IIKi.1:8), John wore camel’s hair and a leather girdle (Mt.3:4). They both stood for a wicked king. Elijah stood for Ahab and John for king Herod. Elijah called fire down on God’s enemies We read that in IIKings 1:9-12, and John predicted the Lord would baptize His enem-ies with fire. This we can read in Matthew.3:11. Elijah went before a type of Christ named Elisha, and John went before Christ.
But Israel didn’t receive it what John said to them, so John wasn’t Elijah.
Was Malachi wrong in saying Elijah would come before the Lord (4:5)? No, not at all for John was sent “in the spirit and power of Elijah” (Lu.1:13-17). So Israel has no excuse for rejecting Christ!
Chapter 1 verse 7
The same came from a witness to bear witness of the Light, that
all men through Him might believe
Verse 7 What people need someone to bear witness of the Light here in this verse? Who does not know what light is? The answer for that is blind people! Israel was spiritually blind my dear brothers and sisters and John came for a witness to bear witness of the Light. That Light was and is Jesus Christ! So that they might believe. Believe is 100 times mentioned in the Gospel according to John. Believing in Christ we see in the Gospel according to John means believing that He is the Christ. John never spoke to the people that Christ died for our sins, was buried and rose from the grave the third day according the Scriptures I Corinthians 15:3-4. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved. No this was not revealed at that time John lived and wrote to the Jews. It was not made known to people. It was at that time hid by God. So they must in that time believe in His Name and that He was the Christ!
Chapter 1 verse 8
He was not the Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light
Verse 8: The apostle John is talking about John the Baptist my dear brothers and sisters: he, that is John the Baptistwas not the Light. In verse 15 of this same chapter 1 we read: "And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet" Indeed John the Baptist was the one, send by God to bear witness of that Light and the Light is Christ. In Acts 19 verse 4 we read: "Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance saying unto the people, that they should believe on Him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. Just as every groom has a “friend” who is a “witness” at the wedding, so our Lord Jesus Christ on earth had John the Baptist to “bear witness of that Light”
Chapter 1 verse 9
That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into
Verse 9: The apostle John is speaking here again about Jesus Christ, the Son of God Who was the true Light that came into the world. The world here means kosmos= world of men, humanity. John called our Lord Jesus Christ “the true Light” (1:9)! John he was warning the believeing Jews that there will be in the future with the Tribulation a false light! That is the Antichrist and he will claim to be Israel’s true light. But Tribulation saints Jews, will “know Him Jesus Christ that He is the true LIght” (I John 5:20). We know brothers and sisters that Jesus Christ came into this world to save sinners like you and me I Timothy 1:15 tells us: This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation , that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief" Here Christ is the true Light and lighteth every man and He came into this world world of men, humanity. We know and believe now under the Dispensation of Grace my dear brothers and sisters the purpose of His coming to this world: to save us sinners!
Chapter 1 verse 10
He was in the world, and the world was made by Him,
and the world knew Him not
Verse 10: He, Christ was in the world or kosmos is world of men. He was among them! The four gospels tells us about it. By Him the world was made. Again Colossians 1:16 we read: "For by Him were all things created, taht are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him" For His glory everything was made or created and also the world, the kosmos, the humanity was made by Him. And the world knew Him not. Men knew Him not. They didn't know Him. Now comes the question: Do you know Him, do you know Him as your personal Savior my dear reader? This verse is speaking of the past. We live now and under a different Dispensation namely the Dispensation of Gods Grace Ephesians 3:1-3. Men can know God through His Word Romans 10:17
Chapter 1 verse 11
He came unto His own, and His
own received Him not
Verse 11: Christ came unto His own. Who were His own. Answer: His own people! Who were His own people? The Lord’s “own” (John 1:11) refers to His own people, Israel. Let us read it in Romans 9: 4 and 5: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving ot the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, Who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. They didn't receive Him because they thought that He came in the first place to save them from their enemies. They didn''t know or understand that He had to die first for the people and later would come as King and save them from their enemies. So they didn't believe in Him. While the nation as a whole didn’t receive Him, some individuals did.
Chapter 1 verse 12
But as many as received Him, to them gave He power
to become the sons of God, even to them
that believe on His Name
Verse 12: According to verse 11 the nation as a whole didn't receive Him but many as received Him to them individuals He gave power. Power is authority He give to them that received Him and to become sons of God. And even to them that believe on His Name. Thus men who believed on Him became His children, but were not yet sons. What’s the difference?
Well, a child is like a servant (Gal. 4:1,2), in that both get told what to do. The children of Israel were driven by the law, but in the kingdom they’ll be led by the Spirit. They only must believe in His Name. Now we are sons and daughters of God and we are led by God's Spirit Romans 8:14. We received God's Spirit when we get saved Ephesians 1:13-14 and we are sealed with that Spirit. Israel has to wait for the future this to become the sons of God. At Pentecost in Acts 2 you have a foretaste of this Kingdom. Those who believed on the Lord “were born” (John 1:13), with other words : born again.
Chapter 1 verse 13
Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,
nor of the will of man, but of God
Verse 13: Born of God and that means here that someone who is born of God cannot sin anymore. He or she is under control by the Holy Spirit so he or she cannot sin like the people at Pentecost did nothing wrong and were born of God. At Pentecost you see a foretaste of this. This will be in the future when the Kingdom will be here on earth and Christ as King a 1000 year. Under this Dispensation of Grace we as members of the Body of Christ can sin. We have to be filled by God's Spirit everyday and that is complete different. We have to do with our flesh and our own will, the will of man, our own old nature and we can choose my dear brothers and sisters: we can serve the Lord instead to serve our flesh. We can do His will and choose to listen to His Word through His Spirit. Read for yourselves my brothers and sisters Romans 8:13
Chapter 1 verse 14
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us,
and we beheld His glory, the glory as for the only
begotten of the Father, full of Grace and Truth
Verse 14: Jesus Christ was made flesh. He dwelt among the people of Israel and they saw His Glory, the glory as for the only begotten Son of the Father, full of Grace and Truth. God in the flesh through Jesus Christ His only begotten Son. How wonderful this was and is. He became Man to save men from all eternity. He paid the price on that cross on Calvary and this was for us my dear brothers and sisters. He came to His own, the people of Israel. He dwelt among them and people in Israel could see His glory and Grace and Truth. In Hebrews 2 verse 9 we read: "But we see Jesus, Who was made a little lower thatn the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the Grace of God should taste death for every man" That was the purpose why He came and we know it now because we have the whole Bible. Israel didn't see it and rejected Him with the Gentiles. They crucified Him with the Romans. He rose from the grave and is alive my dear brothers and sisters and in Him there is eternal life!!! Romans 3:23 and 24
Chapter 1 verse 15
John bare witness of Him, and cried saying
This was He of Whom I spake, He that
cometh after me is preferred before me:
for He was before me
Verse 15: John the Baptist was sent to bear witness of that Light and the Light was Christ and Him. He cried to the people and said that the One Who came after him was before John. From all eternityGod has always existed and will always exist. God the Father, The Son and the Holy Spirit is a Trinity. God the Son Jesus Christ existed before John. The purpose of His coming was to save sinners we know now because we can find that in I Timothy 1:15. Sinners like you and me. In the time when our Lord was on earth people didn't know that. God's truth about this was not yet revealed to men in that time. Through the epistles of the apostle Paul we see the truth and purpose of His first coming to this earth and as believers, members of His Body, the Church we can more appreciate this and be thankful for it!!!
Chapter 1 verse 16
And of His fulness have all we received, and Grace for Grace
Verse 16: These are the words of John the apostle and noot of John the Baptist. carrying on his account of Christ, after he had inserted the testimony of the Baptist, in connection with ( John 1:14) where he is said to be full of grace and truth; and which fulness is here intended; for the fulness of the Godhead. Grace for Grace. It means His Glory was full and the people of Israel John is speaking to have all received this fulness of the Godhead trough God's Grace for Grace.
Chapter 1 verse 17
For the law was given by Moses, but Grace and Truth came
by Jesus Christ
Verse 17: The law was given by Moses. Moses got the whole Law from God. The law was not given at the time of his birth. Nor 40 years later when Moses fled from Pharaoh but much later at Mount Sinai. There he received the Law from God's hands. Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ we know but not at His birth. Even not when He died on the cross and rose again. After his ascension that Jesus Christ committed this to the apostle Paul to give it out, to dispense. Read Ephesians 3: 1-4. The law was given by Moses and the Gospel of Gods Grace and His Truth was committed by the glorified Lord to Paul . With Moses strict obedience was commanded. Read Deuteronomy 4:26: I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed" The folk Israel. was disobedient and so they couldn't enter the land Canaan. How different is the Gospel of Gods Grace my dear brothers and sisters. Salvation is a free gift Romans 3:25. The Law was the Ministration of death II Corinthians 3:7 and the ministration of condemnation II Corinthians 3:9. My brother and sisters: we live under God's Grace and not under God's Law. Christ hath redeemed us form the curse of the Law, being made a curse for us" Galatians 3:13
Chapter 1 verse 18
No man hath seen God at any time;
the only begotten Son , Which is in the bosom
of the Father, He hath declared Him
Verse 18: This is a general truth my dear brothers and sisters: no man hath seen God. I Timothy 6 verse 15 and 16 tells us the following: "Which in His times He shall shew, who is the blessed an only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting Amen. Yes we cannot see God how He is. No man hath seen God at any time” (John 1:18) because no man can see Him and live. In Exodus 33 verse 20 we read: And He said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live" We know whom He is and what He has done for us through His Son Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ His only begotten Son Who is in the bosom of the Father Hath declared Him. The bosom was the place of the most intimate relationship imaginable, and that is what John is telling us here in this verse Christ has with the Father.
Christ was and is God in the flesh. So people could recognize that Christ was not such a man like they were as Israel in that time. He was in the likeness of men: He was 100% Man and 100% God without sin. We cannot imagine what this is without sin and He declared God the Father!
Chapter 1 verse 19
And this is the record of John , when the Jews
sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to
ask him, Who art thou?
Verse 19 This is the record of John: John is using official language because a King is being introduced! Israel will never be able to say they didn’t recognize their King because He wasn’t given a proper introduction. The Jewish authorities send priests and levites from Jerusalem to ask John the Baptist who he is. They didn't really not know who he was. In Luke 3:15 we read: And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not" It was for them the folk of Israel strange to see such a man near the Jordan river and preaching the baptism of repentace for the remission of sins. In the time John the Baptist came into all the country about Jordan two high priests were in Israel Annas and Caiaphas. Read Luke 3: 2 and 3!
Chapters 1 : 20
And he confessed and denied not but confessed, I am not the Christ
Verse 20: My brothers and sisters in Christ. John the apostle is speaking about John the Baptist. He confessed and didnt lie. That is important what we see here. They the Jews of Jeruzalem the Levites and priests thought that he John was the Christ but he John the Baptist said he was not Christ. No he was send by God as the forerunner of Christ. That he was my brothers and sisters. Read also verse 30 of this first Chapter.
And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias. And he said
I am not. Art thou that prophet? An he answered No.
Verse 21:The Levites and priest from Jerusalem kept asking because they wanted to know who John was. They were not satisfied with the answer that he said I am not the Christ. They really wanted to know who he was. Was this to know only because of curiosity or were they really interested in him and what he preached to the people in the wilderness near the river Jordan. No my opinion is that they were not really interested in him because of the fact that they asked him later in verse 25 why he baptized people if he was not the Christ or Elias and neither that prophet was. It was only because of curiosity. Art thou Elias. He said honestly to them that he was not Elias and not that prophet what they thought he was. He say them the truth later in the chapter who he was. That Prophet comes from Deuteronomy 18 verse 15 where we read: The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me: unto Him ye shall hearken" That Prophet with a big P is our Lord Jesus Christ.
Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give
an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself?
Verse 22: The levites and priests who were send from Jerusalem asked again John the Baptist: who art thou? Because that was their task to tell the authorities in Jerusalem who he was: that they could give an answer to them that send them. An then in the end what sayest thou of thyself. What you can see here is that more or less they forced him to say who he was. It was important for the authorities to know who he was. The authorities were the Pharisees. A religious group in Israel at the time when Jesus Christ was on earth. The Pharisees believed in resurrection and angels. Read Acts 23:8!
The apostle Paul originally before his conversion was also a Pharisee. Listen to his words: But when Paul received that the one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council. Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question Acts 23:6
He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness,
Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the
Verse 23: This verse let us see the words of Esaias: For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet esaias, saying
The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make His paths straight Matthew 3:3 Esaias 40: 1-5. John was the voice of one crying and to prepare the way fo the Lord. Make straight in the desert a highway for our God" The purpose of John the Baptist was to receive the Messiah! The folk Israel was in need of repentance and cleansing from sin Read Matthew 3:2; 4:17,23! John preached “the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins” (Mark 1:4; Luke 3:3). Therefore, came Jerusalem and all Judea to John “and were baptized by him in Jordan, confessing their sins” Matthew 3:5,6). So to prepare Israel for their Messiah and entrance into the promised Kingdom, this purifying and cleansing ceremony of the Mosaic Law became especially important!
And they which were sent were of the Pharisees
Verse 24: To explain again. The ones who were send from Jerusalem were send by the authorities of the Pharisees propably the High Priest at Jerusalem. They had the assignment to find out whom this man John was and than to turn to Jerusalem to tell the leaders of Jerusalem whom he was. They came not in the first place to be baptized by Him because they didn't believe and had no sorrow about their sins. In Matthew we can see and read what John the Baptist said unto them there: But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come unto his baptism, he said unto them. O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance. And think not say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham" Matthew 3: 7-9
And they asked him, and said unto him,
Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that
Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?
Verse 25: From this verse we can conclude that they really didn't know why John was baptizing people with water if he was not Christ or Elias or that prophet after he explained who he was. We know that water baptism was nothing new for the folk Israel since they did not ask John what he was doing (John 1:25). The many Old Testament ceremonial washings of the Jews were baptisms. And we’ve already seen “why” he baptized: to identify Israel as God’s priests to the world (Ex.19:6; 29:4). That was it but those from the Pharisees didn't understand it. You see the blindness of them, spiritual blindness. They were religious and believed in the Law of Moses and in the works to do. They brought no fruits meet for repentance. It was a generation of vipers. They were hypocrites. That brings religion with him.
John answered them, saying, I baptize
with water: but there standeth One
among you, Whom ye know not
Verse 26:John the Baptist answered them , the Jews, again and said unto them: I baptize with water. In Luke 3 verse 16 we read a similar verse: "John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but One mightier than I cometh, the latchet of Whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire" At the time John told them the One and that is Jesus Christ was among them" He was already in the world but the world didn't know who He was and also the Israelites,Jews didn't know Him. They didn't know that He was their Messiah. Today under this Dispensation of Grace under which we live, a lot of people in this world doesn't know who He is. He is the Savior of this world! Now Christ is in heaven on the right Hand of God. He sits there and He is still rejected by this world. He loves you my dear reader and want
to save you if you have not accepted Him as your Savior. He gave His life for you, yes for you and me He gave His life on Calvary. Don't put off until tomorrow because tomorrow can be to late. Recognize that you are a sinner and that the Lord Jesus Christ died for your sins and that He died to save sinners like you and me. Romans 5:12, Romans 5: 6 and 8, I Corinthians 15:3 and 4. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved Acts 16: 31
Chapter 1 verse 27
He is it, Who coming after me is preferred before me,
whose shoe's latchet i am not worthy to unloose
Verse 27: John the Baptist here in this verse is speaking about our Lord Jesus Christ who will come after him, John. Our Lord Jesus Christ was before John the Baptist. God lives from eternity to eternity. Christ is God in the Flesh. He is the Son of God. He was before the world began. Through Him everything is created by God. John the Baptist was the greatest man ever born (Mt.11:11), and so if he wasn’t fit to untie the Lord’s shoe (John 1:27), neither are we my brothers and sisters. If you are not saved, you need to trust Christ as personal Savior Acts 16:31. He is worthy and we are unworthy. God loved us that's why Christ came to earth to die for sinners like you and me and to give us eternal life my dear brothers and sisters. I Timothy 1:15, I Corinthians 15:3-4.
Chapter 1 verse 28
These things were done in Bethabara beyond
Jordan where John was baptizing
verse 28 : What John said to the Pharisees and what he did: baptizing people was done in Bethabara beyond the river Jordan. All things happened there what we have seen in the verses before this vers. It was in the wilderness and John baptized the people of Jerusalem and Judea.“Bethabara” means “house of passage,” because Israel had to pass over the river Jordan to enter the Promised Land. Exactly the same place John baptized people there with water. Passing over the river Jordan symbolized death, passing into the next life. John baptized in Bethabara, for baptism was required for salvation (Mark 1:4; 16:16; Acts 2:38), otherwise people couldn’t pass over into eternal life without waterbaptism! They came to him to be baptized and confessing their sins near the river Jordan. The baptism with water was for the forgiveness of sins.
Chapter 1 verse 29
The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him,
and saith Behold the Lamb of God, which
taketh away the sin of the world
Verse 29: John the Baptist saw the next day Jesus coming unto him. In Matthew 3 verse 13-17 we read the following verse: Then cometh jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John to be baptized of him. But John forbad Him, sayng I have need to be baptized of thee and comest thou to me? And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness.Then he suffered Him. And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and , lo , the heavens were opened unto Him, and he saw the Spirit of God, descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him: and lo a voice from heaven saying, this is my beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased. This is what happened when John saw Jesus coming unto him and here in this verse he said Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. On what manner the Lord Jesus taketh away the sin of the world that's not told here. This was not revealed to men. They knew only that He was the One Who taketh away the sin of the world. This was His purpose first to taketh the sin of the world. First He had to die for this world, for the folk Israel and later to come back and begin the Kingdom as King and reign as King 1000 years. That was and is the plan for Israel. The people of Israel didn't understand this. They thought He was coming only to save them from their enemies the Romans. They didn't understand that first He had to die on the cross. That's why they rejected Him together with the Romans and later they crucified Him on the cross on Calvary. This was the most cruel death ever. In the epistles of the apostle Paul we know now why our Lord died on that cross on Calvary. In I Timothy 1:15 we read: "This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners" Yes Jesus Christ is the perfect Lamb of God Who died for you an me. Animals blood couldn't take away sin of men. But Jesus Christ His blood is for the forgiveness of sins. Yes He died for you and me on that cross on Calvary because we are sinners my dear brothers and sisters. He took all our sins in His body on that cross on Calvary and paid the full prize for us there. If you don't believe in Him yet why not to believe in Him? Why not believe that He died for you too on that cruel cross on Calvary? "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved" Acts 16:31 If you do that you are saved for all eternity and you will become a new man in Him and your sins be forgiven forevermore.
Chapter 1 verse 30
This is He of Whom I said, After me cometh a
Man Which is preferred before me: For He was
Verse 30: In this verse 30,31 there is another reason to give us why John baptized people: to make Christ “manifest to Israel.” 31. After Him Christ would come and Christ was before John the Baptist and the Chosen One to do the will of the Father and fulfill all righteousness!
Chapter 1 verse 31
And I knew Him not: but that He should be made manifest to
Israel, therefore am I com baptizing with water
Verse 31: In all his life John the Baptist didn't know the Lord before the Lord Jesus Christ came to him in the river Jordan. He had never seen the Lord Jesus Christ in his life. He John was send by the Lord that Christ should be made manifest to Israel. He, John baptized the people with water and this was for the forgiveness of sins.
Chapter 1 verse 32
And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit
descending from heaven like a dove, and it
abode upon Him.
Verse 32: What does it mean when John the Baptist say here in this verse he bare record? It means John the Baptist was witness and said I saw the Spirit. That is the Holy Spirit. That Holy Spirit of God descend from heaven like a dove. It was not a dove but like a dove. A dove represents peace of the deepest kind. That's what the Spirit of God was when John the Baptist saw Him descending for heaven. And this Spirit came stayed upon the Lord Jesus Christ. On the moment John had baptized our Lord Jesus Christ. In Luke 3 verse 22 we read: "And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in Thee I am well pleased"
Chapter 1 verse 33
And I knew Him not: but He that sent me to baptize with water,
the Same said unto me, Upon Whom thou shalt see the
Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, the Same is He
which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost
Verse 33: Again we see the same words: I knew Him not. John had not seen the Lord Jesus Christ to man and family John was
the cousin of the Lord Jesus Christ. Still he had never seen Him before and knew Him not but God Who send John to baptize with water for the forgiveness of sins that same God said unto him. Let him know: upon Whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him, He is the Same Who will baptize with the Holy Ghost. We see here in this verse something which is not said: He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire. We read the last verse in Matthew 3 verse 11. Here in this verse 33 it is missing. We know now why the Lord Jesus Christ not yet had baptized with fire. This had to do with the Judgment Day. This has not yet come and God dealings with Israel to whom John the Baptist spoke is stopped because of their unbelief of their fall Romans 11:11, 25. We live now in a another Dispensation: the Dispensation of the Grace of God Ephesians 3;1-3 my dear brothers and sisters. We are members of the Body of Christ, the Church I Corinthians 12:13 and Israel is for a time set aside. God has inserted this oikonomia, this Dispensation of Grace. This Dispensation whereunder we now live takes now nearly 2000 years.
Chapter 1 verse 34
And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God
Verse 34: With the baptism of our Lord Jesus Christ John saw and witness that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. He heard also that voice from heaven which said: "Thou art my beloved Son; in Thee I am well pleased". So John saw and hear it after the baptism of water: the voice he heard saying this that our Lord was the beloved Son and that God was well pleased in Him.
Chapter 1 verse 35
Again the next day after John stood, and
two of his disciples
Verse 35: John the Baptist had also disciples. What is a disciple? A disciple is a learner. A scholar, sometimes applied to the followers of John the Baptist (Matthew 9:14). And two of his disciples were the next day after that John had baptized the Lord Jesus Christ and they were looking. What they were looking at we see in the next verse.
Chapter 1 verse 36
And looking upon Jesus as He walked, he saith. Behold the Lamb of God
Verse 36: They looked upon Jesus. It must have been a special sight my dear brothers and sisters. We haven't seen Him. We don't see Him on earth. Our Lord Jesus Christ is in heaven on the Right Hand of the Father. Still He is with us because of His Spirit Which lives in us Ephesians 1:13,14. We are sealed by His Spirit. But those disciples of John saw the Lord Jesus Christ on earth, They saw Him walking and John saith to them: Behold the Lamb of God. Jesus Christ is the Lamb of God, the Perfect Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of this world.
Chapter 1 verse 37
And the two disciples heard Him speak and they
Verse 37: My brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. The two disciples of John the Baptist, two of his scholars who learned a lot of him heard Christ speaking! They left John and followed Jesus Christ on earth. It must have been something special that they saw Him and heard Him speaking! He spoke sound Words, really sound Words and the Truth He spoke that's why they followed Him. Later in this chapter we read the Names of the disciples
Chapter 1 verse 38
The Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them,
What seek ye? They said unto Him, Rabbi, (which is to say,
being interpreted, Master) where dwellest thou?
Verse 38: Our Lord turned around because He knew that He has been followed. He knows and knew everything. God knows the hearts of men and what they are doing. Nothing is hidden for Him. He saw them following and asked them where they were looking for. Their answer was unto Him Rabbi. They recognized that He was a Rabbi, a Master and asked Him because they wanted to follow Him and said where dwellest Thou? They wanted not only to know where He lived but also to be with Him. They longed to be with Him that's why they asked Him this. The Words that He spoke were so powerful and mighty and we know Gods Word is. In Hebrews 4 verse 12 we read: "For the Word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the divding asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart"
Chapter 1 verse 39
He saith unto them, Come and see. they came and saw
where He dwelt, and abode with Him that day: for it was
about the tenth hour
Verse 39: Our Lord Jesus Christ showed the two disciples of John the Baptist the place where He on that moment dwelt. They asked Him to be with Him that day. Where are You dwelling may have suggested, if you are to busy now, we can visit later. It was 10 AM. They were so impressed of Jesus Christ. They called Him Rabbi or Master. He told them a lot of Gods Word and this touched their hearts. They wanted to hear more of Him so they asked Him to stay with Him. They were convinced that He was the Messiah, that they found Him!!!
Chapter 1 verse 40
One of the two which heard John speak, and followed Him, was
Andrew, Simon's Peter's brother
Verse 40: One of the Disciples of John the Baptist who followed out Lord Jesus Christ on earth was Andrew the brother of Simon Peter. Andrew was with the other disciple so impressed of our Lord Jesus Christ that he found later his brother Simon Peter and brought him to Jesus Christ and the same happened with John who brought his brother James to the Lord. We do not know so much about Andrew but what we see here is very great: To invite his brother Simon Peter to come to the Lord Jesus Christ and be also a disciple of Jesus Christ on earth. Both Andrew and John were their brothers keepers. Not as Cain said to the Lord in Genesis 4:9: And the Lord said unto Cain. Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper? Cain lied to the Lord. He had murdered his brother to death and now he lied too that he didn't know where is brother was and that he have to take care about him. In general my brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ this is the mentallity of the sin nature of men in general: I don't care about anyone else. But here we have these men who followed our Lord on earth much cared about their brothers and brought them to the Lord. It is a real testimony and something to think about it that we as members of the Body of Christ do care about each other and also about unbelievers in this world! Let us not be selfish but let God do the work and love through us to others and share the wonderful Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24, Romans 16: 25-26, I Corinthians 15:3-4, Romans 5:8!
Chapter 1 verse 41
He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have
found the Messias, which is being interpreted, the Christ
Verse 41: He, that is Andrew, found his brother Simon. Andrew was looking for his brother and found him! And now he surprises his brother very enthousiastic and full sure that he and John had found the Messias. This was really a witness. Messiah is a Hebrew word and means anointed and the Greek word for this is Christ! Hebrew originally word Mashiach, Messiah. It was really special that Andrew and John former disciples of John the Baptist found the Messiah, Christ and they were convinced of that so they told their brothers too that they have found Him and that they should also follow the Lord Jesus Christ. It is the Word of God which convince us too my brothers and sisters to believe in it! Romans 10:17
Chapter 1 verse 42
And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, He
said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called
Cephas, which is by interpretation , A stone.
Verse 42: After Andrew had found his brother Simon and told him about the Messiah, Christ which is Anointed One, he brought Simon or Peter to the Lord Jesus Christ and Jesus Christ beheld him, Simon. What does the word beheld mean? To gaze upon ! So our Lord was gaze upon Simon when Simon was brought by his brother Andrew to the Lord. He, our Lord said something very special to Simon. He knew that Simon was the son of Jona and he told Simon this. Our Lord did know everything because He was God Himself in the flesh. That's why he told Simon: thou art the son of Jona. And now it comes: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation a stone. The Name of Simon was changed into Cephas or Peter. It changed Simon's life: Peter in Greek language and Cephas in Aramaic. Peter was originally a weak person but through the Lord he became a strong person in Christ and that's why he got a new Name and that is interpreted stone. Later he became the leader of the 12 apostles. The Lord gave him a lot of responsibilities later!
Chapter 1 verse 43
The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee and
findeth Philip and saith unto him, Follow me
Verse 43: Our Lord Jesus Christ went into the land of Galilee. He went there with a purpose: to call men to be His disciples! And He, the Lord Jesus Christ found Philip. And He said to Philip: Follow me. It would have been impressed Philip so much like the other disciples too that he immediately after hearing this call he followed our Lord on earth. Andrew and Peter were fishermen and lived near the Sea of Gallilee, Sea of Tiberias also known. They were also called and we read that in Matthew 4 verse 18-21: "And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. And they straigthway left their nets, and followed Him". It is very remarkable here in this last verse that they immediately left their nets and followed Him. They heard His call and His Word I will make you fishers of men. This was so special that they couldn't refuse and they obeyed Him and followed Him.
My wife and me were last year there on this Sea and it is beautiful Sea! It has the form of a harp and special in the morning when you see the Sunrise there it is very beautiful and it is a peaceful and quiet place! I love that place and it made a big impression on me. When you are there you think back to the Four Gospels and realize that our Lord Jesus Christ walked there and spoke the Word of God there to the people.
Now Philip we see in the next verse came from Bethsaida near the Sea of Galilee and this we have also seen. This was also a beautiful place. We saw the rests of the Synagogue and the house of Peter's mother in Law. So our Lord called Philip there in the neigbourhood of his home and called him to be a disciple. The disciples were not learned men. They were simple people. In Acts 4 verse 13 we read: Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.
Chapter 1 verse 44
Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter
Verse 44: All three men came from Bethsaida: Philip, Andrew and Peter. Was this by chance? No it wasn't. There is no coincidence with God. God knew before He would call this 3 men from the same city. God is omniscient! He knows everything and knows the heart of men. Jesus Christ called those men: Two of them were fishers, simple men. Not wise in the eyes of men in this world. Let us read I Corinthians 1 verse 26: "For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble are called" And this is now my brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ: most people in the Body of Christ, the Church are not wise persons, not many are learned people. Why not? The answer is that for learned men, Academici or intellectuals it is very difficult to receive the Word of God and to learn the wisdom of God. It will not say that there are not learned men or women in the Body of Christ. There are but they are in the minority.
Chapter 1 verse 45
Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him. We have found
Him, of whom Moses in the Law and the prophets, did write,
Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.
Verse 45:Philip became a follower of Christ, he became a disciple and he was so impressed through our Lord and what He spoke to the people that he find Nathanael. Probably Nathanael was a friend of Philip and Philip told him: we have found Him! What a big joy this must have been!!! For them to find the Lord Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph!!! In Deuteronomy 18 verse 15 we read there: "The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me: unto Him ye shall hearken. In this verse Moses is telling the people of Israel that there will be a Prophet come in the midst of them in the future and like Moses and to Him they shall hearken. In Luke 24 verse 27 the Lord explained to the men going to Emmaus the following words: "And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, He expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself" The Scriptures confirmed that there is written about our Lord Jesus Christ, about His coming to earth: in the Law and under the prophets. He came from Nazareth and the son of Joseph according the human line.
Chapter 1 verse 46
And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing
come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him,
Come and see
Verse 46: See the answer here in this verse of Nathanael to Philip his friend; Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Nathanael was not enthousiastic in the first place. He couldn't believe what Philip told him. Our Lord was born in Bethlehem but grew up in Nazareth and bore that stigma: our Lord was called a Nazarene Matthew 2: 23. A Nazarene meant to be looked down on and rejected. So Nathanael argued here and disappointed but Philip took the words of our Lord and remained enthousiastic and said to Nathanael: Come and see. It is first come with me and see and your judgements will maybe disappear! Come is the great invitation of God's Grace.
Chapter 1 verse 47
Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him,
and saith of him. Behold an Israelite
indeed, in whom is no guile!
Verse 47: Philip brought Nathanael to our Lord Jesus and Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him. Nathanael was a Israelite and in him was no guile. Our Lord was referring to Jacob, the ancestor of the Jews. Jacob's Name was later changed in Israel, a prince with God. After his name was changed Jacob now in Israel there was no guile in him. Before his name was changed into Israel he had beguiled people like his father and Laban
Chapter 1 verse 48
Nathanael saith unto Him, Whence knowest thou me?
Jesus answered and said unto him. Before that Philip
called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
Verse 48: Nathanael was a little bit surprised by this and asked our Lord how he did know him. The Lord told him
that He saw him already under the fig tree before Philip called him. This let us see that our Lord knowed, knows everything
and He is more on one place. He is everywhere! He is omniscient. This is how He is. That our Lord revealed His knowledge of Nathanael hwre he had been and what he had been doing, the was enough to convince the man that Jesus Christ was the Son of God. And we see in the next verse what Nathanael said to our Lord Jesus Christ. Nathanael became convinced that Jesus was indeed the Son of God
Chapter 1 verse 49
Nathanael answered and saith unto Him, Rabbi, thou art the Son
of God; thou art the King of Israel
Verse 49: Nathanael was convinced of our Lord and answered and confirmed that Jesus Christ was and is Rabbi Master! And more he said listen and read carefully: thou art the Son of God! Thou art the King of Israel. King of Israel is the title similar to Messiah, the Anointed One. Kings weer always God's anointed In Psalm 2 verse 6 and 7 we read: "Yet have I set my King upon my Holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. This Psalm is speaking about our Lord Jesus Christ: He is the Son of God and God tells Him here in this verses that!
Chapter 1 verse 50
Jesus answered and said unto him, Because I said
unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou?
Thou shalt see greater things than these
Verse 50: Nathanael believed what the Lord told him that He saw him under the fig tree. Above this our Lord Jesus told Nathanael that he should see greater things than these because Nathanael became a disciple of our Lord on earth and in the 3 years of His ministry our Lord showed His disciples a lot of miracles and wonders He did. At the close of this fourth day our Lord Jesus Christ had six believing men who were His disciples. It was the half of His disciples He had already. The days after 6 other persons would be His disciples until 12 disciples. 12 Disciples because of the twelve Tribes of Israel and that they will reign with our Lord Jesus Christ when He will be King of Israel in the 1000 year Reign, the Millenial Kingdom on earth over the twelve Tribes of Israel. In Luke 22 verse 29 30 our Lord told his disciples: And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; That ye may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom, and sist on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel"
Chapter 1 verse 51
And He saith unto him, Verily verily, I say unto you,
Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the
angels of God ascending and descending
upon the Son of man
Verse 51: Here we see Son of man and that is one of our Lord's favorite titles for Himself. This Son of man is 83 times used in the four Gospels and at least 13 times in the Gospel according to John. This title let you see both Deity and humanity of Jesus Christ. In Daniel 7 verse 13 we read the following words: "I saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven and came to the Ancient of days and they brought him near before Him. The Son of man is the living link between heaven and earth. This is why our Lord spoke to Nathanael and the other disciples about the Jacob's ladder in Genesis 28. The Ladder is Christ and Christ is God's Ladder and God had send the angels to guard and guide Him. So the conclusion is that God's ladder is Christ between heaven and earth. In John 14 verse 6 we read: No man cometh to the Father, but by Me" The witness of this whole chapter is clear: Jesus of Nazareth is God come in the flesh!
End of Chapter I
This chapter 2 is about the first miracle of Our Lord when He began His ministry on
earth and about the confrontation with the Jews at Jerusalem (temple) and about
foreseing His dying, grave and standing up from the death
Chapter 2 verse 1 and 2
And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee;
and the mother of Jesus was there. And both Jesus was called
and His disciples, to the marriage
Verse 1 and 2:
Our Lord Jesus Christ was still in Galilee and He and His disciples were invited on a marriage. On this same marriage the mother of Jesus Mary was invited too Apperently Mary knew the couple which were married and the families and friends too because otherwise she was not invited. Joseph her husband is not mentioned here. Could be that Joseph died already because the Bible does not mentioned him when Jesus Christ began His earthly ministry. Three days here in this verse means three days after the call of Nathanael. So our Lord was invited to come to the marriage in Cana and He accepted this social event. He was accompanied by His mother and His six disciples. Our Lord was not well known by people because He did not miracles in that time. Probably His relationship with Mary brought Him to this place, to this wedding!
Chapter 2 verse 3
And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith
unto Him, They have no wine
Verse 3: A marriage or a wedding day without wine in the time our Lord was on earth was very annoying. People couldn't continue the wedding day without wine because the wine made them happy on such a day. It was for the groom to have adequate provisions. It would be embarrassing to run out of either food or wine. So to run out of wine could be costly both financially and socially. Mary reported this problem to our Lord Jesus Christ. She wanted that He did something to change this that is why she saith to Him They have no wine. Probably she expected that He would do something. The wine was up. This let us see that she didn't trust in our Lord and let us also see that she is a sinner just like you and me.
Chapter 2 verse 4
Jesus saith unto her, Woman what have I
to do with thee? Mine hour is not yet come
Verse 4: Woman what our Lord saith to Mary is a polite way to address her. With other words why are you getting Me involved in this matter our Lord told her in fact. From that time on He would be doing what the Father wanted Him to do. He was making her clear with these words taht he no longer was under her supervision. Joseph his father already died. Our Lord lived on a heavenly timetable marked out for Him by the Father that's why He saith to her Mine hour is not yet come. The hour would come but not on that moment was His hour. The hour that that he was captured by corrupt men and they would beat Him and they would crucify Him on the cross on Calvary: that He would die for mankind on that cross and bear the sin of this world from every men.
Chapter 2 verse 5
His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever He saith unto
you, do it
Verse 5: What she told the servants here let us see that Mary was willing to let her Son do whatever He pleased, that she has trusted Him to do what was right. A note here in these verses is that our Lord Jesus Christ solved the problem and not Mary because she couldn't solve the problem what had arisen that there was no wine anymore. He Christ took command and solved the problem and Mary pointed not to herself but to our Lord Jesus Christ.
Chapter 2 verse 6
And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after
the manner of purifying of the Jews containing
two of three firkins apiece
Verse 6: Six waterpots of stone were standing there. Each of the six stone waterpots could contain about twenty gallons each. What is a gallon? A gallon is 3,7 litres so twenty gallons is about 74 a 75 litres. That is a lot my dear brothers and sisters. This water in the waterpots was for the purifying of the Jews. In that time when God handled with Israel water was for purifying. That's why you had a lot of water rituals of purifying. Two of three firkins apiece. About 120 litres. That is much my brother and sisters. In the following verses we see what happened with the water in the pots.
Chapter 2 verse 7
Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they
filled them up to the brim
Verse 7: Our Lord saith to the servants: Fill the waterpots with water. Each waterpot about 75 litres of water. That is in total about 450 litres of water because the filled them up to the brim and that is the top of the waterpot. They all were filled like this. The Bible does not mention here when the miracle happened. Maybe it was after the filling of water or directly when they put the water in it that it was changed into wine. They, the servants anyway obeyed our Lord Jesus Christ and filled them with water up to the brim. They obeyed His authority and did it and later they knew that He changed the water into wine: that the miracle He did had taken place before their eyes.
Chapter 2 verse 8
And He saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the
governor of the feast. and they bare it.
Verse 8: After filling the waterpots with water the Lord told the servants of the feast to draw out and bear unto the
governor of the feast. Still they obeyed Him. They trusted Him and obeyed His voice. They accepted His authority. They had to bear what they draw out and bring it to the governor of the feast. Think the words He saith was with authority and very impressive so the servants obeyed it. The servants drew out and served was transformed into wine. What a miracle was this: water changed into wine. Our Lord did it!
Chapter 2 verse 9
When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water
that was made wine, and knew not
whence it was (but the servants which drew the
water knew the governor of the feast called the
Verse 9: The governor or ruler of the feast had tasted the water what they, the servants brought to him and tasted wine but he didn't know where the wine came from because there was no wine before so that was a little bit strange. The servants who brought him the wine to taste knew that the water was made into wine. The governor didn't know who did this and where the wine came from. He called after tasting the bridegroom to let him know that there was still wine at the feast. He didn't know, realize that this was a miracle done by our Lord Jesus Christ.
Chapter 2 verse 10
And saith unto him. Every man at the beginning
doth set forth good wine; and when men have well
drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept
the good wine until now
Verse 10: The governor saith to the bridegroom something remarkable that every man at the beginning give the good wine and the worst wine, the not so good wine they serve at the end of the feast. But he said to him thou hast kept the good wine for the end, until now. He thought the bridegroom had the good wine in the end but didn't know who had changed water into wine and made it a possible feast till the end. It was our Lord Jesus Christ Who did this miracle changing water into wine and it was very good wine!
Chapter 2 verse 11
This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and
manifested forth His glory; and His disciples
believed on Him.
Verse 11 In Cana our Lord Jesus Christ began His miracles. Why He started with miracles? First we see here to let the people of Israel to manifest forth His Glory that they could see that He was and is God. Second when God was busy with His folk Israel miracles and wonders happened for their eyes. Why was this? In I Corinthians 1 verse 22 we read: For the Jews reguire a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom" The Jews asked always signs and wonders otherwise they wouldn't believe in God. We are of the Gentiles and the Greeks here in this verse are Gentiles: we seek after wisdom. The wisdom of God is in His Word the Bible now to read and now specially for us as members of the Body of Christ the epistles of the apostle Paul: Romans until the end of Philemon. We see here that His disciples believed on Him. They trusted Him although a lot was not clear for them. Later after Christ's ressurection from the dead they began to understand more.
Chapter 2 verse 12
After this He went down to Capernaum, He, and His mother, and His brethren,
and His disciples: and they continued there not many days
Verse 12: From Cana where our Lord did His first miracle before the Jews He went down to Caparnaum. Capernaum now was on the sea of Galilee while Cana was more inland. How He went down. That means that Cana was a more higher place than Capernaum. In Capernaum was a synagoge of the Jews. Last year in Israel we saw the place Capernaum and also rests of a synagoge! It was very impressive to see this all! He went not by His own, no. His mother and His brethren and His disciples accompanied Him to Capernaum. Capernaum was also in Galilee and our Lord went a lot of times to Galilee. He stayed there in Capernaum with His mother and brethren and disciples not many days. Who were His brethren? I believe they were His brethren according the flesh. Joseph and Mary got more sons according the flesh and they were James, Joseph/Joses, Simon and Judah or Jude and our Lord had also sisters. In Matthew 12 verse 46 until verse 49 we read: "While He yet talked to the people, behold His mother and His brethren stood without, desiring to speak with Him. Then one said unto Him, Behold thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with Thee. But He answered and said unto him that told Him, Who is my mother? And who are my brethren? This is remarkable because in John 7 verse 5 we read later For neither did His brethren believe in Him. They accompanied here our Lord to Capernaum because they were with their mother also on the wedding feast and after the miracle they went with Him to Capernaum because of their mother. Joseph their father was not anymore in the picture. Probably he died already.
Chapter 2 verse 13
And the Jews passover was at hand
and Jesus went up to Jerusalem
Verse 13: The Jewish Passover was at hand. What was the Passover? First this: Each Jewish man was required to attend three anual feasts at the Holy City Jerusalem. That was the Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. In Deuteronomy 16 verse 16 we read the following verse: Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the Lord empty" The Passover was fhe first and this was the feast of unleavened bread. We read in Deuteronomy 16 verses 1-3 the following: "Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover unto the Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice God of the flock and the herd, in the place which the Lord shall choose to place His name there. Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of afflication; for thou camest forst out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life" This the Lord decided for His folk Israel and they had to keep this law. So this was written to Israel when God was dealing with them. When our Lord was on earth God was dealing with Israel.
Chapter 2 verse 14
And found in the temple those
that sold oxen en sheep and doves,
and the changers of money sitting
Verse 14: Our Lord Jesus Christ went with the Passover to Jerusalem because this was written in the law as male to visit Jerusalem 3 times a year and the first time was the Passover. He went to the temple and found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, doves and the changers of money were also sitting there. The temple in Jerusalem was in the time our Lord was on earth the House of His Father. God was in the temple. Our Lord was faithful to the Law. The temple was made into a business instead a religious market as it used to be. People were selling animals and there were changers sitting there for the money because a lot of Jewish people who lived outside Israel came in those days to Jerusalem to worship God in the temple. The temple was not made for selling things like animals and changing money but people made of this a business in the temple because this was the centre of Jerusalem and everyone came here. They had left God who did this and went their own ways. Obeying the law they (Israel) could not hold it. It is the same today. How more laws there are in a country how more violations
Chapter 2 verse 15
And when He had made a scourge of small cords, He drove
them all out of the temple, and the sheep and the oxen;
and poured out the changers money, and overthrew the tables
Verse 15: We see here in this verse the Lord Jesus in action because the temple in Jerusalem which was His Fathers house was defiled! He came in action. He made a scourge of small cords and drove them all out of the temple. He was cleansing by this action the temple, His Fathers house. It was not a place of ministry anymore but the people had made it a place of business. That He stopped by this action. He drove all the people out with sheep, oxen and poured out the changers money and overthrew the tables! He couldn't see anymore this kind of business in His Father's temple. It was the house of God! In this our Lord was right and what He did was right, upright!
Chapter 2 verse 16
And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence;
make not my Fathers house an house of merchandise
Verse 16: The Lord is very clear here to the men who sold doves and other things: take the doves with you
and all the things you have and disappear, go away! So our Lord drove them not only out of the temple but
told them also to leave the temple and make not the temple which was His Fathers house an house of
merchandise. The Fathers house, the temple was a place of worship and service for the Lord and not a place
to handle in animals and changing money. This let you see how deep the folk was away from God's standards and
rules under the Law. They didn't remember anymore for what purpose the temple was made for. That's why our Lord
told them not to make His Father's house an house of merchandise. We as members of the Body of Christ now are the
temple of the Holy Ghost. God is now living in us through His Spirit Ephesians 1:13 and 14. I Corinthians 6 verse 19 tells
us the following: What? Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of
God, and ye are not your own? So to neglect your body is not good for you and me to do as members of the Body of Christ.
Chapter 2 verse 17
And His disciples remembered that it was written
The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up
Verse 17: From Psalm 69 verse 10 this verse is taken and we read there in this Psalm the following words: For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me" Psalm 69 is definitely a psalm about the Messiah. Our Lord cleansed the temple and He declared war on the hypocritical and religious leaders of Israel and this led to His death. That's why it is written here His zeal for God's house did eat Him up! He also revealed His zeal through giving His life. This brings us to the following verse!
Chapter 2 verse 18
Then answered the Jews and said unto Him. What
sign shewest thou unto us seeing that thou doest
Verse 18: The Jewish religious people and leaders were asking here for a sign from our Lord. They wanted to know by what authority He did this: to make the temple, His Fathers house clean? The Jews asked always signs. Again in I Corinthians 1: 22 we read For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom" As long as God was dealing with Israel they require signs from God otherwise they didn't believe. In John 6 verse 30 we see: "They said therefore unto Him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe Thee? Waht dost thou work? Often during His ministry the Jews and specially the leaders asked our Lord Jesus to give them a sign. He refused to do so except the sign of Jonah in Matthew 12:39. The sign of Jonah is death, burial and resurrection. We from the nations from nature we search for wisdom and not for signs.
Chapter 2 verse 19
Jesus answered and sait unto them
Destroy this temple, and in
three days I will raise it up
Verse 19: Our Lord Jesus Christ used the temple as example to convey the truth: Destroy this temple He said. What He meant here was His body and in three days I will raise it up! The Jews and leaders were spiritually blind so they couldn't understand Him what He was saying to them. There became a misunderstanding about this. Herod's temple was started in 20 B.C. . How could one man say Raise it up in three days? This fact was of course a prediction of His own death and resurrection of the dead after 3 three days. His disciples remembered after His resurrection these words of Him.
Chapter 2 verse 20
Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this
temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in
Verse 20: The Jews didn't understand His Words to them: Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. They were very amazed when He told them this. They couldn't believe that's why they asked Him: thou wilt rear it up in three days? How can this be? But the Jews were spiritually blind. They misunderstood what He was saying. They thought He was speaking about the temple, His Fathers house.
Chapter 2 verse 21
But He spake of the temple of His body
Verse 21: Our Lord spoke about His Own Body when He spoke about this temple to destroy and in three days I will raise it up. They couldn't understand Him because they were spiritually blind. This is said about the Jews, the religious Jews people. John in his Gospel he described the following: first the slaying of the Lamb in John 1:29. The destroying of the temple is the second one John 2:19 and the third picture is of the serpent lifted up John 3:14. We now know that the Saviour would be made sin for us. I Peter 2:24 and for the folk Israel, His death was complete voluntary. The Shepherd would lay down His life for the sheep. But the death couldn't hold Him because He rose from the dead after three days.
Chapter 2 verse 22
When therefore He was risen from the dead, His disciples remembered
that he had said this unto them; and they believed the Scriptures
and the Word which Jesus had said.
Verse 22: After He was risen from the dead His disciple rembembered His Word what He had told them. They
believed the Scriptures, they believes God's Word. The Jews who asked Him in verse 20 didn't rembember or
wished not to remember His Words. The disciples from our Lord believed the Scriptures. Again we read in Romans
10 verse 17: "So then faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the Word of God. So faith or belief, trusting, cometh
always by hearing and hearing by the Word of God. Our Lord spoke the Word of God because He was and is God Himself in the flesh. These Words were so impressive that they remembered those Words He spoke later when He was risen from the dead!
The temple His Body is the temple and there was no need for the Jewish temple. These words He spoke let us see the end of the Jewish religious system. The legal system has ended and Grace and truth have come through Jesus Christ and it came my dear brothers and sisters and now we live under Gods Grace and not under the Law anymore. Jesus Christ is the new Sacrifice and the New temple
Chapter 2 verse 23
Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover
in the feast day, many believed in His Name,
when they saw the miracles which He did
Verse 23: Our Lord Jesus Christ was in Jerusalem at the Passover and in the feast day and many believed in Him because
of the miracles He did before their eyes. Jews asking always for signs. That's why our Lord did a lot of miracles before their eyes. He healed a lot of people in His earthly ministry, who were sick. Here in this verse it is not written what He precisely did for miracles. They believed in Him but He didn't believe in them. He knew what was in their hearts, He knew what was in men.
Chapter 2 verse 24
But Jesus did not commit Himself unto them,
because He knew all men
Verse 24: What is the meaning of this verse my dear brothers and sister: Jesus did not commit Himself unto them. Why not? The answer is because He knew all men, He knew their hearts. He knew that in general men of Israel did not have God's love in their hearts and that is the reason He did not commit Himself unto them. He is and was God in the flesh that dwelled here on earth in Israel. God knows everything and knows every heart, still today my dear brothers and sisters. If we read further on in the gospel according to John we see Jesus Christ moving gradually out of the bright light of popularity into the dark shadows of rejection. In the beginning it was easy for the people to follow the crowd and watch His miracles but then His Words He began to tell them reached their hearts to conviction and following Him to conversion or opposition. People decided and most of the people in Israel decided to be against Him.
Chapter 2 verse 25
And needed not that any should testify of man:
for He knew what was in man
Verse 25: Our Lord knew what was in man. This accurate knowledge of the human heart is anotherf evidence of His Deity for only God can see the inner person. Our Lord needed not that any man should testify of man. Because man is a sinner Romans 5:12. and not to trust so the testimony of man isn't perfect. So that's why he needed not that any should testify of man.
To be Continued!