The Gospel

according

to

John

 

Introduction:

 

This Gospel which is a describing of our Lord's Ministry on Earth was written of the apostle John. He John was the apostle from which we also read in Galatians 2 verse 9: And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the Grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen and they unto the circumcision. This is the definitive agreement Paul made with James, Cephas and John. Cephas is Peter. John describes in this Gospel Jesus Christ as the Son of God. In this light John describes Him!

 

We have the Prologue

Chapter One : Verse 1-18

The Word became flesh

 

I PUBLIC MINISTRY OF JESUS TO THE JEWS

Chapter 1 verse 19 until Chapter 13

First signs witness and contacts Chapter 1 19 till chapter 5 

Further signs witness and conflicts chapter 5 till chapter 11

Final sign witness and cleavage chapter 11 till chapter 13

 

II PRIVATE MINISTRY OF JESUS TO HIS OWN

Chapter 13 until chapter 19

Presage of His own departure Chapter 13 till chapter 14 verse 16

Promise of the coming Spirit Chapter 14 verse 16 till chapter 17

Prayer for them to God the Father Chapter 17

 

III PASCHAL CLIMAX: TRAGEDY AND TRIUMPH

Chapter 18 till end chapter 20

Apprehension and prosecution Chapter 18 till chapter 19 verse 16

Crucifixion and entombment chapter 19 16-42

Resurrection and reappearance chapter 20 1-31

Epilogue chapter 21: Till I come

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The Gospel according to the apostle John

Chapter I verse 1

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God

and the Word was God

 

Verse 1: In the beginning was the Word. At the very first time the Word was there. In Genesis 1 verse 1 we read: In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth" God, Elohim, Father, Son and Holy Spirit in One God were in the beginning. The Word was with God. This speaks about God the Son and thre est too: The Word was God. In Hebrews 1 verse 8 we read: "But unto the Son He saith, Thy throne, O God is for ever and ever; a sceptre of righteousness is the scheptre of Thy Kingdom" You see here my brothers and sisters: God the Father saith to His Son God. In Ephesians 3 verse 9 we read: And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, Who created all things by Jesus Christ . And in Colossians 1:16 we read: "For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers, all things were created by Him, and for Him" God the Father and His Son are One and also the Holy Spirit. God is a Trinity. The Word was God. Jesus Christ was and is God Himself. He was and is God in the flesh like men without sin and the purpose was to die for sinners and that happened on the cross my dear brothers and sisters. He died for you and me there on Calvary. He Just for us unjust, He without sin for us sinners. He paid the price with His own life for us. Think about this! I Corinthians 15:3-4, Romans 5:6-8. He came into this world to save sinners like you and me I Timothy 1:15

 

Chapter 1 verse 2

The same was in the beginning with God

 

Verse 2: The Word was with God and the Word was God. God was in the beginning. He was before the world. He created everything through our Lord Jesus Christ His Son. God is Father, Son and Holy Spirit/Ghost. God is Trinity. God is eternal! He lives from eternity to eternity. He exists always. He lives forever and ever. Everything He has created. Nothing is invisible for Him. 

Chapter 1 verse 3

All things were made by Him; and without Him was not 

anything made that was made

 

Verse 3: What we have seen in verse 1 already my dear brothers and sisters is this that all thing were made by Him. Not anything was not made by Him. He created everything. He created the heaven and the earth. That was first what God created! He created all things by Jesus Christ! Ephesians 3:9. Without Him, that is Jesus Christ was not anything made that was made. This is very special! The whole Universum, all the planets inclusive the Earth to live on because planet Earth is the lively planet. On the Earth there is life possible. It is the only planet in the whole Universum  where life is possible!!! Think about this!

 

Chapter 1 verse 4

In Him was life, and the life was the light of men

 

 Verse 4: Who is Him in this verse. Well this verse continues where verse 3 ended. Him is our Lord Jesus Christ. In Him was life. “In Him was life” (John 1:4), speaking of Christ after He came to earth, and referring to eternal life. While we too have eternal life in us, we just have it, while the Lord could give it (ICor.15:45) But what does it mean when John says that the life that was in the Lord “was the light of men” (John 1:4)? Well, in John 8:12, the Lord said that “he that followeth Me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.” But what kind of light does eternal life give, and what kind of darkness were you in before you got it? Well, in John 12:35 the Lord said, “he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth,” and if you don’t have eternal life, you don’t know where you are going after you die. What’s the solution? In John 12:46, the Lord said, “whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.” 

When our Lord Jesus Christ was on earth He said these words in John 14 verse 16 the following words: Jesus saith unto him Thomas, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me" This is eternal life my dear brothers and sisters. What applied to Thomas now also applies to us my dear brothers and sisters. No man cometh unto the Father but by me Jesus Christ. He is the Way, the Truth and the Life. No doubt about that. In John 3 verse 16 we read: For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life" Oh another beautiful verse we can read my dear brothers and sisters in Romans 6 verse 23: For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord" In Him was and is life, everlasting life!!! That life was the light of men! Jesus Christ is the Son of man and He is God in the flesh! In I Timothy 6 verse 16 we read about our God the following verse: "Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see, tho whom be honour and power everlasting Amen" “In Him was life” (John 1:4), speaking of Christ after He came to earth, and referring to eternal life. While we too have eternal life in us, we just have it, while the Lord could give it (ICor.15:45) 

      If you are not saved my dear friend you are in darkness, but you don’t have to abide there!  There is Good News: Trust Christ as your Savior right now and thou shall be saved forever and have also eternal life Acts 16:31. 

Chapter 1 verse 5

And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not

Verse 5: My dear brothers and sisters: Light shineth in darkness and the darkness comprehended it not” What does that mean? Some of the people in Israel comprehended it but this is referring to the whole nation Israel. Why didn't they comprehend it? Well they were looking to a different Savior because Christ was in their eyes not the Savior they were looking for. They thought that He came to them to save them from their enemies and in the time of Jesus Christ on earth that were the Romans. God saved Israel many times from their enemies like the Egyptians when God parted the Red Sea for them, “He saved them.”  They didn't know that first He came to save them from their sins and after that He would come as King to reign over them 1000 years. That’s why He preached “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Mt.4:17), just as John had (3:2). And so all Israel came to John “confessing their sins” (Mt.3:5,6). How would this help? Leviticus 26:38-42 stated that they could be saved from their enemies by confessing their sins and getting forgiveness (I Kings 8:33,34). But whole Israel didn't comprehend it. Litteral it means laid not hold of it. 

Chapter 1 verse 6

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John

 

Verse 6: Now the apostle John is speaking about someone else who was send by God. His name was John or John the Baptist. People began to ask him when he preached in the wilderness and near the river Jordan who he was. They thought he was Elias but he said no and in verse 23 he said to them: "I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias. He John bare witness of Him and cried saying. This was He of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for He was before me verse 15. Send by God to make straight the way of the Lord. That was his task or ministry. Malachi also predicted that John would come and “prepare the way” before the Lord (3:1), and calls him “Elijah” (4:5 ,6). Elijah and John were similar. Elijah was hairy and wore a leather girdle (IIKi.1:8), John wore camel’s hair and a leather girdle (Mt.3:4). They both stood for a wicked king. Elijah stood for Ahab and John for king Herod. Elijah called fire down on God’s enemies  We read that in IIKings 1:9-12, and John predicted the Lord would baptize His enem-ies with fire. This we can read in Matthew.3:11. Elijah went before a type of Christ named Elisha, and John went before Christ.

But Israel didn’t receive it what John said to them, so John wasn’t Elijah.

Was Malachi wrong in saying Elijah would come before the Lord (4:5)? No, not at all for John was sent “in the spirit and power of Elijah” (Lu.1:13-17). So Israel has no excuse for rejecting Christ!

Chapter 1 verse 7

The same came from a witness to bear witness of the Light, that

all men through Him might believe

Verse 7 What people need  someone to bear witness of the Light here in this verse? Who does not know what light is? The answer for that is blind people!  Israel was spiritually blind my dear brothers and sisters and John came for a witness to bear witness of the Light. That Light was and is Jesus Christ! So that they might believe. Believe is 100 times mentioned in the Gospel according to John. Believing in Christ we see in the Gospel according to John means believing that He is the Christ. John never spoke to the people that Christ died for our sins, was buried and rose from the grave the third day according the Scriptures I Corinthians 15:3-4. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved. No this was not revealed at that time John lived and wrote to the Jews. It was not made known to people. It was at that time hid by God. So they must in that time believe in His Name and that He was the Christ! 

Chapter 1 verse 8

He was not the Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light

Verse 8: The apostle John is talking about John the Baptist my dear brothers and sisters: he, that is John the Baptistwas not the Light. In verse 15 of this same chapter 1 we read: "And they asked him, and said unto him, Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet" Indeed John the Baptist was the one, send by God to bear witness of that Light and the Light is Christ. In Acts 19 verse 4 we read: "Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance saying unto the people, that they should believe on Him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. Just as every groom has a “friend” who is a “witness” at the wedding, so our Lord Jesus Christ on earth had John the Baptist to “bear witness of that Light”

Chapter 1 verse 9

That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into 

the world

Verse 9: The apostle John is speaking here again about Jesus Christ, the Son of God Who was the true Light that came into the world. The world here means kosmos= world of men, humanity. John called our Lord Jesus Christ “the true Light” (1:9)!  John  he was warning the believeing Jews that there  will be in the future with the Tribulation a false light!  That is the Antichrist  and he will claim to be Israel’s true light. But Tribulation saints Jews,  will “know Him Jesus Christ that He is the true LIght (I John 5:20). We know brothers and sisters that Jesus Christ came into this world to save sinners like you and me I Timothy 1:15 tells us: This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation , that Christ Jesus  came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief" Here Christ is the true Light and lighteth every man and He came into this world world of men, humanity. We know and believe now under the Dispensation of Grace my dear brothers and sisters the purpose of His coming to this world: to save us sinners!  

Chapter 1 verse 10

He was in the world, and the world was made by Him, 

and the world knew Him not

 

Verse 10: He, Christ was in the world or kosmos is world of men. He was among them! The four gospels tells us about it. By Him the world was made. Again Colossians 1:16 we read: "For by Him were all things created, taht are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him" For His glory everything was made or created and also the world, the kosmos, the humanity was made by Him. And the world knew Him not. Men knew Him not. They didn't know Him. Now comes the question: Do you know Him, do you know Him as your personal Savior my dear reader? This verse is speaking of the past. We live now and under a different Dispensation namely the Dispensation of Gods Grace Ephesians 3:1-3. Men can know God through His Word Romans 10:17

Chapter 1 verse 11

He came unto His own, and His

own received Him not

Verse 11: Christ came unto His own. Who were His own. Answer: His own people! Who were His own people? The Lord’s “own” (John 1:11) refers to His own people, Israel.  Let us read it in Romans 9: 4 and 5: Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth  the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving ot the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, Who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. They didn't receive Him because they thought that He came in the first place to save them from their enemies. They didn''t know or understand that He had to die first for the people and later would come as King and save them from their enemies. So they didn't believe in Him. While the nation as a whole didn’t receive Him, some individuals did. 

 

Chapter 1 verse 12

But as many as received Him, to them gave He power

to become the sons of God, even to them

that believe on His Name

Verse 12: According to verse 11 the nation as a whole didn't receive Him but many as received Him to them individuals He gave power. Power is authority He give to them that received Him and to become sons of God. And even to them that believe on His Name. Thus men who believed on Him became His children, but were not yet sons. What’s the difference?

Well, a child is like a servant (Gal. 4:1,2), in that both get told what to do.  The children of Israel were driven by the law, but in the kingdom they’ll be led by the Spirit. They only must believe in His Name. Now we are sons and daughters of God and we are led by God's Spirit Romans 8:14. We received God's Spirit when we get saved Ephesians 1:13-14 and we are sealed with that Spirit. Israel has to wait for the future this to become the sons of God. At Pentecost in Acts 2 you have a foretaste of this Kingdom. Those who believed on the Lord “were born” (John 1:13), with other words : born again.

Chapter 1 verse 13

Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh,

nor of the will of man, but of God

 

Verse 13: Born of God and that means here that someone who is born of God cannot sin anymore. He or she is under control by the Holy Spirit so he or she cannot sin like the people at Pentecost did nothing wrong and were born of God. At Pentecost you see a foretaste of this. This will be in the future when the Kingdom will be here on earth and Christ as King a 1000 year.  Under this Dispensation of Grace we as members of the Body of Christ can sin. We have to be filled by God's Spirit everyday and that is complete different. We have to do with our flesh and our own will, the will of man, our own old nature and we can choose my dear brothers and sisters: we can serve the Lord instead to serve our flesh. We can do His will and choose to listen to His Word through His Spirit. Read for yourselves my brothers and sisters Romans 8:13

 

Chapter 1 verse 14

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us,

and we beheld His glory, the glory as for the only

begotten  of the Father, full of Grace and Truth

Verse 14: Jesus Christ was made flesh. He dwelt among the people of Israel and they saw His Glory, the glory as for the only begotten Son of the Father, full of Grace and Truth. God in the flesh through Jesus Christ His only begotten Son. How wonderful this was and is. He became Man to save men from all eternity. He paid the price on that cross on Calvary and this was for us my dear brothers and sisters. He came to His own, the people of Israel. He dwelt among them and people in Israel could see His glory and Grace and Truth. In Hebrews 2 verse 9 we read: "But we see Jesus, Who was made a little lower thatn the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that he by the Grace of God should taste death for every man" That was the purpose why He came and we know it now because we have the whole Bible. Israel didn't see it and rejected Him with the Gentiles. They crucified Him with the Romans. He rose from the grave and is alive my dear brothers and sisters and in Him there is eternal life!!! Romans 3:23 and 24

Chapter 1 verse 15

John bare witness of Him, and cried saying

This was He of Whom I spake, He that 

cometh after me is preferred before me:

for He was before me

Verse 15: John the Baptist was sent  to bear witness of that Light and the Light was Christ and Him. He cried to the people and said that the One Who came after him was before John. From all eternityGod has always existed and will always exist. God the Father, The Son and the Holy Spirit is a Trinity. God the Son Jesus Christ existed before John. The purpose of His coming was to save sinners we know now because we can find that in I Timothy 1:15. Sinners like you and me. In the time when our Lord was on earth people didn't know that. God's truth about this was not yet revealed to men in that time. Through the epistles of the apostle Paul we see the truth and purpose of  His first coming to this earth and as believers, members of His Body, the Church we can more appreciate this and be thankful for it!!!

Chapter 1 verse 16

And of His fulness have all we received, and Grace for Grace

 

Verse 16: These are the words of John the apostle and noot of John the Baptist. carrying on his account of Christ, after he had inserted the testimony of the Baptist, in connection with ( John 1:14) where he is said to be full of grace and truth; and which fulness is here intended; for the fulness of the Godhead. Grace for Grace. It means His Glory was full and the people of Israel John is speaking to have all received this fulness of the Godhead trough God's Grace for Grace. 

Chapter 1 verse 17

For the law was given by Moses, but Grace and Truth came

by Jesus Christ

Verse 17: The law was given by Moses. Moses got the whole Law from God. The law was not given at the time of his birth. Nor 40 years later when Moses fled from Pharaoh but much later at Mount Sinai. There he received the Law from God's hands. Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ we know but not at His birth. Even not when He died on the cross and rose again. After his ascension that Jesus Christ committed  this to the apostle Paul to give it out, to dispense. Read Ephesians 3: 1-4. The law was given by Moses and the Gospel of Gods Grace and His Truth was committed by the glorified Lord to Paul .  With Moses strict obedience  was commanded. Read Deuteronomy 4:26: I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed" The folk Israel. was disobedient and so they couldn't enter the land Canaan.  How different is the Gospel of Gods Grace my dear brothers and sisters. Salvation is a free gift Romans 3:25. The Law was the Ministration of death II Corinthians 3:7 and the ministration of condemnation II Corinthians 3:9. My brother and sisters: we live under God's Grace and not under God's Law. Christ hath redeemed us form the curse of the Law, being made a curse for us" Galatians 3:13

Chapter 1 verse 18

No man hath seen God at any time; 

the only begotten Son , Which is in the bosom

of the Father, He hath declared Him

Verse 18: This is a general truth my dear brothers and sisters: no man hath seen God. I Timothy 6 verse 15 and 16 tells us the following: "Which in His times He shall shew, who is the blessed an only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting Amen. Yes we cannot see God how He is. No man hath seen God at any time” (John 1:18) because no man can see Him and live. In Exodus 33 verse 20  we read: And He said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live" We know whom He is and what He has done for us through His Son Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ His only begotten Son Who is in the bosom of the Father Hath declared Him. The bosom was the place of the most intimate relationship imaginable, and that is what John is telling us here in this verse Christ has with the Father.

Christ was and is God in the flesh. So people could recognize that Christ was not such a man like they were as Israel in that time.  He was in the likeness of men: He was 100% Man and 100% God without sin. We cannot imagine what this is without sin and He declared God the Father!

Chapter 1 verse 19

And this is the record of John , when the Jews

sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to 

ask him, Who art thou?

 

Verse 19 This is the record of John: John is using official language because a King is being introduced! Israel will never be able to say they didn’t recognize their King because He wasn’t given a proper introduction. The Jewish authorities  send priests and levites from Jerusalem to ask John the Baptist who he is. They didn't really not know who he was. In Luke 3:15 we read: And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not" It was for them the folk of Israel strange to see such a man near the Jordan river and preaching the baptism of repentace for the remission of sins. In the time John the Baptist came into all the country about Jordan two high priests were in Israel Annas and Caiaphas. Read Luke 3: 2 and 3!

Chapters 1 : 20

And he confessed and denied not but confessed, I am not the Christ

Verse 20: My brothers and sisters in Christ. John the apostle is speaking about John the Baptist. He confessed and didnt lie. That is important what we see here. They the Jews of Jeruzalem the Levites and priests thought that he John was the Christ but he John the Baptist said he was not Christ. No he was send by God as the forerunner of Christ. That he was my brothers and sisters. Read also verse 30 of this first Chapter. 

Chapter 1:21

And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias. And he said

I am not. Art  thou that prophet? An he answered No. 

 

Verse 21:The Levites and priest from Jerusalem kept asking because they wanted to know who John was. They were not satisfied with the answer that he said I am not the Christ. They really wanted to know who he was. Was this to know only because of curiosity or were they really interested in him and what he preached to the people in the wilderness near the river Jordan. No my opinion is that they were not really interested in him because of the fact that they asked him later in verse 25 why he baptized people if he was not the Christ or Elias and neither that prophet was. It was only because of curiosity. Art thou Elias. He said honestly to them that he was not Elias and not that prophet what they thought he was. He say them the truth later in the chapter who he was. That Prophet comes from Deuteronomy 18 verse 15 where we read: The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me: unto Him ye shall hearken" That Prophet with a big P is our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Chapter 1:22

Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give

an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself?

 

Verse 22: The levites and priests who were send from Jerusalem asked again John the Baptist: who art thou? Because that was their task to tell the authorities in Jerusalem who he was: that they could give an answer to them that send them. An then in the end what sayest thou of thyself. What you can see here is that more or less they forced him to say who he was. It was important for the authorities to know who he was. The authorities were the Pharisees. A religious group in Israel at the time when Jesus Christ was on earth. The Pharisees believed in resurrection and angels. Read Acts 23:8!

The apostle Paul originally before his conversion was also a Pharisee. Listen to his words: But when Paul received that the one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council. Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee: of the hope and resurrection of the dead I am called in question Acts 23:6

 

Chapter 1:23

He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness,

Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the 

prophet Esaias

 

Verse 23: This verse let us see the words of Esaias: For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet esaias, saying

The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make His paths straight  Matthew 3:3 Esaias 40: 1-5. John was the voice of one crying and to prepare the way fo the Lord. Make straight in the desert a highway for our God" The purpose of John the Baptist was to receive the Messiah!  The folk Israel was in need of repentance and cleansing from sin  Read Matthew 3:2; 4:17,23!  John preached “the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins” (Mark 1:4; Luke 3:3). Therefore, came Jerusalem and all Judea to John “and were baptized by him in Jordan, confessing their sins” Matthew 3:5,6). So to prepare Israel for their Messiah and entrance into the promised Kingdom, this purifying and cleansing ceremony of the Mosaic Law became especially important! 

Chapter 1:24

And they which were sent were of the Pharisees

Verse 24: To explain again. The ones who were send from Jerusalem were send by the authorities of the Pharisees propably the High Priest at Jerusalem. They had the assignment to find out whom this man John was and than to turn to Jerusalem to tell the leaders of Jerusalem whom he was. They came not in the first place to be baptized by Him because they didn't believe and had no sorrow about their sins. In Matthew we can see and read what John the Baptist said unto them there: But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come unto his baptism, he said unto them. O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance. And think not say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham" Matthew 3: 7-9

Chapter 1:25

And they asked him, and said unto him,

Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that

Christ, nor Elias, neither that prophet?

 

Verse 25: From this verse we can conclude that they really didn't know why John was baptizing people with water if he was not Christ or Elias or that prophet after he explained who he was. We know that water baptism was nothing new for the folk Israel  since they did not ask John what he was doing (John 1:25). The many Old Testament ceremonial washings of the Jews were baptisms. And we’ve already seen “why” he baptized: to identify Israel as God’s priests to the world (Ex.19:6; 29:4). That was it but those from the Pharisees didn't understand it. You see the blindness of them, spiritual blindness. They were religious and believed in the Law of Moses and in the works to do. They brought no fruits meet for repentance. It was a generation of vipers. They were hypocrites. That brings religion with him.  

 

Chapter 1:26

John answered them, saying, I baptize

with water: but there standeth One

among you, Whom ye know not

 

Verse 26:John the Baptist answered them , the Jews, again and said unto them: I baptize with water. In Luke 3 verse 16 we read a similar verse: "John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but One mightier than I cometh, the latchet of Whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire" At the time John told them the One and that is Jesus Christ was among them" He was already in the world but the world didn't know who He was and also the Israelites,Jews didn't know Him. They didn't know that He was their Messiah. Today under this Dispensation of Grace under which we live, a lot of people in this world doesn't know who He is. He is the Savior of this world! Now Christ is in heaven on the right Hand of God. He sits there and He is still rejected by this world. He loves you my dear reader and want

to save you if you have not accepted Him as your Savior. He gave His life for you, yes for you and me He gave His life on Calvary. Don't put off until tomorrow because tomorrow can be to late. Recognize that you are a sinner and that the Lord Jesus Christ died for your sins and that He died to save sinners like you and me. Romans 5:12, Romans 5: 6 and 8, I Corinthians 15:3 and 4. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved Acts 16: 31

Chapter 1 verse 27
He is it, Who coming after me is preferred before me,

whose shoe's latchet i am not worthy to unloose

 

Verse 27: John the Baptist here in this verse is speaking about our Lord Jesus Christ who will come after him, John. Our Lord Jesus Christ was before John the Baptist. God lives from eternity to eternity. Christ is God in the Flesh. He is the Son of God. He was before the world began. Through Him everything is created by God. John the Baptist was the greatest man ever born (Mt.11:11), and so if he wasn’t fit to untie the Lord’s shoe (John 1:27), neither are we my brothers and sisters. If you are not saved, you need to trust Christ as personal Savior Acts 16:31. He is worthy and we are unworthy. God loved us that's why Christ came to earth to die for sinners like you and me and to give us eternal life my dear brothers and sisters. I Timothy 1:15, I Corinthians 15:3-4. 

Chapter 1 verse 28

These things were done in Bethabara beyond

Jordan where John was baptizing

 

verse 28 : What John said to the Pharisees and what he did: baptizing people  was done in Bethabara beyond the river Jordan. All things happened there what we have seen in the verses before this vers. It was in the wilderness and John baptized the people of Jerusalem and Judea.“Bethabara” means “house of passage,” because Israel had to pass over the river Jordan to enter the Promised Land. Exactly the same place John baptized people there with water.  Passing over the river Jordan symbolized death, passing into the next life. John baptized in Bethabara, for baptism was required for salvation (Mark 1:4; 16:16; Acts 2:38), otherwise people couldn’t pass over into eternal life without waterbaptism! They came to him to be baptized and confessing their sins near the river Jordan. The baptism with water was for the forgiveness of sins.  

 

Chapter 1 verse 29

The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him,

and saith Behold the Lamb of God, which

taketh away the sin of the world

 

Verse 29: John the Baptist saw the next day Jesus coming unto him. In Matthew 3 verse 13-17 we read the following verse: Then cometh jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John to be baptized of him. But John forbad Him, sayng I have need to be baptized of thee and comest thou to me? And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness.Then he suffered Him. And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and , lo , the heavens were opened unto Him, and he saw the Spirit of God, descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him: and lo a voice from heaven saying, this is my beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased. This is what happened when John saw Jesus coming unto him and here in this verse he said Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. On what manner the Lord Jesus taketh away the sin of the world that's not told here. This was not revealed to men. They knew only that He was the One Who taketh away the sin of the world. This was His purpose first to taketh the sin of the world. First He had to die for this world, for the folk Israel and later to come back and begin the Kingdom as King and reign as King 1000 years. That was and is the plan for Israel. The people of Israel didn't understand this. They thought He was coming only to save them from their enemies the Romans. They didn't understand that first He had to die on the cross. That's why they rejected Him together with the Romans and later they crucified Him on the cross on Calvary. This was the most cruel death ever. In the epistles of the apostle Paul we know now why our Lord died on that cross on Calvary. In I Timothy 1:15 we read: "This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners" Yes Jesus Christ is the perfect Lamb of God Who died for you an me. Animals blood couldn't take away sin of men. But Jesus Christ His blood is for the forgiveness of sins. Yes He died for you and me on that cross on Calvary because we are sinners my dear brothers and sisters. He took all our sins in His body on that cross on Calvary and paid the full prize for us there. If you don't believe in Him yet why not to believe in Him? Why not believe that He died for you too on that cruel cross on Calvary? "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved" Acts 16:31 If you do that you are saved for all eternity and you will become a new man in Him and your sins be forgiven forevermore. 

Chapter 1 verse 30

This is He of Whom I said, After me cometh a

Man Which is preferred before me: For He was

before me

 

Verse 30: In this verse 30,31  there is another reason to give us why John baptized people: to make Christ “manifest to Israel.” 31. After Him Christ would come and Christ was before John the Baptist and the Chosen One to do the will of the Father and fulfill all righteousness! 

Chapter 1 verse 31

And I knew Him not: but that He should be made manifest to 
Israel, therefore am I com baptizing with water

 

Verse 31: In all his life John the Baptist didn't know the Lord before the Lord Jesus Christ came to him in the river Jordan. He had never seen the Lord Jesus Christ in his life. He John was send by the Lord that Christ should be made manifest to Israel. He, John baptized the people with water and this was for the forgiveness of sins. 

 

Chapter 1 verse 32

And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit

descending from heaven like a dove, and it 

abode upon Him. 

 

Verse 32: What does it mean when John the Baptist say here in this verse he bare record? It means John the Baptist was witness and said I saw the Spirit. That is the Holy Spirit. That Holy Spirit of God descend from heaven like a dove. It was not a dove but like a dove. A dove represents peace of the deepest kind. That's what the Spirit of God was when John the Baptist saw Him descending for heaven. And this Spirit came stayed upon the Lord Jesus Christ. On the moment John had baptized our Lord Jesus Christ. In Luke 3 verse 22 we read: "And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in Thee I am well pleased"

 

Chapter 1 verse 33

And I knew Him not: but He that sent me to baptize with water,

the Same said unto me, Upon Whom thou shalt see the 

Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, the Same is He 

which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost

 

Verse 33: Again we see the same words: I knew Him not. John had not seen the Lord Jesus Christ to man and family John was 

the cousin of the Lord Jesus Christ. Still he had never seen Him before and knew Him not but God Who send John to baptize with water for the forgiveness of sins that same God said unto him. Let him know: upon Whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and remaining on Him, He is the Same Who will baptize with the Holy Ghost. We see here in this verse something which is not said: He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire. We read the last verse in Matthew 3 verse 11. Here in this verse 33 it is missing. We know now why the Lord Jesus Christ not yet had baptized with fire. This had to do with the Judgment Day. This has not yet come and God dealings with Israel to whom John the Baptist spoke is stopped because of their unbelief of their fall Romans 11:11, 25. We live now in a another Dispensation: the Dispensation of the Grace of God Ephesians 3;1-3 my dear brothers and sisters. We are members of the Body of Christ, the Church I Corinthians 12:13 and Israel is for a time set aside. God has inserted this oikonomia, this Dispensation of Grace. This Dispensation whereunder we now live takes now nearly 2000 years. 

Chapter 1 verse 34

And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God

 

Verse 34: With the baptism of our Lord Jesus Christ John saw and witness that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. He heard also that voice from heaven which said: "Thou art my beloved Son; in Thee I am well pleased". So John saw and hear it after the baptism of water: the voice he heard saying this that our Lord was the beloved Son and that God was well pleased in Him. 

 

Chapter 1 verse 35

Again the next day after John stood, and 

two of his disciples

 

Verse 35: John the Baptist had also disciples. What is a disciple? A disciple is a learner. A scholar, sometimes applied to the followers of John the Baptist (Matthew 9:14). And two of his disciples were the next day after that John had baptized the Lord Jesus Christ and they were looking. What they were looking at we see in the next verse. 

Chapter 1 verse 36

And looking upon Jesus as He walked, he saith. Behold the Lamb of God

 

Verse 36: They looked upon Jesus. It must have been a special sight my dear brothers and sisters. We haven't seen Him. We don't see Him on earth. Our Lord Jesus Christ is in heaven on the Right Hand of the Father. Still He is with us because of His Spirit Which lives in us Ephesians 1:13,14. We are sealed by His Spirit. But those disciples of John saw the Lord Jesus Christ on earth, They saw Him walking and John saith to them: Behold the Lamb of God. Jesus Christ is the Lamb of God, the Perfect Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of this world. 

Chapter 1 verse 37

And the two disciples heard Him speak and they 

followed Jesus

 

Verse 37: My brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. The two disciples of John the Baptist, two of his scholars who learned a lot of him heard Christ speaking! They left John and followed Jesus Christ on earth. It must have been something special that they saw Him and heard Him speaking!  He spoke sound Words, really sound Words and the Truth He spoke that's why they followed Him. Later in this chapter we read the Names of the disciples

Chapter 1 verse 38 

The Jesus turned, and saw them following, and saith unto them, 

What seek ye? They said unto Him, Rabbi, (which is to say,

being interpreted, Master) where dwellest thou?

Verse 38: Our Lord turned around because He knew that He has been followed. He knows and knew everything. God knows the hearts of men and what they are doing. Nothing is hidden for Him. He saw them following and asked them where they were looking for. Their answer was unto Him Rabbi. They recognized that He was a Rabbi, a Master and asked Him because they wanted to follow Him and said where dwellest Thou? They wanted not only to know where He lived but also to be with Him. They longed to be with Him that's why they asked Him this. The Words that He spoke were so powerful and mighty and we know Gods Word is. In Hebrews 4 verse 12 we read: "For the Word of God is quick and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the divding asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart"

Chapter 1 verse 39

He saith unto them, Come and see. they came and saw

where He dwelt, and abode with Him that day: for it was

about the tenth hour

 

Verse 39: Our Lord Jesus Christ showed the two disciples of John the Baptist the place where He on that moment dwelt. They asked Him to be with Him that day. Where  are You dwelling may have suggested, if you are to busy now, we can visit later. It was 10 AM. They were so impressed of Jesus Christ. They called Him Rabbi or Master. He told them a lot of Gods Word and this touched their hearts. They wanted to hear more of Him so they asked Him to stay with Him. They were convinced that He was the Messiah, that they found Him!!!

Chapter 1 verse 40
One of the two which heard John speak, and followed Him, was

Andrew, Simon's Peter's brother

 

Verse 40: One of the Disciples of John the Baptist who followed out Lord Jesus Christ on earth was Andrew the brother of Simon Peter. Andrew was with the other disciple so impressed of our Lord Jesus Christ that he found later his brother Simon Peter and brought him to Jesus Christ and the same happened with John who brought his brother James to the Lord. We do not know so much about Andrew but what we see here is very great: To invite his brother Simon Peter to come to the Lord Jesus Christ and be also a disciple of Jesus Christ on earth. Both Andrew and John were their brothers keepers. Not as Cain said to the Lord in Genesis 4:9: And the Lord said unto Cain. Where is Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?  Cain lied to the Lord. He had murdered his brother to death and now he lied too that he didn't know where is brother was and that he have to take care about him. In general my brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ this is the mentallity of the sin nature of men in general: I don't care about anyone else. But here we have these men who followed our Lord on earth much cared about their brothers and brought them to the Lord. It is a real testimony and something to think about it that we as members of the Body of Christ do care about each other and also about unbelievers in this world! Let us not be selfish but let God do the work and love through us to others and share the wonderful Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24, Romans 16: 25-26, I Corinthians 15:3-4, Romans 5:8! 

Chapter 1 verse 41

He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have

found the Messias, which is being interpreted, the Christ

Verse 41: He, that is Andrew, found his brother Simon. Andrew was looking for his brother and found him! And now he surprises his brother very enthousiastic and full sure that he and John had found the Messias. This was really a witness. Messiah is a Hebrew word and means anointed and the Greek word for this is Christ!  Hebrew originally word Mashiach, Messiah. It was really special that Andrew and John former disciples of John the Baptist found the Messiah, Christ and they were convinced of that so they told their brothers too that they have found Him and that they should also follow the Lord Jesus Christ. It is the Word of God which convince us too my brothers and sisters to believe in it! Romans 10:17

Chapter 1 verse 42
And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, He 

said, Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called

Cephas, which is by interpretation , A stone. 

 

Verse 42: After Andrew had found his brother Simon and told him about the Messiah, Christ which is Anointed One, he brought Simon or Peter to the Lord Jesus Christ and Jesus Christ beheld him, Simon. What does the word beheld mean?  To gaze upon ! So our Lord was gaze upon Simon when Simon was brought by his brother Andrew to the Lord. He, our Lord said something very special to Simon. He knew that Simon was the son of Jona and he told Simon this. Our Lord did know everything because He was God Himself in the flesh. That's why he told Simon: thou art the son of Jona. And now it comes: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is by interpretation a stone. The Name of Simon was changed into Cephas or Peter. It changed Simon's  life: Peter in Greek language and Cephas in Aramaic. Peter was originally a weak person but through the Lord he became a strong person in Christ and that's why he got a new Name and that is interpreted stone. Later he became the leader of the 12 apostles. The Lord gave him a lot of responsibilities later! 

Chapter 1 verse 43

The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee and

findeth Philip and saith unto him, Follow me

 

Verse 43: Our Lord Jesus Christ went into the land of Galilee. He went there with a purpose: to call men to be His disciples! And He, the Lord Jesus Christ found Philip. And He said to Philip: Follow me. It would have been impressed Philip so much like the other disciples too that he immediately after hearing this call he followed our Lord on earth. Andrew and Peter were fishermen and lived near the Sea of Gallilee, Sea of Tiberias also known. They were also called and we read that in Matthew 4 verse 18-21: "And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. And they straigthway left their nets, and followed Him". It is very remarkable here in this last verse that they immediately left their nets and followed Him. They heard His call and His Word I will make you fishers of men. This was so special that they couldn't refuse and they obeyed Him and followed Him. 

     My wife and me were last year there on this Sea and it is beautiful Sea! It has the form of a harp and special in the morning when you see the Sunrise there it is very beautiful and it is a peaceful and quiet place!  I love that place and it made a big impression on me. When you are there you think back to the Four Gospels and realize that our Lord Jesus Christ walked there and spoke the Word of God there to the people.

    Now Philip we see in the next verse came from Bethsaida near the Sea of Galilee and this we have also seen. This was also a beautiful place. We saw the rests of the Synagogue and the house of Peter's mother in Law. So our Lord called Philip there in the neigbourhood of his home and called him to be a disciple.  The disciples were not learned men. They were simple people. In Acts 4 verse 13 we read: Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus. 

Chapter 1 verse 44

Now Philip was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter

 

Verse 44: All three men came from Bethsaida: Philip, Andrew and Peter. Was this by chance? No it wasn't. There is no coincidence with God. God knew before He would call this 3 men from the same city. God is omniscient!  He knows everything and knows the heart of men. Jesus Christ called those men: Two of them were fishers, simple men. Not wise in the eyes of men in this world. Let us read I Corinthians 1 verse 26: "For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble are called" And this is now my brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ: most people in the Body of Christ, the Church are not wise persons, not many are learned people. Why not? The answer is that for learned men, Academici or intellectuals it is very difficult to receive the Word of God and to learn the wisdom of God. It will not say that there are not learned men or women in the Body of Christ. There are but they are in the minority. 

Chapter 1 verse 45

Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him. We have found 

Him, of whom Moses in the Law and the prophets, did write,

Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.

Verse 45:Philip became a follower of Christ, he became a disciple and he was so impressed through our Lord and what He spoke to the people that he find Nathanael. Probably Nathanael was a friend of Philip and Philip told him: we have found Him! What a big joy this must have been!!! For them to find the Lord Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph!!! In Deuteronomy 18 verse 15 we read there: "The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me: unto Him ye shall hearken. In this verse Moses is telling the people of Israel that there will be a Prophet come in the midst of them in the future and like Moses and to Him they shall hearken. In Luke 24 verse 27 the Lord explained to the men going to Emmaus the following words: "And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, He expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself"  The Scriptures confirmed that there is written about our Lord Jesus Christ, about His coming to earth: in the Law and under the prophets. He came from Nazareth and the son of Joseph according the human line. 

Chapter 1 verse 46
And Nathanael said unto him, Can there any good thing

come out of Nazareth? Philip saith unto him, 

Come and see

 

Verse 46: See the answer here in this verse of Nathanael to Philip his friend; Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Nathanael was not enthousiastic in the first place. He couldn't believe what Philip told him. Our Lord was born in Bethlehem but grew up in Nazareth and bore that stigma: our Lord was called a Nazarene Matthew 2: 23. A Nazarene meant to be looked down on and rejected. So Nathanael argued here and disappointed but Philip took the words of our Lord and remained enthousiastic and said to Nathanael: Come and see. It is first come with me and see and your judgements will maybe disappear! Come is the great invitation of God's Grace. 

Chapter 1 verse 47

Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him,

and saith of him. Behold an Israelite

indeed, in whom is no guile!

 

 

Verse 47: Philip brought Nathanael to our Lord Jesus and Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him. Nathanael was a Israelite and in him was no guile. Our Lord was referring to Jacob, the ancestor of the Jews. Jacob's Name was later changed in Israel, a prince with God. After his name was changed Jacob now in Israel there was no guile in him. Before his name was changed into Israel he had beguiled people like his father and Laban 

Chapter 1 verse 48

Nathanael saith unto Him, Whence knowest thou me?

Jesus answered and said unto him. Before that Philip

called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee. 

 

Verse 48: Nathanael was a little bit surprised by this and asked our Lord how he did know him. The Lord told him

that He saw him already under the fig tree before Philip called him. This let us see that our Lord knowed, knows everything

and He is more on one place. He is everywhere! He is omniscient. This is how He is. That our Lord revealed His knowledge of Nathanael hwre he had been and what he had been doing, the was enough to convince the man that Jesus Christ was the Son of God. And we see in the next verse what Nathanael said to our Lord Jesus Christ. Nathanael became convinced that Jesus was indeed the Son of God

Chapter 1 verse 49

Nathanael answered and saith unto Him, Rabbi, thou art the Son

of God; thou art the King of Israel

 

Verse 49: Nathanael was convinced of our Lord and answered and confirmed that Jesus Christ was and is Rabbi Master! And more he said listen and read carefully: thou art the Son of God! Thou art the King of Israel. King of Israel is the title similar to Messiah, the Anointed One. Kings weer always God's anointed  In Psalm 2 verse 6 and 7 we read: "Yet have I set my King upon my Holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. This Psalm is speaking about our Lord Jesus Christ: He is the Son of God and God tells Him here in this verses that!

Chapter 1 verse 50

Jesus answered and said unto him, Because I said

unto thee, I saw thee under the fig tree, believest thou?

Thou shalt see greater things than these

 

Verse 50: Nathanael believed what the Lord told him that He saw him under the fig tree. Above this our Lord Jesus told Nathanael that he should see greater things than these because Nathanael became a disciple of our Lord on earth and in the 3 years of His ministry our Lord showed His disciples a lot of miracles and wonders He did. At the close of this fourth day our Lord Jesus Christ had six believing men who were His disciples. It was the half of His disciples He had already. The days after 6 other persons would be His disciples until 12 disciples. 12 Disciples because of the twelve Tribes of Israel and that they will reign with our Lord Jesus Christ when He will be King of Israel in the 1000 year Reign, the Millenial Kingdom on earth over the twelve Tribes of Israel. In Luke 22 verse 29 30 our Lord told his disciples: And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; That ye may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom, and sist on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel" 

Chapter 1 verse 51

And He saith unto him, Verily verily, I say unto you,

Hereafter ye shall see heaven open, and the

angels of God ascending and descending

upon the Son of man

 

Verse 51: Here we see Son of man and that is one of our Lord's favorite titles for Himself. This Son of man is 83 times used in the four Gospels and at least 13 times in the Gospel according to John. This title let you see both Deity and humanity of Jesus Christ. In Daniel 7 verse 13 we read the following words: "I saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven and came to the Ancient of days and they brought him near before Him. The Son of man is the living link between heaven and earth. This is why our Lord spoke to Nathanael and the other disciples about the Jacob's ladder in Genesis 28. The Ladder is Christ and Christ is God's Ladder and God had send the angels to guard and guide Him. So the conclusion is that God's ladder is Christ between heaven and earth. In John 14 verse 6 we read: No man cometh to the Father, but by Me" The witness of this whole chapter is clear: Jesus of Nazareth is God come in the flesh! 

 

End of Chapter I

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Chapter 2

Introduction:

This chapter 2 is about the first miracle of Our Lord when He began His ministry on

earth and about the confrontation with the Jews at Jerusalem (temple) and about

foreseing His dying, grave and standing up from the death

 

Chapter 2 verse 1 and 2

And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee;

and the mother of Jesus was there. And both Jesus was called

and His disciples, to the marriage

 

Verse 1 and 2:

 Our Lord Jesus Christ was still in Galilee and He and His disciples were invited on a marriage. On this same marriage the mother of Jesus Mary was invited too  Apperently Mary knew the couple which were married and the families and friends too because otherwise she was not invited. Joseph her husband is not mentioned here. Could be that Joseph died already because the Bible does not mentioned him when Jesus Christ began His earthly ministry. Three days here in this verse means three days after the call of Nathanael. So our Lord was invited to come to the marriage in Cana and He accepted this social event. He was accompanied by His mother and His six disciples. Our Lord was not well known by people because He did not miracles in that time. Probably His relationship with Mary brought Him to this place, to this wedding! 

 

Chapter 2 verse 3

And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith

unto Him, They have no wine

Verse 3: A marriage or a wedding day without wine in the time our Lord was on earth was very annoying. People couldn't continue the wedding day without wine because the wine made them happy on such a day. It was for the groom to have adequate provisions. It would be embarrassing to run out of either food or wine. So to run out of wine could be costly both financially and socially. Mary reported this problem to our Lord Jesus Christ. She wanted that He did something to change this that is why she saith to Him They have no wine. Probably she expected that He would do something. The wine was up. This let us see that she didn't trust in our Lord and let us also see that she is a sinner just like you and me. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 4

Jesus saith unto her, Woman what have I 

to do with thee?  Mine hour is not yet come

Verse 4: Woman what our Lord saith to Mary is a polite way to address her. With other words why are you getting Me involved in this matter our Lord told her in fact. From that time on He would be doing what the Father wanted Him to do. He was making her clear with these words taht he no longer was under her supervision. Joseph his father already died. Our Lord lived on a heavenly timetable marked out for Him by the Father that's why He saith to her Mine hour is not yet come. The hour would come but not on that moment was His hour. The hour that that he was captured by corrupt men and they would beat Him and they would crucify Him on the cross on Calvary: that He would die for mankind on that cross and bear the sin of this world from every men. 

Chapter 2 verse 5

His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever He saith unto

you, do it

 

Verse 5: What she told the servants here let us see that Mary was willing to let her Son do whatever He pleased, that she has trusted Him to do what was right. A note here in these verses is that our Lord Jesus Christ solved the problem and not Mary because she couldn't solve the problem what had arisen that there was no wine anymore. He Christ took command and solved the problem and Mary pointed not to herself but to our Lord Jesus Christ. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 6

And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after 

the manner of purifying of the Jews containing

two of three firkins apiece

 

Verse 6: Six waterpots of stone were standing there. Each of the six stone waterpots could contain about twenty gallons each. What is a gallon? A gallon is 3,7 litres so twenty gallons is about 74 a 75 litres. That is a lot my dear brothers and sisters. This water in the waterpots was for the purifying of the Jews. In that time when God handled with Israel water was for purifying. That's why you had a lot of water rituals of purifying. Two of three firkins apiece. About 120 litres. That is much my brother and sisters. In the following verses we see what happened with the water in the pots. 

Chapter 2 verse 7

Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they

filled them up to the brim

 

Verse 7: Our Lord saith to the servants: Fill the waterpots with water. Each waterpot about 75 litres of water. That is in total about 450 litres of water because the filled them up to the brim and that is the top of the waterpot. They all were filled like this. The Bible does not mention here when the miracle happened. Maybe it was after the filling of water or directly when they put the water in it that it was changed into wine. They, the servants anyway obeyed our Lord Jesus Christ and filled them with water up to the brim. They obeyed His authority and did it and later they knew that He changed the water into wine: that the miracle He did had taken place before their eyes. 

Chapter 2 verse 8

And He saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the 

governor of the feast. and they bare it. 

 

Verse 8: After filling the waterpots with water the Lord told the servants of the feast to draw out and bear unto the 

governor of the feast. Still they obeyed Him. They trusted Him and obeyed His voice. They accepted His authority. They had to bear what they draw out and bring it to the governor of the feast. Think the words He saith was with authority and very impressive so the servants obeyed it. The servants drew out  and served was transformed into wine. What a miracle was this: water changed into wine. Our Lord did it! 

Chapter 2 verse 9

When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water

that was made wine, and knew not 

whence it was (but the servants which drew the

water knew the governor of the feast called the

bridegroom

 

Verse 9: The governor or ruler of the feast had tasted the water what they, the servants brought to him and tasted wine but he didn't know where the wine came from because there was no wine before so that was a little bit strange. The servants who brought him the wine to taste knew that the water was made into wine. The governor didn't know who did this and where the wine came from. He called after tasting the bridegroom to let him know that there was still wine at the feast. He didn't know, realize that this was a miracle done by our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Chapter 2 verse 10

And saith unto him. Every man at the beginning

doth set forth good wine; and when men have well

drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept

the good wine until now

Verse 10: The governor saith to the bridegroom something remarkable that every man at the beginning give the good wine and the worst wine, the not so good wine they serve at the end of the feast. But he said to him thou hast kept the good wine for the end, until now. He thought the bridegroom had the good wine in the end but didn't know who had changed water into wine and made it a possible feast till the end. It was our Lord Jesus Christ Who did this miracle changing water into wine and it was very good wine!

Chapter 2 verse 11

This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and 

manifested forth His glory; and His disciples

believed on Him. 

 

Verse 11 In Cana our Lord Jesus Christ began His miracles. Why He started with miracles? First we see here to let the people of Israel to manifest forth His Glory that they could see that He was and is God. Second when God was busy with His folk Israel miracles and wonders happened for their eyes. Why was this? In I Corinthians 1 verse 22 we read: For the Jews reguire a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom" The Jews asked always signs and wonders otherwise they wouldn't believe in God. We are of the Gentiles and the Greeks here in this verse are Gentiles: we seek after wisdom. The wisdom of God is in His Word the Bible now to read and now specially for us as members of the Body of Christ the epistles of the apostle Paul: Romans until the end of Philemon. We see here that His disciples believed on Him. They trusted Him although a lot was not clear for them. Later after Christ's ressurection from the dead they began to understand more. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 12

After this He went down to Capernaum, He, and His mother, and His brethren,

and His disciples: and they continued there not many days

 

Verse 12:  From Cana where our Lord did His first miracle before the Jews He went down to Caparnaum. Capernaum now was on the sea of Galilee while Cana was more inland. How He went down. That means that Cana was a more higher place than Capernaum. In Capernaum was a synagoge of the Jews. Last year in Israel we saw the place Capernaum and also rests of a synagoge! It was very impressive to see this all! He went not by His own, no. His mother and His brethren and His disciples accompanied Him to Capernaum. Capernaum was also in Galilee and our Lord went a lot of times to Galilee. He stayed there in Capernaum with His mother and brethren and disciples not many days. Who were His brethren? I believe they were His brethren according the flesh. Joseph and Mary got more sons according the flesh and they were James, Joseph/Joses, Simon and Judah or Jude and our Lord had also sisters. In Matthew 12 verse 46 until verse 49 we read: "While He yet talked to the people, behold His mother and His brethren stood without, desiring to speak with Him. Then one said unto Him, Behold thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with Thee. But He answered and said unto him that told Him, Who is my mother? And who are my brethren? This is remarkable because in John 7 verse 5 we read later For neither did His brethren believe in Him. They accompanied here our Lord to Capernaum because they were with their mother also on the wedding feast and after the miracle they went with Him to Capernaum because of their mother. Joseph their father was not anymore in the picture. Probably he died already. 

Chapter 2 verse 13

And the Jews passover was at hand 

and Jesus went up to Jerusalem

 

Verse 13: The Jewish Passover was at hand. What was the Passover? First this: Each Jewish man was required to attend three anual feasts at the Holy City Jerusalem. That was the Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles. In Deuteronomy 16 verse 16 we read the following verse: Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the Lord empty"  The Passover was fhe first  and this was the feast of unleavened bread. We read in Deuteronomy 16 verses 1-3 the following: "Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover unto the Lord thy God: for in the month of Abib the Lord thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. Thou shalt therefore sacrifice God of the flock and the herd, in the place which the Lord shall choose to place His name there. Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of afflication; for thou camest forst out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life"  This the Lord decided for His folk Israel and they had to keep this law. So this was written to Israel when God was dealing with them. When our Lord was on earth God was dealing with Israel. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 14

And found in the temple those

that sold oxen en sheep and doves,

and the changers of money sitting

Verse 14: Our Lord Jesus Christ went with the Passover to Jerusalem because this was written in the law as male to visit Jerusalem 3 times a year and the first time was the Passover. He went to the temple and found in the temple those who sold oxen, sheep, doves and the changers of money were also sitting there. The temple in Jerusalem was in the time our Lord was on earth the House of His Father. God was in the temple. Our Lord was faithful to the Law. The temple was made into a business instead a religious market as it used to be. People were selling animals and there were changers sitting there for the money because a lot of Jewish people who lived outside Israel came in those days to Jerusalem to worship God in the temple. The temple was not made for selling things like animals and changing money but people made of this a business in the temple because this was the centre of Jerusalem and everyone came here. They had left God who did this and went their own ways. Obeying the law they (Israel) could not hold it. It is the same today. How more laws there are in a country how more violations

 

Chapter 2 verse 15

And when He had made a scourge of small cords, He drove

them all out of the temple, and the sheep and the oxen; 

and poured out the changers money, and overthrew the tables

 

Verse 15: We see here in this verse the Lord Jesus in action because the temple in Jerusalem which was His Fathers house was defiled! He came in action. He made a scourge of small cords and drove them all out of the temple. He was cleansing by this action the temple, His Fathers house. It was not a place of ministry anymore but the people had made it a place of business. That He stopped by this action. He drove all the people out with sheep, oxen and poured out the changers money and overthrew the tables! He couldn't see anymore this kind of business in His Father's temple. It was the house of God! In this our Lord was right and what He did was right, upright! 

Chapter 2 verse 16

And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence;

make not my Fathers house an house of merchandise

 

Verse 16: The Lord is very clear here to the men who sold doves and other things: take the doves with you 

and all the things you have and disappear, go away! So our Lord drove them not only out of the temple but 

told them also to leave the temple and make not the temple which was His Fathers house an house of 

merchandise. The Fathers house, the temple was a place of worship and service for the Lord and not a place

to handle in animals and changing money. This let you see how deep the folk was away from God's standards and

rules under the Law. They didn't remember anymore for what purpose the temple was made for. That's why our Lord

told them not to make His Father's house an house of merchandise. We as members of the Body of Christ now are the

temple of the Holy Ghost. God is now living in us through His Spirit Ephesians 1:13 and 14. I Corinthians 6 verse 19 tells

us the following: What? Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of 

God, and ye are not your own? So to neglect your body is not good for you and me to do as members of the Body of Christ. 

Chapter 2 verse 17

And His disciples remembered that it was written

The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up

 

Verse 17: From Psalm 69 verse 10 this verse is taken and we read there in this Psalm the following words: For the zeal  of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me" Psalm 69 is definitely a psalm about the Messiah. Our Lord cleansed the temple and He declared war on the hypocritical and religious leaders of Israel and this led to His death. That's why it is written here His zeal for God's house did eat Him up! He also revealed His zeal through giving His life. This brings us to the following verse! 

Chapter 2 verse 18

Then answered the Jews and said unto Him. What

sign shewest thou unto us seeing that thou doest

these things

 

Verse 18: The Jewish religious people and leaders were asking here for a sign from our Lord. They wanted to know by what authority He did this: to make the temple, His Fathers house clean? The Jews asked always signs. Again in I Corinthians 1: 22 we read For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom" As long as God was dealing with Israel they require signs from God otherwise they didn't believe. In John 6 verse 30 we see: "They said therefore unto Him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe Thee? Waht dost thou work? Often during His ministry the Jews and specially the leaders asked our Lord Jesus to give them a sign. He refused to do so except the sign of Jonah in Matthew 12:39. The sign of Jonah is death, burial and resurrection. We from the nations from nature we search for wisdom and not for signs. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 19

Jesus answered and sait unto them

Destroy this temple, and in 

three days I will raise it up

 

Verse 19: Our Lord Jesus Christ used the temple as example to convey the truth: Destroy this temple He said. What He meant here was His body and in three days I will raise it up! The Jews and leaders were spiritually blind so they couldn't understand Him what He was saying to them. There became a misunderstanding about this. Herod's temple was started in 20 B.C. . How could one man say Raise it up in three days? This fact was of course a prediction of His own death and resurrection of the dead after 3 three days. His disciples remembered after His resurrection these words of Him. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 20

Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this

temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in 

three days? 

Verse 20: The Jews didn't understand His Words to them: Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. They were very amazed when He told them this. They couldn't believe that's why they asked Him: thou wilt rear it up in three days? How can this be? But the Jews were spiritually blind. They misunderstood  what He was saying. They thought He was speaking about the temple, His Fathers house. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 21

But He spake of the temple of His body

 

Verse 21: Our Lord spoke about His Own Body when He spoke about this temple to destroy and in three days I will raise it up. They couldn't understand Him because they were spiritually blind. This is said about the Jews, the religious Jews people. John in his Gospel he described the following: first the slaying of the Lamb in John 1:29. The destroying of the temple is the second one John 2:19 and the third picture is of the serpent lifted up John 3:14. We now know that the Saviour would be made sin for us. I Peter 2:24 and for the folk Israel, His death was complete voluntary. The Shepherd would lay down His life for the sheep. But the death couldn't hold Him because He rose from the dead after three days. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 22

When therefore He was risen from the dead, His disciples remembered

that he had said this unto them; and they believed the Scriptures

and the Word which Jesus had said. 

 

Verse 22: After He was risen from the dead His disciple rembembered His Word what He had told them. They 

believed the Scriptures, they believes God's Word. The Jews who asked Him in verse 20 didn't rembember or

wished not to remember His Words. The disciples from our Lord believed the Scriptures. Again we read in Romans

10 verse 17: "So then faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the Word of God. So faith or belief, trusting, cometh

always by hearing and hearing by the Word of God. Our Lord spoke the Word of God because He was and is God Himself in the flesh. These Words were so impressive that they remembered those Words He spoke later when He was risen from the dead!

The temple His Body is the temple and there was no need for the Jewish temple. These words He spoke let us see the end of the Jewish religious system. The legal system has ended and Grace and truth have come through Jesus Christ and it came my dear brothers and sisters and now we live under Gods Grace and not under the Law anymore. Jesus Christ is the new Sacrifice and the New temple

Chapter 2 verse 23

Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover

in the feast day, many believed in His Name,

when they saw the miracles which He did

 

Verse 23: Our Lord Jesus Christ was in Jerusalem at the Passover and in the feast day and many believed in Him because

of the miracles He did before their eyes. Jews asking always for signs. That's why our Lord did a lot of miracles before their eyes. He healed a lot of people in His earthly ministry,  who were sick. Here in this verse it is not written what He precisely did for miracles. They believed in Him but He didn't believe in them. He knew what was in their hearts, He knew what was in men. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 24

But Jesus did not commit Himself unto them,

because He knew all men

 

Verse 24: What is the meaning of this verse my dear brothers and sister: Jesus did not commit Himself unto them. Why not? The answer is because He knew all men, He knew their hearts.  He knew that in general men of Israel did not have God's love in their hearts and that is the reason He did not commit Himself unto them. He is and was God in the flesh that dwelled here on earth in Israel. God knows everything and knows every heart, still today my dear brothers and sisters. If we read further on in the gospel according to John we see Jesus Christ moving gradually out  of the bright light of popularity into the dark shadows of rejection. In the beginning it was easy for the people to follow the crowd and watch His miracles but then His Words He began to tell them reached their hearts to conviction and following Him to conversion or opposition. People decided and most of the people in Israel decided to be against Him. 

 

Chapter 2 verse 25

And needed not that any should testify of man:

for He knew what was in man

 

Verse 25: Our Lord knew what was in man. This accurate knowledge of the human heart is anotherf evidence of His Deity for only God can see the inner person. Our Lord needed not that any man should testify of man. Because man is a sinner Romans 5:12. and not to trust so the testimony of man isn't perfect. So that's why he needed not that any should testify of man. 

 

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Chapter 3 verse 1

There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a

ruler of the Jews

Verse 1 This chapter starts with a man who's name is Nicodemus. A man of the Pharisees. What was a Pharisee? A Pharisee was a member of a Jewish religious party that flourished in Palestine during the latter part of the Second Temple period (515 BCE–70 CE). The Pharisees believed in the resurrection of the dead and in angels. The Sadducees the other religious party say that there is no ressurection nor angels, nor spirit. Acts 23 verse 8. So Nicodemus was one of the Pharisees and a ruler of the Jews! The Pharisees believed in the Law of Moses and had also their own rules. They tried the people of the folk to impose this. 

Chapter 3 verse 2

The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto Him, Rabbi

we know that Thou art a teacher come from God: for no

man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be

with him

Verse 2: Nicodemus had seen Jesus during the days and heard Him speaking and saw the miracles our Lord did. In this verse we read that Nicodemus had a great respect for our Lord. Nicodemus was a Pharisee we know and lived by the strickest possible religious rules. Nicodemus was not as many Pharisees who were hypocrites. He was deeply sincere searching for the truth. And he came by night, not by day. Why not? Was he afraid  to be seen with our Lord Jesus? No it was probably that during the night he had a more quiet conversation with out Lord. He called our Lord Rabbi and than he said we know. This is plural because Nicodemus represented the Pharisees here with we and later our Lord responded with the plural ye! Now Nicodemus was a man of high moral character, deep religious hunger but spiritual blind. He acknowledged and the pharisees with him that our Lord was a Special Person come from God because no man can do the miracles He did. God must have been with this Rabbi, otherwise all those miracles He did couldn't happen!  In this Nicodemus had a lot of respect for our Lord. Still he was not saved. 

Chapter 3 verse 3

Jesus answered and said unto him, 

Verily, verily, I say unto thee, 

Except a man be born again he cannot

see the kingdom of God

 

Verse 3: Our Lord gives His answer and that is Except a man be born again he cannot see the kingdom of God. Man must be born again. Born again here means from above. Our Lord was speaking of a supernatural birth from above. If a man has a supernatural birth from above than he can see the kingdom of God. Our Lord is here speaking about a spiritual birth. Not a physical birth but Nicodemus didn't understand what Jesus Christ was saying here because we read his reaction in the next verse. What does it mean verily verily? It means most assuredly or very truly. It connotes a strong affirmation. Our Lord used this often in the four gospels Only in the Gospel according to John our Lord used this 24 times. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 4

Nicodemus saith unto Him, How can a man be born

when he is old? Can he enter the second time into

his mother's womb, and be born? 

Verse 4: Nicodemus didn't understand the words of our Lord Jesus Christ. He was a teacher and a pharisee. He thought only of a physical bith. He was not a believer so to understand God's Word you have this to understand through God's Spirit. We see here very clear the blindness of man. The natural man cannot see, he is blind for the things of God and His Word. 

Chapter 3 verse 5

Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the

Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God

 

Verse 5: To enter the Kingdom of God a man must be born again. Be born of water and of the Spirit. The “water” here is water baptism, without which you could not be saved under the kingdom program (Mark 1:4; 16:16; Acts 2:38). But it was believing and be baptized otherwise you couldn't enter the Kingdom. Be born again here we see this later also on Pentecost that people were under control of the Holy Spirit and couldn't sin. The working was different than nowadays : as a man or woman accept now  the Lord Jesus Christ as personal Savior he or she is immediately a new man in Christ and God's Spirit is living in that person immediately Ephesians 1;13, 14. Be born again here in this verse you can see this later on Pentecost: people believed and were baptized and after that they were under control of the Holy Spirit and couldn't sin. We as members of the Body of Christ can still sin but we are forgiven by the blood of Christ. We are not under control of the Holy Spirit. We as members of the Body of Christ there are verses about this: For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so tha tye cannot do the things that ye would. But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law  Galatians 5: 17-18.

Chapter 3 verse 6

That wich is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is

born of the Spirit is spirit. 

Verse 6: Being “born of the flesh” (John 3:6) is a reference to your first birth, a birth that brings us into this world spiritually unclean (Job 14:1-4; 25:4) and unrighteous (15:14) and without God!  Be born of the Spirit is spirit. That means that a person who was in that dispensation, under the Kingdom program,  born of the Spirit he couldn't sin. That person was under control of the Holy Spirit. We see this on Pentecost in Acts 2, 3 4!

Chapter 3 verse 7

Marvel not that I said unto thee, ye must be born again

Verse 7: Again our Lord told Nicodemus that he must be born again. Nicodemus wasn't born again. And Nicodemus has not to be asthonished about it. 

Chapter 3 verse 8

The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, 

but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is 

every one that is born of the Spirit

 

Verse 8: What did our Lord Jesus Christ mean when He likened those born of the Spirit to the wind (John 3:8)? The answer is that He was speaking about the mechanics of the new birth. He told Nicodemus that he was never to be able to figure out how men are born again. He was saying, “You can’t figure out a thing as simple as where the wind comes from or where it goes, so how can you figure out the new birth?” We read in Ecclesiastes 11:4 and 5 the following verses: " He that observeth the wind shall not sow, and He that regardeth the clouds shall not reap. As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the bones do grow in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God Who maketh all" With his natural spirit, man cannot understand this and comprehend it. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 9

Nicodemus answered and said unto Him. How can

these things be? 

Verse 9: Nicodemus still couldn’t figure out how a Jew needed to be born again (John 3:9), so the Lord asked him for not knowing this (v.10)? We continue in verse 10 for this. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 10

Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel,

and knowest not these things?

 

Verse 10: Our Lord answered Nicodemus and said unto him. You are a master, you are a teacher, you are one of the leaders of Israel and you don't know these things? What didn't Nicodomus not know? Just before in verse 8: The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit" But if this is the first time the phrase “born again” appears, how could Nicodemus have to know this? Ah, but he was “a master” in Israel (3:10), he was a leader and not just a follower. As a leader, he should have noticed that throughout Israel’s history, God always rejected the firstborn, and accepted the second born, as He did with Ishmael & Isaac, Esau & Jacob, and Manasseh & Ephraim. So that's why the Lord asked him here this. 

Chapter 3 verse 11

Verily, verily , I say unto thee, We

speak that we know, and testify 

that we have seen; and ye receive

not our witness

 

Verse 11: The Lord goes on speaking to Nicodemus. The conclusion of this verse He spoke to Nicodemus was that religious leaders as Nicodemus claimed to believe Moses yet they could not believe in our Lord. They didn't receive the witness and authority of Christ. He and His Father were One. That was the problem our Lord saw in Nicodemus and all the other leaders, Pharisees etc. 

Chapter 3 verse 12

If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not,

how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things? 

 

Verse 12: If our Lord told earthtly things to Nicodemus and he believed not, how could our Lord to share the deep spiritual truths? The lasts Nicodemus coudn't understand because he believed them not. In Hebrews 5 verse 12 we read: "For when for the time ye ought one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat" Nicodemus and the other leaders were spiritually blinded and need first the milk to hear. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 13

And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but He that came down from heaven, 

even the Son of man which is in heaven

 

Verse 13: No man had ascended to heaven except the Son The only one qualified to talk about heavenly things is one who had been to heaven —Christ! Christ came down from heaven. The Lord stopped talking in Verse 12 and here in this verse John is speaking, writing years later after the Lord ascended into heaven. Many times in the four Gospels our Lord is named the Son of man. “Son of God” speaks of our Lord’s Deity and the term “Son of David” speaks about His title as King of Israel, so the term “Son of Man” identifies Him as  Representative of mankind in general.

Chapter 3 verse 14

And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son

of man be lifted up: 

Verse 14: Lifted up was a reference to Christ's  death on the cross. We read to John 12:32, 33: "And I , if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Me. This he said , signifying what death he should die. He died on the cross on Calvary. He died for all mankind, for you and me on that cross on Calvary.  Men could only be saved by looking at the brazen serpent, a type of how men can only be saved from sin through Jesus Christ. He is represented by a serpent here  because He was made sin for us! Let us read II Corinthians 5: 21: "For He hath made Him to be sin for us, Who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 15

That whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have eternal life

 

Verse 15: Everyone who believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life. We know and that is because we have the whole Bible and we live under a new Dispensation, the Dispensation of Grace, that the whole world has been bitten by sin Romans 5:12 and that the wages of sin is death Romans 6:23. God send His Son to die, not only for Israel but for the whole world. Here in this verse God was only dealing with Israel. So people under the Kingdom program have to believe on Him by looking to Him in faith and believe in His Name and have eternal life. It was not made known that Jesus Christ died for our sins  here and that He is risen from the dead I Corinthians 15:3-4. Later was this made known and first to the apostle Paul. So we can use this verse in combination with verses from the epistles of the apostle Paul. Only to use this verse for evangelizing is not enough. 

Chapter 3 verse 16

For God so loved the world, that He gave His only

begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him

should not perish, but have everlasting life

 

Verse 16: A very famous verse of the Bible and used by thousand and thousand of men for evangelizing and to confront people with the belief in Jesus Christ! Most organizations and local churches use this verse for telling the Good News to people. John 3:16. But can someone be saved by reading just this one verse? The answer is no, this verse contains not all the information you need to be saved!  And second we read that God “gave” His Son!  A lot of people think it means that He gave Him to die on the cross. But that is not what it says, and that is not what it means. In the Bible, when it talks about sons being given, it is referring to how they are given in birth (Gen. 30:6; 48:9). And that is also what it means when it says God gave His Son. We read in Isaiah 9 verse 6 the following verse: For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government shall be upon His shoulder: and His Name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.  It is true that John 3 verse 16 speaks of “whosoever believeth on Him,” but  there are a lot of people in this world who believe He was a real person, even “a teacher come from God” (3:2), but this isn’t enough to save you. You must believe He died for your sins and rose again I Corinthians 15:3-4. Read this for yourself! 

 

Chapter 3 verse 17

For God sent not His Son into the world to condemn the world; 

but that that world through Him might be saved

 

Verse 17: No God send not His Son into the world to condemn the world. That was not the purpose. Who would think that Godt His Son to condemn us?  Anyone who had read the Old Testament! After hearing about all the sin and rebellion, you will think God would send His Son to condemn us! And you still think that, after He arrived and lived a sinless life, making us all look bad by comparison, seemingly giving God an excuse to condemn us. No wonder John has to say this is not why He was sent! No He send His Son to the world that the world through Him might be saved. The word “world” is a key word in John’s gospel, being used 80 times, God's plan here is to intent  to reach the world through Israel. Israel was the blessing channel through Christ! 

Chapter 3 verse 18

He that believeth on Him is not condemned: but he that believeth

not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in

the name of the only begotten Son of God

 

Verse 18: My brothers and sisters this is also a general verse in the Bible, God's Word! He, individual person, that believeth on Him is not condemned. He or she is saved we know now because we have the whole Bible. In the time of John when he wrote this Gospel about the life of our Lord Jesus Christ  on earth they hadn't the Bible complete. The mystery which God revealed to the apostle Paul was not yet known by men so it was in that time of our Lord Jesus Christ on earth to believe on Him and that He was send by His Father in heaven and they had to believe in His Name to not be condemned. So this verse you can use only with more verses from the epistles of the apostle Paul to make it very clear to people. From birth we are in Adam and by this we are by nature condemned and separated from God except we begin to believe and accet our God and Savior Jesus Christ as personal Savior. For sure the person who doesn't believe in Him is already condemned.  Of course, this is not what most people believe in this world because most people  believe that we are all born good and headed for heaven, and have to do something really bad to blow it and go to hell. So this is wat natural man thinks. John speaks of believing “in the name” of the Lord and not In His blood what we can read in Romans 3 verse 25: "Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in His blood, to declare His righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God"

Chapter 3 verse 19

And this is the condemnation, that light is come

into the world, and men loved darkness rather

than light, because their deeds were evil

 

Verse 19: Light and darkness! This is what this verse means. The question is why sinners not come into the light of life? Here in this verse not and now under the Dispensation of Gods Grace in general not much sinners come to the Light. That light is Christ my dear brothers and sisters. The answer is that they hate the light and love the darkness. They love the evil because all their deeds are evil because they are sinners. They want to stay in their evil deeds and this keeps them from coming to the Light and that is Christ! Christ came into to world and first He came for His own what we see here but Israel rejected Him together with the Gentiles and later through the epistles of the apostle Paul who describes Israels fall Romans 11:11, 25, we know now that Christ came to this world to save sinners! Like you and me my dear brothers and sisters! This we know because we have the whole Bible and God's Word is complete my dear brother and sister!  Again in general men love darkness rather than light! You see it around you in this world. 

Chapter 3 verse 20

For every one that doeth evil hateth the light

neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be

reproved

 

Verse 20: Unbelievers hate and in the past hated  the Light, “neither cometh to the light”  Notice it doesn’t say they didn’t come to church or to join a Biblestudy group in general now.   Here in this verse the unsaved religious Jew loved going to temple and synagogue but he wouldn’t come to Christ, “lest his deeds should be reproved. Afraid that God's truth will condemn them and their deeds because their deeds are evil. Salvation and deeds/works went together under the Gospel of the Kingdom.

You hear sometime from unbelievers: I am to bad and what I have done God cannot forgive me.

    We know now brothers and sisters because that we live under Gods Grace and not under the law like people in this verse 20 that every person can be saved and has the posibility to be saved. It is only to come to the Light and that is Christ and accept Him as personal Savior because He died for us all on that cross on Calvary Romans 5:8. I Corinthians 15:3-4. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 21

But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his

deeds may be made manifest, that they are

wrought in God

Verse 21: He that doeth truth cometh to the Light and that is our Lord Jesus Christ. The ones who wanted to believe in Him when He was on earth came to Him and followed Him and the deeds or works he or she did were made known, seen. So believing in Him, in His Name and doing works or deeds were very important for salvation under the Gospel of the Kingdom, under the former Dispensation. Finally Nicodemus did come to the light. He was really confused but he came out of it into the confession  and realized and believed that Jesus Christ was indeed the Son of God.  Read for yourselves John 19: 38-42. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 22

 

After these things came Jesus and His disciples into the land of Judea;

and thre he tarried with them and baptized 

 

Verse 22: Our Lord Jesus Christ came in the land of Judea with all His disciples. What does the word tarried mean? Stay longer than intended. In John 4 verse 2  we read that our Lord Jesus Christ didn't baptize but his disciples baptized people. There was water and my opinion is that it was in the river Jordan. Probably it was near Jericho where the river Jordan was and is. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 23

And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much

water there: and they came, and were baptized

 

Verse 23: John the Baptist his role was not yet over. He baptized people of Israel in Aenon near Salim. It was in the north of Israel near Galilee where John baptized people. Nowadays it is on the Westbank and not far away of Nablus. The Palastines live there nowadays. Christians now baptize people also in the river Jordan and Aenon is the right place for this rituel. Last year my wife and me were in Israel and have seen the river Jordan and people go there to be baptized. The water there is very dirty and after been in water people can take a shower. There are douches and you can change clothes in changing cubicles. Aenon is a very famous place for Christians to be there. But people in the time of John the Baptist came to him confessing their sins Matthew 3:6. They had to do this. It was believe and be baptized for the forgiveness of sins. Now we have forgiveness through His blood! "In Whom (Christ) we have redemption through His blood, even the forgiveness of sins" Colossians 1:14. We are forgiven my dear brothers and sister through Christ's blood paid for us on the cross on Calvary! He paid us with His own blood! There is no need for us to be baptized with water my dear brothers and sisters. Water cannot save us from our sins. Only the blood from our Lord Jesus Christ is enough and through His blood we have the forgiveness of sins from past, present and future, forever!  So let us rejoice in the Lord Jesus Christ my dear brothers and sisters!

Chapter 3 verse 24

For John was not yet cast into prison. 

 

Verse 24:  John the Baptist was not yet into prison so till his capture he was baptizing people for the remission of sins. He was the forerunner of our Lord Jesus Christ. But soon his role was over as Baptizer and preacher in the desert near the Jordan river. King Herod put him in prison and his ministry overlapped that of the Lord Jesus. John didn't want anyone to follow him because his ministry was to point to Christ, the Lamb of God and told the people to trust Him. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 25

Then there arose a question between some of John's disciples

and the Jews about purifying

Verse 25: John's disciples and the Jews started to ask themselves about the purifying. It was the matter of purifying. The matter of purifying was very important to the Jews. Whole chapter 7 of Mark we can read about purifying, cleaning. It was necessary for the Jews to keep themselves ceremonially clean if they were to serve God and please Him. The Pharisees made so many extra traditions to the Law that to observe the Law for the Jews became a burden. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 26

And they came unto John and said unto him, Rabbi, He that

was with thee beyond Jordan, tho Whom thou barest

witness, behold, the Same baptizeth, and all men come to Him

 

Verse 26: John's disciples came to him and said: the One Who was with you in Jordan when you baptized people and baptized also the One Who was with you the Lord Jesus Christ from Whom John barest witness, He baptize people and all people come to Him. This let you see that when our Lord was on earth He had a enormous appeal! Het didn't baptize but His disciples did and He healed a lot of sick people and preached the Gospel of the Kingdom and did a lot of miracles. Beside this He spoke a lot in parables to make something clear to the people of Israel. It was something special because all men came to Him! Less people came to him, John later told them in verse 30: "He must increase, but I must decrease"  He must increase: this was and is our Lord Jesus Christ! John's role of forerunner was coming to a end and soon King Herod would locked him up in prison. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 27

John answered and said, A man can receive nothing,

except it be given him from heaven. 

Verse 27John is here speaking about our Lord Jesus Christ. It was given the Lord Jesus Christ from heaven to do all those things. His Father gave Him the power to do healing, miracles, preaching etc. All men came to Him. and He was popular. That's why John the Baptist told them that. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 28

Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, 

I am not the Christ, but that I am

sent before Him

Verse 28: John the Baptist here in this verse tell his disciples that he is not the Christ. This according what they they told him that Christ was baptizing and all men came to Him to see Him and to listen to Him. So now they knew very well that he John was not the Christ but was send before Him to prepare the way to God. In Malachi 3 verse 1: "Behold I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord Whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to His temple, even the messenger fo the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts" So our Lord Jesus Christ was and is the Light and John the Baptist was the witness pointing to the Light!  This we have already read and studied in John chapter 1: 6-8. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 29

He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the 

bridegroom, which standeth  and heareth him, rejoiceth

greatly because of the bridegroom's voice:

this is my joy therefore is fulfilled

 

Verse 29: What does this mean my brothers and sisters. What is John the Baptist here speaking of? Well the bridegroom is Christ and John says that he is the friend of the bridegroom, the only best man. Once the bridegroom and bride had been brought together and now the work of the best man (John) was completed. John was very happy and there was lot of joy to hear the voice of the Bridegroom and know that He, Christ had claimed His bride. The joy of John was therefore fulfilled. That's why he said in the next verse: He must increase, but I must decrease. 

 

Chapter 3 verse 30

He must increase, but I must decrease

 

Verse 30: This is what John the Baptist said to his disciples: He must increase: He must became more and I must decrease: becoming less. His role as the friend of the Bridegroom Christ, the messenger of Christ was near to the end. Soon Herod locked him, John the Baptist up in his prison. Later John the Baptist was beheaded.

 

Chapter 3 verse 31
He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth

is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: He that cometh

from heaven is above all 

 

Verse 31: He and in this verse it is Christ Who came from heaven. He was not called from heaven or empowered by heaven, no He came from heaven. It was this what the Jews arqueing because they knew that this was His claim that |he was God . In John 6 verse 38-42: "For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of Him that sent me. And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day. And this is the will of Him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on Him may have everlasting life: and i will raise Him up at the last day. The Jews then murmered at Him, because He said, I am the bread which came down from heaven. And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? Hos is it then that He saith, I came down from heaven?  You see my brothers and sisters: our Lord came from heaven to earth. Who is the one here that is of the earth and speaketh of the earth? Answer is that John the Baptist is the one who is “of the earth” . John has been saying, “He’s the Christ, I’m not. He’s the bridegroom, I’m not.” Now he says, “He’s from above, I’m from the earth.”

Chapter 3 verse 32

And what he hath seen and heard, that he testifieth;

and no man receiveth his testimony

 

Verse 32: The Lord testified what he had “seen and heard” When John says “no man receiveth His testimony” (3:32), we know this is a hyperbole, for John and many disciples had received it. John is responding to the hyperbole of his disciples who complained “all men come to Him” (3:26).

 

Chapter 3 verse 33

He that hath received his testimony hath 

set to his seal that God is true

 

Verse 33: When people received the Lord’s testimony, they set their seal to the fact that “God is true.” This will say that people o accept it.  It does not say they received the Lord’s testimony and agreed that the Lord  was true. It says they received the Lord’s testimony and agreed “God is true,” because “he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God” 

 

Chapter 3 verse 34

For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God:

for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him

 

Verse 34: God didn’t give the Spirit “by measure” unto the Lord Jesus Christ here in this verse.  In the Old Testament, God did give His Spirit to men by measure. Men need the Spirit to help them build the tabernacle! We read in Exodus 31 verse 3 the following : "And I have filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom , and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship" Men have the Spirit to lead Israel into battle!  Men who had the Spirit to lead Israel into battle didn’t have the Spirit to lead them to prophesy. In ISam.10:10 we read: And when they came thither to the bill, behold  a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them" They had Him by measure!

Chapter 3 verse 35

The Father loveth the Son, and hath given

all things into His hand

 

Verse 35: With our Lord's baptism in the river Jordan with John the Baptist God's Voice came from heaven and said: "This is my beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased" Matthew 3:17. God the Father gave Him His Son the Word, God gave Him the Spirit and God gave Him all things. In John 13 verse 3 we read: "Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He was come from God, and went to God" Because the Father loves the Son Jesus Christ God gave Him  all things and he shows Him all things. Read John 5 verse 20!

Chapter 3 verse 36

He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life:

and he that believeth not the Son shall not see

life; but the wrath of God abideth on him

Verse 36: God gave “all things” into the hands of Adam the first man on earth but he sinned. God then gave all things into the hand of the last Adam Jesus Christ and thankfully He did not sin, for the most important thing God put into His hands was and is eternal life,which He gives to all who believe on Him. This verse you can choose for evengelizing but this verse is not enough because what must men believe here from this verse? It is good to take some other verses with this verse to show people in this world who are unsaved like I Corinthians 15:3,4, Romans 5:8, Romans 10:9-10. And to make men aware that they are sinners and that Jesus Christ died for sinners and that's why He came to this earth to save you and me. 

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Chapter 4 verse 1

When therefore the Lord knew how the Pharisees had heard that 

Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John 

 

In this chapter our Lord departed from Judea and went to Samaria and dealt there with the Samaritan woman, His own disciples and many Samaritans and also a noble man and his household. 

 

Verse 1: God is omniscient we see here: He knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John. The Pharisees tried to provoke a discussion and a competition between Jesus and John the Baptist. He knew the hearts of these Pharisees and He knows every heart of man! He know also your heart my dear brother and sister and all who does not believe in Him!  He looks at the heart. In I Samuel 16 verse 7 the Lord spoke to Samuel the following words: "But the Lord said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the Lord seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart" 

 

Chapter 4 verse 2

Though Jesus Himself baptized not, but His disciples

 

Verse 2: Our Lord Jesus Christ baptized not people. This He gave over to His disciples. They baptized people. Why our Lord didn't baptize? The answer to this is that our Lord didn’t personally baptize anyone ,  for He knew that if He baptize people , men would think their baptism by Him was better  than men baptized by the disciples. Baptism was required under the Gospel of the Kingdom. It was believe and work (waterbaptism) for the remission of sins. Mark 1:4 read this for yourselves my brothers and sisters! The thief on the cross was saved when he believed, and the Lord knew he would be baptized if he weren’t nailed to a cross. Believing made men disciples of Him and baptism was still required. Now my brothers and sisters we are saved by Grace alone, by Faith alone and in Christ alone! We have now redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the good pleasure of His will" Ephesians 1:7 Water cannot save us now, it is the shed blood of our Savior on the cross on Calvary that saves us. Now it is believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved Acts 16: 31! On g. round of this the apostle Paul said he didn’t baptize because he wasn’tsentto baptize (ICor.1:17). That’s whywe my brothers and sisters don’t need to be baptized, for he Paul is our apostle (Rom. 11:13). And we live now under the Dispensation of the Grace of God Ephesians 3: 1-3 and under the Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24 and not under the Gospel of the Kingdom. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 3

He left Judea, and departed again into Galilee

 

 

Our Lord left Judea. The Pharisees were jealous about the fact that our Lord baptized more people than John and He our Lord became more popular than John the Baptist.  So He left Judea and personally I believe that there were more people there in that area who became to believe in Him. The Pharisees didn't believe in Him and were against Him with the leaders of the folk Israel. He our Lord was not afraid to die at that moment because His hour was not yet come! 

Chapter 4 verse 4

And He must needs go through Samaria

 

Verse 4: He needed to go through Samaria simply because He was in Jerusalem and was headed for Galilee what we have seen in verse 3 , and Samaria lie in between! So he went through Samaria to Galilee and on His way through Samaria He came in the city of Sychar and Jacob's well was there and that Jacob gave ground to his son Joseph there. 

Chapter 4 verse 5

Then cometh He to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar,

near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph

Verse 5: He came in the city Sychar where the Samaritans lived and where Jacob in the neighbourhood gave his son Joseph a parcel of ground. Joseph was buried there and we read this in Joshua 24 verse 32: And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. In 722 B C the Assyrians conquered the Kingdom of Israel.  A part of the inhabitans of Israel were led in captive  and other people took their place. They planted Assyrians in Israel Iwho learned how to be Jews only to be saved from the lions 2 Kings 17: 25-34. So the Jews didn’t like the Samaritans because of their roots, but also because of their in conduct Ezra 4:1-10.

 

Chapter 4 verse 6

Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with

His journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour

 

Verse 6: Jacob's well was there where our Lord came in Samaria. Our Lord was tired from the journey. This was a long journey and probably our Lord was with His disciples on foot. So He sat down near the well and He was thirsty. The Lord just proved He was God by knowing what the Pharisees had heard; now He proves He was a man by being “wearied”.  water well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, boring, or drilling to access groundwater in underground aquifers. The sixt hour. What time was it?  About 12 O Clock here in Europe.

 

Chapter 4 verse 7

 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: 

Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink

Verse 7:  Brothers and sisters: when our Lord sat down near the well a woman of Samaria came to the well to pull up water from the well. Our Lord asked her to give Him water because our Lord was tired and thirsty from the journey. “Give me” (4:7) sounds impolite, but that was just how they talked.  This is a Samaritan  woman which is about to get saved here at “Jacob’s well” (John 4:6), making her a part of the Bride. See chapter 3:29. This reminds us how Isaac, Jacob and Moses all met their wives in situations involving a well. That our Lord was tired and thirsty let us see that He also was human as we are. Alone He was without sin and we have the sin nature.

Chapter 4 verse 8

For His disciples were gone away unto the city to 

buy meat 

Verse 8: His disciples were not with Him when He was sitting next to the well of Jacob. They were into the city of the Samaritans to buy meat so He couldn’t ask them for giving Him to drink water. We know now that water is the best drink to drink when you are thirsty. Definition of Water is: It is an inorganictransparenttastelessodorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bonds. Without water or fluids we as human beings cannot live. 

Chapter 4 verse 9

Then saith the woman of Samaria unto Him, How is it that

Thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a 

woman of Samaria? for Jews have no dealings with 

the Samaritans

Verse 9: This was very special our Lord asked water of a Samaritan woman! This amazed her a lot and that's why she asked Him why He asked drink of her because she was a Samaritan woman and Jews had no dealings with Samaritans. A Jews asked nothing of a Samaritan. The Lord’s dress or speech tipped her off that He was a Jew we see here in this verse .  But why did the Jews have no dealings with Samaritans? The answer is that Samaria is the original name of the northern 10 tribes We read in II Kings 17:6: In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes"  After Assyria carried Samaria away captive, they planted Assyrians in Israel. This we can read in the same chapter of II Kings in verse 24: And the King of Assyria brought men from Babylon and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed theim in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof. Later you read that they learned how to be Jews only to be saved from the lions See chapter 17 verses 25-34). So the Jews didn’t like the Samaritans because of their roots, but also because of their in conduct. We can read this in  Ezra 4:1-10.

Chapter 4 verse 10

Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God,

and Who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink;

thou wouldest have asked of Him, and he would have

given thee living water

Verse 10: Our Lord 's request was a way to open the conversation and share with this Samaritan woman the truth  about living water. If thou knewest the gift of God. This is the living water of God. Our Lord  begins to deal with her about her soul (John 4:10).  He says if she knew about this gife she should have asked for it and He have“given” it to her. Living water was a euphemism of salvation, the same salvation Jacob drank. If she drank it, she too would become a bride by a well! The Samarian woman didn't know Who He was. His words were very special to her but she didn't understand it and this we see in the next verses. Later in Chapter 7 verse 37 and 38 we read: "In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto Me, and drink" He that believeth on Me as the Scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water"  He spoke about the Spirit which they should receive but was not yet come because our Lord was not yet glorified. 

Chapter 4 verse 11

The woman saith unto Him, Sir thou

hast nothing to draw with, and the well

is deep: from whence then hast thou that 

living water?

Verse 11: The Samaritan woman didn't understand His Word about living water. She thought that He meant the water from the well but this was not the meaning of His Words. The Living water is the gift here from God through our Lord Jesus Christ and He could give it too to her so that she never was thirsty anymore spiritual. She said to Him Sir. What does that mean Sir? The same as my Lord. She recognized that He was more than her and His Words were special but she couldn't understand Him. She asked Him  where do You get this living water from. There was no other water near the well. Again the lving water was a euphemism of salvation and this is the same salvation Jacob drank of in verse 12 described and if she should drink of it she too would become a bride by a well. 

Chapter 4 verse 12

Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well,

and drank therof himself, and his children, and his cattle? 

 

Verse 12: The Samaritan woman was impressed by His Word that she asked the next question to Him: art thou greater than our father Jacob. Jacob was the forefather and he gave them the well and drank first from it and his children and his cattle and this well after that was used of people and so also the Samarians used this well also to drink thereof and their cattle. This well was good for washing things like feet and they became clean from it and is also with salvation that it wash away our sins. What a great way to de-scribe salvation. 
Chapter 4 verse 13
Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of
this water shall thirst again
 
Verse 13: Our Lord gives the Samaritan woman an answer: the one who drinks water of this well shall thirst again. Water is very important in our lives here on earth. Without drinking water in what form we should die so the water is very important but everytime you become thirsty because this is never enough. But the living water is for salvation and you will never be thirsty. This living water can only give our Lord and Savior! We read on in verse 14 about this! 
 
Chapter 4 verse 14
But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst;
 but the water that I  shall give hm shall be in him a well of water
springing up into everlasting life. 
 
Verse 14: Every person, yes every person who drinks of the water that our Lord give him or her shall never thirst.  My brothers and sisters: shall never thirst!  To drink of material water or anything this world has to offer will thirst again! But any person who takes one drink of the water what our Lord Jesus Christ give him or her will never thirst again! This living water saves and it is as a well of water springing up into everlasting life. Jesus Christ provides the breath and that is the Spirit of God. We have read this in John 3: 8 and in John 20 verse 22. He Jesus Christ is the Bread of Life and we read this in John 6 verse 48 and He is the Light of Life and this we read in John 1:4 and 5 and He gives us the water of life. Phantastic my brothers and sisters! 
 
Chapter 4 verse 15
The woman saith unto Him, Sir, give me this water
that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw
 
Verse 15: My dear brothers and sisters: this Samaritan woman was convinced about this living water. She believed  that this was the water which never made her thirsty again. In a Spiritual way! This was her immediate response to it. She asked for this gift, living water, salvation that she never after this went to the well to draw water out of it.  She had made progress but this woman had a long way to go so our Lord Jesus Christ patiently dealt with her. 
 
Chapter 4 verse 16
Jesus saith to her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither
 
Verse 16: Our Lord knows everything, He knew also the heart of this Samaritan woman and what happened in the past. He said to her. Go call thy husband and come back. The only way to prepare the soil of the heart for the seed is to plow it up with conviction. That's why He told her to go get her husband. Conviction must come first and than repentance and after it the saving faith. He touched with this also her conscience and that is dealing with her sin. 
 
Chapter 4 verse 17
The woman answered and said, I have no husband.
Jesus said to her, Thou hast well said, I have no husband
 

Verse 17: Her short answer to Him was that she has no husband. She said so because she was now under conviction  and her mouth was now stopped. This was the best for her. She had really no husband because the man she had on that moment was not her husband. 

Chapter 4 verse 18

For thou hast had five husbands, and he whom thou

now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly

Verse 18: Because of sin she hast had five husbands. The man who was now with her was not her husband. The first man was really her husband but she divorced from him and from all the others to have this last man. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 19

The woman saith unto Him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet

 

Verse 19: When she heard this what He was saying to her she recognized that He was a prophet. She said: I perceive that thou art a prophet. Our Lord was more than a prophet where she was talking to. Only she didn't know it. Instead of listening to Him she tried to discuss with Him about differences between the Jewish and the Samaritan religions and that she does in the next verse. 

Chapter 4 verse 20

Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say , that in 

Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship

 

Verse 20: The Samaritan woman discusses here about worshipping. They, the Samaritans worshipped on their mountain and the Jews say we have to worship God in Jerusalem. It was for her more difficult to talk about her sin than to discuss religion. Brothers and sisters this is still easier than to talk about sin which is very serious. We don't like it to talk about this and that is exactly the woman had: to talk about her sin. She was not listening to our Lord to talk about it. Instead of this she avoid it by discussing about religion. 

Chapter 4 verse 21

Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me,

the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this

moutain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father 

 

Verse 21: The hour cometh saith the Lord to the Samaritan woman that you can worship the Father: you can worship God without going to a special place. Later in verse 23 and 24 we see that God is not connected to a place. In Christian religion people are going to a churchbuilding to worship God but we see God is a Spirit and they that worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth. On the moment the Lord spoke to her the Spirit of God was not send yet. That came later on the day of Pentecost Acts 2. This is general truth my dear brothers and sisters. God is not connected by a place like a church building. The churchbuilding is not the house of God. God is living in us by His Spirit and we can worship and praying to Him freely in spirit and truth, His Grace. 

Chapter 4 verse 22

Ye worship ye know not what:

we know what we worship: for

salvation is of the Jews

 

Verse 22: Our Lord told this Samaritan woman more here in this verse is that He said that salvation is through Israel. Israel under the Gospel of the Kingdom was the blessing channel. As long God hath His plan with Israel they were the blessing channel for the world. Salvation was not of the Samaritans. Everyone of the Gentiles in that time who wanted to be a child of God it was through Israel. He or she must become a Jew to be accepted by God. So every man must be circumcised, baptized and believe in the Son of God.

      Nowadays through the finished Work of the cross and that we live under the Dispensation of Gods Grace Ephesians 3:1-3  there is no difference between Jews and Gentiles anymore!  Now it is: For through Him, Jesus Christ, we (Jews and Gentiles) both have access by one Spirit unto the Father Ephesians 2:18.  He Christ was the Savior and He was a Jew and through Him people could be saved! 

Chapter 4 verse 23

But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true

worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and

in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship Him

 

Verse 23: The Lord said to the Samaritan woman  that worship was no longer be limited to the Jewish temple. Why? We read in Acts 7 verse 48-50: Howbeit the most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands; ans saith the prophet Heaven is my throne, and earth is my footstool: what house will ye build me? saith the Lord: hath not my hand made all these things. It let us see here that there is a new sacrifice: The Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world, a new temple: the temple of His body John 2: 21, a new birth John 3 1-7 and new water John 4:11.  Worship the Father in spirit and truth. The spirit here is the Holy Spirit is meant. Only through God's Spirit and in the truth we still can worship our God. 

Chapter 4 verse 24

God is a Spirit: and they that worship Him must

worship Him in spirit and in truth

Verse 24: This is a confirmation of the last word our Lord told the Samaritan woman and this is general truth my brothers and sisters. The Holy Spirit was not poured out. That was on the day of Pentecost and there people were under control of the Holy Spirit so that they couldn't sin and they were born again. That was what our Lord told here in John 3 and 4. With the Holy Spirit they Israel could worship Him in spirit and in truth. We are as members of the Body of Christ the Holy Spirit dwelling in us and we can through His Spirit serve and worship Him and with the Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20: 24, Colossians 1:5, 6, Romans 16:25-26, Galatians 1: 6 -9 (read those verses) which is the truth! 

Chapter 4 verse 25

The woman saith unto Him, I know that Messias cometh, which is 

called Christ: when He is come, He will tell us all things

 

Verse 25: The Samaritan woman still didn't  know with Whom she has a whole conversation. She recognized that He was like a prophet. Anyway a special person He was. That what she saw and heard of Him. She saith unto Him I know that Messias cometh. Messias means Redeemer, Comes from the Hebrew Name Messhiach which means Anoited. The same Word is Christ which means Anointed. What she knew was this: When He comes and that is the Messiah, He will tell them all things. He would reveal the secrets of hearts. Where did she learn this? The Bible doesn't say it but what we know is that the Word of God Which our Lord told her touched her heart

Chapter 4 verse 26

Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am He

Verse 26: Here in this verse my brothers and sisters we read the Lord's answer to her statement to confirm that the One she speak to is the Messiah, He is Christ. After this the woman left the well and went to the city of the Samaritans  and told this all to the men there. verse 28. This was really special for her to meet the Savior, the Messiah, Christ!

Chapter 4 verse 27

And upon this came His disciples, and marvelled that He

talked with the woman: yet no man said, What 

seekest thou? or , Why talkest thou with her? 

 

Verse 27: When He had said to her I that speak unto thee am He, Christ, His disciples came and they were surprized that he talked to this Samaritan woman but none of them say something about it what do you ask or why do you speak with that woman? Maybe they were afraid of Him? It could be this and another reason is that He as Person had and has a authoritive. Our Lord taught the people as One having authority, and not as the scribes Matthew 7:29. He as Person was special and they saw it and shut their mouths. They couldn't stop Him or forbid Him or ask Him to talk to this Samaritan lady. 

Chapter 4 verse 28

The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into

the city and saith to the men

Verse 28: Immediately the Samaritan woman left her waterpot and the well and went into the city of the Samaritans to tell the men about Jesus Christ and that she met Him near the well! This touched her heart that He had said to her: I that speak unto thee am He! 

Chapter 4 verse 29

Come, see a man which told me all things that ever I did:

is not this the Christ? 

Verse 29: This is really special what this woman did: she went immediately into the city and told the men this: A Man told me all things that ever I did and is this not the Christ? Surely she was right and she invited a lot of men to come with her and see our Lord Jesus Christ. With great enthousiasm she invited people to come and see. God used her simple testimony and many people came out of the city to the well to meet our Lord. Oh were people nowadays so enthousiastic for Gods Word of Grace! Acts 20:32, Romans 16:25-26!!!!

Chapter 4 verse 30

Then they went out of the city, and 

came unto Him.  

Verse 30: They, many of the Samaritans went out of the city (verse 39) and came unto Him because of the testimony of this woman. This is really special because Samaritans were the enemies of the Jews. This let us see that God's Word can touch hearts individually! God used this woman to reach almost this whole city of Samaritans! It must be very special to see the Lord litteraly and to hear Him speak! We live under another Dispensation my brothers and sisters. The Dispensation of the Grace of God. We cannot see Him now here on earth because He is in heaven on the right Hand of God. We are in Him because we are already saved and once brothers and sisters we will meet Him also as members of the Body of Christ with the Rapture. I Corinthians 15: 51-54, I Thessalonians 4:13-18, Philippians 3:20, Titus 2:13. What a glorious day this will be!!!

Chapter 4 verse 31

In the mean while His disciples prayed Him , saying Master eat

Verse 31: His disciples had bought meat in the city of the Samaritans after the long journey. Our Lord had spoken to the Samaritan woman and now His disciples were back and prayed Him or beseeched Him and asked Him earnestly to eat meat because they all were hungry and they thought after this long journey our Lord must be also hungry. 

Chapter 4 verse 32

But He said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of

Verse 32: His answer was not give me meat, no. He said: I have meat to eat that ye know not of. Later He said in verse 34 later the following words to His disciples: My meat is to do the will of Him that sent me, and to finish His work. This was to die on the cross for the whole world to save sinners. This is what He has done. On that moment there it was before the cross and that's why He said I have meat to eat that ye know not of. His disciples couldn't understand Him. When He said it is finished, completed it was on the cross on the moment just before He died for you and me my dear brothers and sisters! 

 

Chapter 4 verse 33

Therefore said the disciples one to another

Hath any man brought Him  ought to eat?

Verse 33: His disciples tried again and asked one another if someone hath brought Him something to eat. The disciples were satisfied with meat and bread but He wasn't. He, our Lord, was satisfied with accomplishing the Father's work: to die on the cross for the whole world, for mankind! His disciples didn't understand Him. They thought He was speaking of literal food and they wondered where He got it. 

Chapter 4 verse 34

Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of Him that sent me, and to finish His work

Verse 34: Again the Lord told His disciples the same words: His meat is to do the will of Him, His Father Who sent Him and to do His will: to finish His work and that is to die on the cross of all mankind, for all sinners from past, present and future. In Psalm 40 verse 8 we read: "I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea thy law is within my heart"  In John 17 verse 4 we read: I have glorified Thee on the earth: I have finished the work which Thou gavest me to do. This was just before Gethsemane. 

     And after this words our Lord changed the image of food to the harvest which is the origin of the food. This we see in the next verse!

Chapter 4 verse 35

Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest?

behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; 

for they are white already to harvest

 

Verse 35: The example our Lord took her of the harvest is a familiar one in the Bible and is often applied to evangelizing: winning souls. The parable of the Sower and the parable of the Tares relate to this theme. Read Matthew 13 verse 1-30!  The apostle Paul my dear brothers and sisters used also this example. If we read in Romans 1 verse 13 the following verse: Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you, but was let hitherto that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among other Gentiles.  Fruit have to do with people whom's heart is open for Gods Word of Grace here in this verse! Other Scriptures are I Corinthians 3 verse 6-9 and Galatians 6:9. God's Word will be plant in the hearts of people who will hear it. God gives the growth! 

Chapter 4 verse 36

And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal:

that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together

 

Verse 36: The one who reapeth or mow get something for it and that are wages and also he gathereth fruit unto eternal life (worthy). Both the one that soweth and reapeth rejoice together because of the harvest. The harvest was in the place Sychar where our Lord with His disciples were. The disciples must have think there can be no harvest here in this city of the Samaritans but the opposite was true: the harvest was ready and only needed faithful workers to claim it. For evangelizing to reach people for Christ my dear brothers and sisters it always looks that it is the wrong time and the wrong place but it takes faith in the Lord to sow the seed and this we have to do in His power, the power of His resurrection. In I Corinthians 3 verses 6-9 we read : I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase. Now he that planteth and he that watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according to his own labour"

 

Chapter 4 verse 37

And herein is that saying true, One soweth

and another reapeth

Verse 37: This is very true and a general verse of the Bible. One person soewth and the other person reapeth. Each worker gets his honest reward for the work he has done. Each of us my dear brothers and sisters has an assigned task and we are all a part of each other's labors what we have seen in I Corinthians 3 verses 6-9. 

Chapter 4 verse 38

I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and

ye are entered into their labours

 

Verse 38: Our Lord was sending His disciples to reap. They never bestowed thereon labor because others had labored and His disciples entered into the labours of other men who labored among these Samaritans. The other people or men had labored . They prepared the way fo this harvest. These men who already labored were faithful workers and God will reward them. Probably John the Baptist when he preached and baptized people it was also near this well of Jacob and near this city so maybe or some of his followers/disciples had labored among them. The disciples of our Lord reaped the harvest and most important the Samaritan woman to whom our Lord spoke planted some of the seed through her witness to the men because we can read that in the next verse. 

Chapter 4 verse 39

And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on Him for

the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me

all that ever I did

 

Verse 39: This was the harvest: Many of the Samaritans of the city came to see Him because this one woman who testified to them that it was the Christ Who spoke to her! She was so excited and enthousiast about this that people there started moving and came to Him and many of them believed on Him! This is very special because Samaritans were enemies of the Jews. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 40

So when the Samaritans were come unto Him, 

they besought Him that he would tarry with

them: and he abode there two days

 

Verse 40: The Samaritans who saw Him and heard Him speaking they asked, begged Him that He should stay with them which He did and he stayed for two days. His words were so impressive because these words were the Words of God. They recognized that He was a special Person and was as Person more than them so they wanted probably to learn and hear more from Him. 

Chapter 4 verse 41

And many more believed because of His own word 

Verse 41: The result of His staying with the Samaritans was that more people came to believe in Him because of His word! They believed the Word my dear brothers and sisters. Because of the Word He told them and they became believers in Him! They trusted Him my brothers and sisters and this is very special because under the Gospel of the Kingdom this you didn't expect it from them that they became believers in Him. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 42

And said to the woman, Now we believe, not because of

thy saying; for we have heard Him ourselves, and know

that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world

 

Verse 42: The men who came to see and hear Him said later to the woman: we believe not according you told us but because we have seen and heard Him. She was a witness of our Lord. She told them to come and see our Lord and men came and heard Him and saw Him and came to believe in Him. The Samaritan woman has no name in the Bible but she bore fruit and that was very important. Through her witness many of the Samaritans came to believe in Christ. 

Chapter 4 verse 43

Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee

 

Verse 43: The purpose of our Lord was to go to Galilee so our Lord continued after 2 days with the Samaritans His journey and came again to Cana. Our Lord was born in Bethlehem but He was known as the Prophet from Galilee. In Matthew 21 verse 11 we read: And the multitude said, This is jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee. Why did He return to Galilee. One of the posibilities is that He had planted there the seed on the wedding feast and wanted to cultivate it. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 44

For Jesus Himself testified, that a prophet hath no 

honour in his own country

 

Verse 44: Our Lord was not loved by His countrymen in Galilee. In Nazareth the place where our Lord lived till the age of 30 He was not loved because in Matthew 13 verse 57 we read: "And they were offended in Him. But Jesus sait unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house" This means that he is not accepted. This is still the same now my dear brothers and sisters. When I first told my family about the Gospel of the Grace of God and the truth Acts 20:24, Colossians 1:5-6 they didn't accept it and were not happy with it. Our Lord told in his own country in Galilee people the truth from the Word of God and they wouldn't accept it and were mad about Him and would have stoned Him to death. We read in Matthew 13 verse 58: And He did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief" In Luke 4 verse 28-30 we see what happened in Nazareth with our Lord: "And all they in the syanagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, And rose up, and thrust Him out of the city, and led Him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast Him down headlong. But He passing through the midst of them went His way"

 

Chapter 4 verse 45

Then when He was come into Galilee, the Galilaeans received Him,

having seen all the things that he did at Jerusalem at the feast: for 

they also went unto the feast

Verse 45: Our Lord came into Galilee again and the inhabitans of Galilee received Him. They have seen Him also at Jerusalem at the feast. That was the feast of the Passover. They were there and had seen Him drove all the traders and money changers out of the temple because they made the Temple  and house of merchandise and He did later also a lot of miracles there in Jerusalem. And many believed in His Name John 2 verse 23. So these Galilaeans were too there in Jerusalem becauswe of the feast because Jewish people had to go to the feasts in Jerusalem every year!

Chapter 4 verse 46

So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee,

where He made the water wine. And there

was a certain nobleman, whose son was

sick at Capernaum

 

Verse 46: Our Lord came again in Cana. He was here before on the wedding feast where He changed water into wine see John chapter 2! In Cana there was a certain nobleman. This nobleman came from Capernaum which was 20 miles away from Cana. He had probably a high position and was probably a member of Herod's court. Anyway he was desperately needed for help of our Lord. His son was sick near death and he had heard about our Lord Jesus Christ  and about the miracles He had done and that He could heal the sick. So this man came to our Lord when the Lord came into Cana again. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 47

When he heard that Jesus was come out ot Judea into Galilee,

he went unto Him, and besought Him that He would 

come down, and heal his son: for he was at the point of death

 

Verse 47: This nobleman heard about our Lord who was again in Galilee and in Cana and immediately 

he went to meet Him and was fully convinced that our Lord would come with him to heal his son who was almost dead. He besought our Lord to come with him. He begged our Lord and this is very serious and this nobleman believed that our Lord could heal his son because he knew Christ had healed sick people and had done already miracles. It was not to late that he asked our Lord to heal his son. 

Chapter 4 verse 48

Then said Jesus unto him, Except ye see signs and wonders,

ye will not believe

 

Verse 48: This my dear brothers and sisters was not only said to the nobleman who begged our Lord to heal his son. It was said to all the Jewish people because the Jews require a sign and than believe. They believe in God when they saw the signs and wonders of Him. In I Corinthians 1 verse 22 we read the following verse: For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom" It was not just this nobleman but all of them they wanted to see signs and wonders and believe. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 49

The Nobleman saith unto Him Sir, come down ere my child die

 

Verse 49: The nobleman again asked or begged our Lord to come with him his child before his child should die. He was so afraid his child should die and he knew and believed that our Lord could heal his son. He was convinced about it because of hearing all the miracles and wonders our Lord did.  

 

Chapter 4 verse 50

Jesus saith unto him, go thy way; thy son liveth. 

And the man believed the word that Jesus had

spoken unto him, and he went his way

 

Verse 50: The Lord told the nobleman to go home and saith that his son liveth! This was really something my dear brothers and sisters. From a distance of maybe more than 20 miles the Lord healed this son of the nobleman! In Matthew 8 verse 13 we see something similar than this. We read there: And Jesus  said unto the centurion, Go thy way; and as thou hast believed, so be it unto thee. And his servant (servant of the Centurion) was healed in the selfsame hour" This shows the Lord's His Divine power! And here the same with the son of the nobleman. The nobleman believed the word of our Lord and went back home! He trusted the word which our Lord spoke to him. In Romans 10 verse 17 we read: So than faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. This is general truth my dear brothers and sisters and it already worked in the time when our Lord was on earth that people trusted His words and believed! 

Chapter 4 verse 51

And as he was now going down, his servants met him, and 

told him, saying, Thy son liveth

 

Verse 51: When the nobleman was nearby his home his servants met him on the way and told him saying: thy son liveth!  This must be said with a lot of joy and enthousiasm! They were so glad that the son was healed that they went to met the nobleman to tell  him this great and good news! 

 

Chapter 4 verse 52

Then enguired he of them the hour when he began to amend.

And they said unto him, Yesterday at the seventh hour the 

fever left him. 

 

Verse 52: So the nobleman went home and met his servants and asked them when his son became better and they answered him the day before at the seventh hour that the fever left his son. They, the servants confirmed his faith. The nobleman believed the Word of our Lord Jesus Christ and he went home not knowing that his son was out of danger and this he heard from his servants on his way home where he met them. The seventh hour” is either 7am Roman time or 1pm Jewish time. The last time 1 pm that was the hour when the boy was healed from the dead. 

 

Chapter 4 verse 53

So the father knew that it was at the same hour, in the which

Jesus said unto him, thy son liveth: and himself believed,

and his whole house

 

Verse 53: The nobleman here is the father trusted the Lord Jesus at His Word and knew that his son was healed that same hour. His son liveth. Not only himself believed but his whole house, all his family who was of the household and all his servants believed. Very special to read this my dear brothers and sisters. All of them believed the Word of our Lord Jesus Christ!

 

Chapter 4 verse 54

This is again the second miracle that Jesus did, when He was 

come out of Judea into Galilee

Verse 54:  The first miracle our Lord did at Cana was at the wedding and there revealed His power over time. In this second miracle our Lord Jesus showed His power over space. This miracle shows that our Lord Jesus Christ was not litmited because He was in Cana and the boy was sick in Capernaum. The nobleman believed the word of our Lord Jesus Christ and didn't know  the results that his son was healed until the next day is a evidence that he had confident faith. It is for us a very good example to trust also God at His Word like the nobleman did. 

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Chapter 5 verse 1

After this there was a feast of the Jews,

and Jesus went up to Jerusalem

 

Verse 1: After this second miracle: the nobleman's son was healed by Him went our Lord again back to Jerusalem for the feast of the Jews. To which feast He went? The passage here doesn't mention it. The main purpose of going was not to hold on the religious tradition of the Jews. The fact is that He went up to Jerusalem. It could be Pentecost because the first time it was the Passover. 

Chapter 5 verse 2

 Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool,

which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having

five porches. 

 

Verse 2: There was a pool named Bethesda which means house of mercy. Last year my wife and me visit Jerusalem and have been on the place where Bethesda was originally. This was very impressive to see this place. We saw the original steps down to the pool which is not a pool anymore but it is very deep and above this men made buildings like a old church which is a ruin. This pool was original near the sheep market and had five porches. 5 piazza's or 5 rooms. The pool is situated near the northeast corner of the Old City and close to the Sheep Gate. 

 

Chapter 5 verse 3

In these lay a great multitude of impotent folk, of blind, halt

whithered, waiting for the moving of the water

 

verse 3: The apostle John here describe the great multitude who was in Bethesda was a impotent, blind, lame, paralyzed people. These folks should have been “waiting” for the Messiah to come and heal them, but instead they were waiting for the angel to stir the water verse 4 They layed down there near the pool and most of them for years to be healed because when the water moves and one person was on that time in the water he was healed. We see and read this  in the next verse how this worked. 

 

Chapter 5 verse 4

For an angel went down at a certain season into the pool, 

and troubled the water: whosoever then first after the

troubling of the water stepped in was made whole

of whatsoever disease he had. 

Verse 4: An angel of God at a certain time was in the pool to move the water that it rimpled and the person who stepped after this troubling in the water was made whole of his disease. You can see yourself in a “pool” (John 5:4), so it is a type of the Law (Jas.1:22-25), a law given by angels as we read in Acts 7verse 53. Men getting healed singly by the law was a type of how under the Law men were saved one at a time, but in the kingdom “all Israel” shall be saved all at once. We read Rom.11: 26: And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

 

Chapter 5 verse 5

And a certain man was there which had an

infirmity thirty and eight years

 

Verse 5: Our Lord was again in Jerusalem and near the place of Bethesda. Probably He went through the Gate of the sheep. He went to the pool of Bethesda and could heal everyone there who were sick. There was one man there who later was healed by our Lord. This man was almost 40 years sick . He had an infirmity. He couldn't walk and was waiting there near the pool in Bethesda. It was Grace that brought our Lord Jesus Christ to the pool of Bethesda. 

Chapter 5 verse 6

When Jesus saw him lie, and knew that he had been now a long

time in that case, he saith unto him, Wilt thou be made whole?

 

Verse 6: Our Lord only went to this man who laid down about 40 years. There is in Dutch a saying that life begins with 40 years. Maybe this comes from this passage of the Bible. For about 40 years this man couldn't walk and was waiting next to the pool. Our Lord knew this man because God knows every heart of men. And He asked the man if he would be healed by Him. You think that the man spontaneous would say yes I want to be healed but in the next verse we read that this man had excuses. 

Chapter 5 verse 7

The impotent man answered Him, Sir,

I have no man, when the water is troubled,

to put me into the pool: but while I am

coming, another steppeth down before me

Verse 7: This man was powerless, he couldn't walk. He couldn't stand on his feet and the Lord asked him to be made whole and his answer is not spontaneous yes but a excuse he has: he said I have not man when the water is troubled, moving, that someone brings me in the pool to be healed. And so was he waiting all those years next to the pool in Bethesda. Always was there someone else who was before him who stepped down into the water and was healed. He, the lame man was always to late. This lame man did illustrate the tragic spritual state of the nation of Israel. It is also a spiritual lesson here: not believing. In verse 38 till 40 from the same chapter we read: And ye have not His word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent, Him ye believe not. Search the Scriptures; for in them ye thing ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. And ye will not come to me, that ye might have life. 

Chapter 5 verse 8

Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk

 

Verse 8: Wow brothers and sisters! This is really something! Our Lord Jesus Christ could heal this man who was from birth on almost 40 years laying in bed and He healed him. When I read this I must think about my earthly father who was in his bed paralysed the last 7 years of his life. He couldn't move and couldn't talk anymore. This was really a sad situation!  This man here in Bethesda couldn't walk but could talk and our Lord saith unto him: Rise, take up thy bed and walk. Strong words my dear brothers and sisters!  He gave this man this command! In the next verse we see what happened! 

Chapter 5 verse 9

And immediately the man was made whole, and took up 

his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the

Sabbath

 

Verse 9: When our Lord had saith unto the man who couldn't walk: rise, take up thy bed and walk the man immediately was made whole! He could stand on his feet! He took up his bed and walked! What a wonder our Lord did! Our Lord has the power to heal people who were sick or lame from birth on! It was also to demonstrate His power that He was and is God. This miracle would have caused no problem except that this happened on the Sabbath Day. This we can read in the following verses of this chapter. 

Chapter 5 verse 10

The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured,

It is the Sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee 

to carry thy bed. 

Verse 10: The miracle would have caused no problem but this happened on a Sabbath day and the Jews said to the man who was healed: it is ont lawful for thee to carry thy bed on the Sabbath day. In Jeremiah 17 verse 21 we read: Thus saith the Lord; Take heed to yourselves, and bear no burden on the sabbath day, or bring it in by the gates of Jerusalem. So the Jews had their point! 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

To be continued