The Epistle to the Hebrews

This is a verse by verse Commentary

by

J.W.Weeda

Introduction

Concerning this Epistle we must conclude that we don't know who wrote this Epistle. For sure it is God's Word so God wrote this Epistle. Some people believe that the apostle Paul wrote this Epistle to the Hebrews. It is never proved that he wrote it and why he wrote this Epistle. We can guess who wrote it. We know it is God's Word and He is the Author of this Epistle. Anyway the Epistle is written to the Hebrews and Hebrews are Jewish people. What we know is that this epistle is written for the future when the believing Jews in the Great Tribulation will live and have to read this Epistle. 

Hebrews Chapter 1 verse 1

God, Who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time

past unto the fathers by the prophets

Verse 1: What does this verse mean? God spoke a lot of times in time past in different manners to the fathers! Who are these fathers? The fathers of the folk Israel like Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David and others like Salomon, Hezekiah through the prophets like Samuel, Isaiah, Jeremiah and all the other prophets from whom we can read their books in the Prophecy. 

Hebrews chapter 1 verse 2

Hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son,

Whom He hath appointed heir of all things, by

Whom also He made the worlds. 

Verse 2: God hath spoken to the Hebrews, the Jewish people by His Son in the last days. Which last days are spoken here? Personally I believe that these last days were the last days of Acts 2. Acts 2 verse 17 tells us the following verse: And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:  His Son Jesus Christ is appointed from God the Father heir of all things. In Ephesians 1 verse 20-21 we read:Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:  by Whom also He made the worlds. Through Christ He made the worlds or ages. Ages as Epochs of Time Both Testaments speak of "ages" as undefined periods of history over which God rules! 

Through Him everything is created/made. In Colossians 1 verse 16 we read:  For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:  And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist.

Hebrews 1 verse 3

Who being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the Word of His power, when He had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:

Vers 3: Who=Christ. Christ is the brightness of His glory that is one:

That means that the Lord Jesus exactly represents God for the Jews here in this verse but also for us as members of the Body of Christ. The express image of His person that is second, upholding all things by the Word of His power is three. He purged our sins. Washed away the sins. Also for these Jewish believers because the epistle is written to them. Also for us members of the Body of Christ our sins are washed away. God no longer counts our sins. We have the forgiveness of sins just like these Jewish people here in this verse. Ephesians 1:7, Colossians 1:14. He Christ after He died for mankind, was buried and rose again sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high. We can read this also in Ephesians 1: 20-21: Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. Still today Christ is on the right hand of the Father in heaven far above all principality and power and might and dominion. 

Hebrews 1 verse 4

Being made so much better than the angels, as He hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Verse 4: What does this mean: Being made so much better than the angels? Answer: This description of our Lord Jesus Christ in previous verses shows us that He is far superior than any angelic being. Yet this tells us that the Lord  Jesus Christ became better than the angels. We could say that He iseternally better than the angels, but He also became better than the angels. By inheritance obtained a more excellent Name than they. He is far above all principality and power, might and dominion!  This is for us now in this Dispensation of Gods Grace! and this is also for these Hebrews in the future.  For them He is the High Priest! Ephesians 1: 20-22: Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,  Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the Church. For us Christ is our Head, the Head of the Body of Christ, the heavenly Church! 

Hebrews 1 verse 5

For unto which of the angels said He at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Verse 5 Concerning Christ God the Father said: I will be to Him a Father and He shall be to me a Son. And it is said  of Christ when God bringeth His First begotten into the world, let all the angesl of God worhip HIm. All the ones who are superior to men that they be inferior to Christ in nature and power. To the angels never God said those things, only to His begotten Son. In verse 8 of this chapter 1 in Hebrews we see a very beautiful Word of God: But unto the Son He saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of thy kingdom. God the Father calls His Son God. This let us see that God the Father and the Son are One! Think about this and be still!

Hebrews 1 verse 6

And again, when He bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, He saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

Verse 6: When God brought the firstbegotten, His Son into this world and that is the inhabitated earth! When Christ came into the world the angels worshipped Him. God commanded them to do so which proves that our Lord Jesus Christ is God; for none of God's angels would worship a mere creature. Christ is the Firstborn of all creation. We read Colossians 1 verse 15: Who is the image of the invisible God, the Firstborn fo every creature"

Hebrews 1 verse 7

And of the angels He saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire.

Verse 7: This verse is taken from Psalm 104 verse 1-4Bless the Lord, O my soul. O Lord my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty. Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain: Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind: Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:  The Hebrew as the Greek word  for spirit is translated wind. Angels are created spirits. Angels have no bodies although they can take the form of a human body when they ministering on earth. They served our Lord when He was on earth. We read in Matthew 4 verse 11 the following verse: Then the devil leaveth him, and  behold angels came and ministered unto Him.  And in the garden of Gethsemanae in Luke 22 verse 43 we read: And there appeared an angel unto Him from heaven, strengthened Him. 

Hebrews 1 verse 8

But unto the Son He saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Verse 8: This is a very special verse special for the future. It is also for us to use against false doctrines which tells us that God the Father and God the Son are not One like the sect Jehovah Witnesses. This sect deny the Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ. They don't believe that He is God Himself. They believe God have a Son but don't believe that He is God also. In Psalm 45 verses 6 and 7 we read: Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. This verse is taken from these verses. For sure God on the throne now in heaven and His Son on the right hand of Him and in the future Christ will be King on earth in the Millenial Kingdom. Now our Lord Jesus Christ is the Head of the Body of Christ. Ephesians 1 verse 20 tells us: Which He wrought in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead, and set Him at His own right hand in the heavenly places. 

Hebrews 1 verse 9

Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Verse 9: God loves righteousness and hates iniquity, wickedness. That's why He came to earth because He loved this world, sinners that He gave His life for them (us included my brothers and sisters), for mankind so that men could live because He was buried and He is resurrected from the dead and now sits on the right hand of the Father. God the Father hath anointed Him with the oil of gladness above every men. This happened when Christ ascended and entered the heavenly glory. This verse refers to Psalm 16 verse 10-11: For Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt Thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou wilt shew Me the path of life: in Thy presence is fulness of joy; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. So a beautiful verse my brothers and sisters to read and to study. Think about it and be still!!!

Hebrews 1 verse 10

 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:

Verse 10: This is speaking of our Lord Who laid the foundation of the earth. It is that all things is created by God through our Lord Jesus Christ! In Psalm 102 verses 25-27 we read the following versesOf old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed. The angels who God created too didnt found the earth. He, Jesus Christ is the Creator and on one day he will do away with the old creation and bring in a new creation. 

Hebrews 1 verse 11

They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;

Verse 11: Brothers and sisters everything around us changes. The earth perish and we see it. The earth is now warming up and we just saw on TV that on Spitsbergen the temperature is rising fast. The ice is melting at a fast pace there and that's an example that makes you to think. He Jesus Christ remains the Same. He will never change. In Hebrews 13 vers 8 is written: Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day and for ever. The creation is like a old garment which will one day be discarded in favor of a new one. God will do this through Jesus Christ my brothers and sisters. It is all in His hand! So let us not be afraid and scaring about things in this world which change. 

Hebrews 1 verse 12

 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

Verse 12: As a vesture. What does that mean? Something that covers like a garment. God fold them up. They shall be changed. God will change the heaven and the earth. There will be new heavens and a new earth. But thou. God is the same. God is eternal. He is from eternity to eternity. There is no beginning with Him and no end. His years shall not stop. What a wonderful God we have. Think about it and be still! In Revelation 21 verse 1 we read: And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

Hebrews 1 verse 13

But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

Verse 13: The writer of the epistle to the Hebrews quotes Psalm 110 verse 1 where is said: The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord Jesus Christ is on the right hand of the Father and that is the place of honor. This is many times mentioned in the Bible. Angels are never on the right hand of the Father so He never said this to them but only to His Son.

Hebrews 1 verse 14

Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

Angels are ministering spirits who serve our Lord Who is seated on the throne. It let us see that the Lord Jesus Christ is greater than the angels and He is also greater than the Law which was given to the people of Israel and angels helped to deliver the Law to the people of Israel. 

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hebrews Chapter 2

Hebrews 2 verse 1

Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.

Verse 1: Here we read a admonishing from the writer to the Hebrews! He said here that the Jewish believers and the writer inclusive had to hold fast the things which they had heard. With this purpose he said that one time or any time they should forget the words. It is to pay attention to God's Word. They have to study the Word of God and obey it and not to stop. We too like them brothers and sisters who live now under this Dispensation of Grace have to study and read God's Word of Grace and rightly dividing the truth. Romans 16:25-26 and 2 Timothy 2:15. Then in that time when this epistle will be read under the Great Tribulation is it that God does not sit idly by and permit His children to rebel against Him. He will not stop to speak to them and when it is necessary chastens His own. The danger here is neglecting their salvation. Let them slip means here lest we drift away from them.  

Hebrews 2 verse 2

For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward

Verse 2: The Word by angels spoken under the Old Testament was stedfast. They came in the form of a human and what they said to persons like Lot came directly from God. The Word was given them through God! If people did not obey or did not heed the Word they were punished because that was a just recompence of reward from God. Disobedience was sin of omission. 

Hebrews 2 verse 3

How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;

Verse 3: These Jewish people have no excuse when they refuse the Word of God's salvation. The Word they received was first spoken by the Lord Jesus Christ, God's Son and confirmed to the writer(s) by them that heard Him. Confirmed by apostolic miracles. We read that in het next verse! These miracles were confirmed by the apostles . We can read them in Mark 16 verses 17-20 and Acts 2: 43. 

Hebrews 2 verse 4

God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to His own will?

Verse 4: Signs and wonders: Here it refers to the miracles that the Word of God let us see and read and this let us see that it is true. This happened all in the past and through gifts of the Holy Ghost according Gods will. The apostles did these miracles through the Holy Ghost. This is said to these Jewish believers and also for the future when a lot of Jewish believers (and other believers who are proselytes) will believe in Christ and are in the Great Tribulation that this word will be read and studied by them. That this epistle is for the Jews specially and not for us as members of the Body of Christ my brother and sisters we can read this here: For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom. As long as God was dealing with Israel (Jews as a folk) we hear and read about signs and wonders and miracles! 

Hebrews 2 verse 5

For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.

Verse 5: Angels are ministering spirits without human bodies but our Lord Jesus Christ who had a human body while He ministered on earth. The subjection of the world to come: our Lord Jesus Christ will reign over the whole world later. Never God promised the angels that they would reign in the world to come. One day He will establishes His Kingdom. The Jews who will believe on Him will reign with Him in His Kingdom. In Revelation 1 verses 5 and 6 we read: And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,  And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Hebrews 2 verse 6

But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man that thou visitest him?

Verse 6: This verse is taken from Psalm 8 verses 4-6: What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: Here David marveled that God would share His power and glory with man. God had always man in mind. God loves man because He created him after His image. We know before the foundation of the world God had man in mind and love him and had a plan to save man from his sins and quilt, from his eternal death that should came with the fall of man. Romans 5:12: Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

Hebrews 2 verse 7

 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:

Verse 7: Man was created by God. He gave him the dominion over His creation Genesis 1: 26-31: And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.  And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.  In fact man has a hard time controlling himself. Because of sin man has fallen. The time before man sinned it was all good. 

Hebrews 2 verse 8

Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.

Verse 8: Man was the crown of God's creation with glory crowned and honor but he lost his crown  and became the slave of sin. God put all in subjection under man. Through sin we see not yet all things are put under him. In Romans 5 verse 17a we read: For if by one man's offence death reigned by one and one judgment came upon all men to condemnation. verse 18! 

Hebrews 2 verse 9

But we see Jesus, Who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that He by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

Verse 9: It is the Lord Jesus Christ Who was made a little lower than the angels with the purpose to die for mankind on the cross! This is done! This is finished! In I Corinthians 15 verses 3 and 4 we readFor I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures. So He was crucified for mankind, He taste death for every man. Yes for you and me and also for people who live after us and also for the people in the Tribulation period after the rapture of the Church. He, our Lord Jesus Christ is crowned with glory and honour! God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a Name which is above every name Philippians 2 verse 9

Hebrews 2 verse 10

For it became Him, for Whom are all things, and by Whom

are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make

the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings

Verse 10: The Lord Jesus Christ is not only the last Adam, He is also the Captain of salvation. This means that He is literally the pioneer: the One Who opens the way for others (men) to follow. The Lord Jesus Christ gave up His glory and became man. He regained His glory when He arose and ascended to heaven to sit on the right hand of the Father. In Philippians 2: 5-11 we read the following verses:Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.  Also beautiful to see here is is the first part of this verse: for Whom are all things and by Whom are all things! God hath everything created by Him. In Colossians 1 verse 16 and 17 we read: For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for Him: And He is before all things, and by him all things consist. He is our Creator and He gave Himself for mankind because He loves men! inclusive us on that cross on Calvary!! He was buried and rose from the grave and ascended into heaven. He lives my brothers and sisters and maketh intercession for us Romans 8 verse 34.  Read this verse! Also in the future under the Great Tribulation the Jews who believe in Him will trust this!!

Hebrews 2 verse 11

 For both He that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren,

Verse 11: Christ is bringing many sons and daughters to glory, also in the future! He sanctified them (these Hebrews) and they are all one in Him sanctified. Christ is united in them and they united in Him. They are spiritually one and in fact He called them brethren. It is a quation of Psalms 22 verse 22: I will declare Thy Name unto my brethren: in de midst of the congregation will I praise Thee! Christ is referred here in this Psalm to His folk Israel as His brethren. This means that those Jewish people here (believers in Christ) and the Son of God Jesus Christ share the same nature and belong to the same family! Not only are those Jews  His brethren but also His children. If the Lord Jesus Christ had not come to earth and become man He couldn't share in His glory. This is also for the Jews, the Hebrew people to whom this letter is addressed. The incarnation, crucifixion and resurrection go together and lead to glory. 

Hebrews 2 verse 12

Saying, I will declare Thy Name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto Thee.

Verse 12: What does this verse mean: I will declare Thy Name unto my brethren. This verse is litterally taken from Psalm 22 verse 22 and in verse 25 of this same Psalm we read: My praise shall be of Thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear Him. This Psalm is about the sufferings of Christ and the crucifixion for mankind! He is never ashamed to call them brethren this folk Israel. This is also this church which is spoken here. Again the incarnation, crucifixion, sufferings and resurrection are going together and will lead to glory and praise to God the Father. This will also take place in the future when Christ will return to earth to reign as King over the whole world and all the Jewish believers in Him shall reign with Him on earth. 

Hebrews 2 verse 13

And again, I will put my trust in Him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.

Verse 13: This is talking about Christ here this verse. Christ fully trusted His Father. He was faithful to Him. Behold I and the children which God hath given me. Again here the children! This is taken from Isaiah 8 verse 18 and we read there: Behold I and the children whom the Lord hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion. The children are the people of Israel, the believers of Israel in Christ, not all Israel but only a minority who will reign with Christ on earth! 

Hebrews 2 verse 14

Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

Verse 14: The children here are the Hebrews, Jewish people. They were partakers of flesh and blood. They were human beings like we. In the first place this verse is written from them. We as members of the Body of Christ are also partakers of flesh and blood. He here is Christ. He Himself took part of the same. He became Man. Our Creator became Man for one purpose and that is that through death. Through His death He might destroy him (satan) that had the power of death. Until the finished work on the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ that He died for mankind the power of death had the devil in his hand. On Calvary on that cross Christ triumphing over satan and his hosts. We read in Colossians 2 verse 15: And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.  The devil is defeated by that cross on Calvary. How wonderful is this my brothers and sisters and this Christ accomplished on Calvary on that cross!!! What a beautiful word this is! Good news my brothers and sisters: The final authority of death is in hte hands of our God

Hebrews 2 verse 15

 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

Verse 15: Satan used the feath of death as a terrible weapon to gain control over the lives of people. The kingdom of satan is one of darkness and death. Here the Jews who are delivered from satan's authority and from the terrible fear of death. This was the purpose of our Lord Jesus Christ to accomplish on Calvary, His burial and resurrection. We too as members of the Body of Christ are delivered from satan's kingdom of darkness and death. We are alive in Christ just like these Jewish believers here in the book of Hebrews. What a wonderful good news!!

Hebrews 2 verse 16

For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.

Verse 16: Our Lord took not on Himself the nature of angels. Why not? Angels are spirits and have no human bodies. To save men He, our Lord Jesus Christ became Man and He took on Him the seed of Abraham. He our Lord Jesus Christ didn't take on Himself the nature of angels in order to save the fallen angels. Instead of this He became lower than the angels to become Man! That was to save mankind: to suffer and die on the cross for them. And not just man in general but He became a Jew, a part of the seed of Abraham. The Jews were despised and hated of the world and yet our Lord became a Jew. In 2 Peter 2 verse 4 we read the following verse: For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

Hebrews 2 verse 17

Wherefore in all things it behoved Him to be made like unto His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

Verse 17: In the first place Christ came for His people Israel. Gentiles were in that time without God in this world and had no hope. Ephesians 2 verse 12: That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world. Christ came only in the first place for His people Israel. He was like them without sin. He was like unto His brethren in that He experienced the sinless infirmities fo human nature. He knew exactly the experience of weariness, hunger and thirst. He knew what it was to be despised and rejected, to be lied about and falsely accused. He experienced physical suffering and death. This was to be High Priest. Through the cross He made reconcilliation for the sins of the people of Israel. Our Lord Jesus Christ is both merciful and faithful. Merciful toward people and faithful toward God. He is the High Priest and can never fail in His Priestly ministry

Hebrews 2 verse 18

 For in that He Himself hath suffered being tempted, He is able to succour them that are tempted.

Verse 18. What a great Word here: He hath suffered when He was tempted by the devil. He could get through this! Why? He is God and He is without sin. He was tempted when He was on earth but no temptation couldn't conquer Him. He has defeated every enemy! To succour here means to bring help when it is needed! Only our Lord can do this, no angels. They only serve God. For Israel He is the High Priest and this He will also be in the future. For us He is our Lord and Head of the Body of Christ. He is also Advocate and represents these Jews  before the throne of God and forgives them if they confess their sins. Our sins are forgiven. We can only thank as members of the Body of Christ for the forgiveness of sins. Colossians 1:14, Ephesians 1:7 through His blood on Calvary! 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hebrews Chapter 3

In this chapter we can read and study that Jesus Christ is superior  to Moses at least three respects. 

Hebrews 3 verse 1

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;

Verse 1: These Hebrews are named holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling. The writer let these Hebrew believers in Christ know that Christ Jesus is the Apostle and High Priest. They partake of the heavenly calling these Hebrews. What does that mean? Partakers is partners according to Luke 5 verse 7a where this is also written: And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. 

In Hebrews 12 verse 8 we read: But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards and not sons. You can see here that this is conditional! These Hebrew believers in Christ were able to give a confession of their faith in Jesus Christ. To say the same thing. Here we read that Jesus Christ is not only the Apostle, He is also the High Priest. Moses was a prophet and served as a priest but was never a high priest. His brother Aaron was high priest. Our Lord Jesus Christ has the title High Priest! In Hebrews 4 verse 14 we read the following verse: Seeing then that we have a great High Priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold our profession. Profession here means confession. This is for the Jews: Jesus Christ is their Hight Priest and also in the future when God is again dealing with Israel. For us in this Dispensation of Grace Ephesians 3:1-3 whereunder we still live our Lord Jesus Christ is our Head. He is the Head of the Body of Christ, the heavenly Church whereunto we belong as members of this my brothers and sisters!

Hebrews 3 verse 2

Who was faithful to Him that appointed Him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. 

Verse 2: Again this verse is about our Lord Jesus Christ. He was and is faithful to Him that is His Father. He was faithful and obeyed 100% His Father. He did the will of His Father. In Philippians 2 verse 5-11 we read accectly what He did:Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. This was the work God gave Him to do and He was faithful and did this! He did the Work of God and obeyed it: to die for all mankind, for the world and beared all the sins of this world yes the sins from you and me upon Himself on the cross. He was buried and rose from the grave! I Corinthians 15:3-4!

Hebrews 3 verse 3

For this Man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.

Verse 3: This verse is talking about Christ. For the Jews in the future He will be again the High Priest and Apostle and is more counted worthy of more glory than Moses. The word house is used here 6 times. It refers to the people of God Israel. Mosed ministered to israel, the people of God under the Old Testament. Moses is the servant in the house while Christ is the Son over the house. Moses was a member of the household but our Lord Jesus Christ is the One Who built the house. God built all things and our Lord Jesus Christ buit God's house, then our Lord Jesus Christ must be God.  

Hebrews 3 verse 4

For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.

Verse 4: The house of Israel God made we know now. Every house which is builded is builded by some man. God built everything. He is the Creator. What a wonderful God we have my dear brothers and sisters! 

Hebrews 3 verse 5

And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;

Verse 5: The writer of the book of Hebrews let those believing Jews know about Moses who was faithful in all his house namely the house of Israel as a servant.  Again Moses was a servant for the testimony of thoses things which were to be spoken after. He, Moses spoke of the things which would come but our Lord Jesus Christ brought the fulfillment of these things. The things which were to be spoken after. Moses was a servant or slave. Moses after he gave up his resistance against God he obeyed God out of a heart of love and devotion. A beautiful example also for us brothers and sisters to do things with pleasure instead of resist it. 

Hebrews 3 verse 6

 But Christ as a Son over His own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.

Verse 6: Christ the Son of God the Father is over His own house namely Israel en those Jews/Hebrews are part of this house: the house of Israel. These Jews live during the Tribulation period and have to hold fast the confidence= belief that one can have faith in or rely on the Lord Jesus Christ and rejoice of the hope firm unto the end. They have to believe and rejoice in their hope: their hope is the Kingdom on earth and Christ as King. They have to hold this fast otherwise they will be lost. Firm here is to hold fast and not to change. 

Hebrews 3 verse 7

Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear His voice,

Verse 7 These Jews will be remembered also in the future when they should live in the Tribulation period that the Holy Spirit of God saith to them: Hear His voice! They have to listen to the voice of God the Son Jesus Christ. Take heed. The sad history of the nation Israel is a important lesson for these Jews here. Here this verse and the other verse 8 are a taken from Psalms 95 verses 7-11. Verse 7: For He is our God; and we are the people of His pasture, and the sheep of His hand. to day if ye will hear His voice. 

Hebrews 3 verse 8

Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Verse 8: The writer here told these Hebrews whereunto this epistle is written: harden not your hearts like your forefathers did. They rebelled against God in the day of temptaion in the wilderness. The problem of every problem is a problem of the heart of man. The people of Israel erred in their hearts which is the meaning that their hearts wandered from God and His Word. When a person has an erring heart and a disbelieving heart the result will also be a hard heart. So hard was the heart of Israel that the people would return to Egypt. And this is a warning to these Jews not going back to disbelieve but believe in Christ and continue therein, to hold fast. 

Hebrews 3 verse 9

When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.

Verse 9: The fathers of those Hebrews here unto this epistle is written were reminded to them. They tempted God, proved God and saw also the works of God for a long time namely forty years. Forty years is a generation my dear brothers and sisters! That generation was condemned to die in the wilderness.  Why they hadn't trust God that He would lead them in the promissed land.  They only new generation after them would enter the land of Canaan.  

Hebrews 3 vers 10

Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.

Verse 10: Who is speaking here in this verse? Answer God! He was grieved. What does that mean? Feel intense sorrow about. God has feelings my dear brothers and sisters. It grieved Him that He acted with that generation who tempted Him, who proved Him and saw His works forty years in the wilderness. They saw His works and yet their heart was not right. They didn't believe in Him and had not known His ways said the Lord. During the entire forty years this generation of Israel wandered in the wilderness. Not long after they were freed from Egypt they began to provoke God. In Exodus 16 verse 1-4 we read: And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.  And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:  And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. After he gave them food in the form of bread they complained about the lack of water. We read that in Exodus 17 verses 1-17. That place was called Massah and Meribah and the meaning of this is provocation and trial. The sin of Israel we read in verse 12 of this chapter 3. It is called apostasy. Israel departed from the living God that's why it grieved God. 

Hebrews 3 verse 11

So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.

Verse 11: God said I sware in my wrath. What does that mean? Because of My anger I swore said the Lord. The consequence of their rebellion was that they did not enter into God's rest. They couldn't enter the land of Canaan. Canaan land was rest of Israel and that is a picture of the spiritual rest we find in Christ my brother and sister. We have peace with God through Christ Jesus Romans 5 verse 1: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Israel had to obey God and doing this they would enter the land of Canaan what God promissed them but they rebelled against Him and didn't believe Him so this whole generation didn't enter into the land of Canaan, did not enter into God's rest. 

Hebrews 3 verse 12

Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.

Verse 12: Departing from the living God here is the Greek word apostasy. In fact the writer here tells his brothers to be awake than nobody of them would depart from the living God through an evil heart of unbelief. These brothers will also live in the future and in the Tribulation period and in Mattheuw 13 verse 20 and 21: But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. The writer here is careful to point out that the confidence to have salvation is no excuse for sin. Believers in the Great Tribulation have no certainty in the faith. They must continue to believe and hold fast the faith until the end when our Lord will come on earth as King of kings. 

Hebrews 3 verse 13

 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

Verse 13: These believing Hebrews in Christ here in this verse are admonished to exhort one another daily. What does the word exhort mean? To urge, encourage! They have to do this daily. In times of Great Tribulation and persecutions this will be very difficult but they have to do it! Why? That not any of them fell into the deceitfulness of sin. That is the lie of sin. The devil in the time of the Great Tribulation have more power on earth so this is for persons easier to believe the lies of the devil with the AntiChrist and the false Prophet with signs and wonders. So these Hebrew believers in Christ has to continue in the faith of Christ and exhort each other to continue. The writer urged those brothers and sisters here!!

Hebrews 3 verse 14

For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;

Verse 14: Made partakers of Christ. What does that mean partaker? Answer: a person who joins in an activity or action. So the Hebrew inclusive the writer to the Hebrews says that they are made partakers/join Christ. The second thing here in this verse is a requirement: if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end. They have to hold fast their trust in Christ, in God. In Hebrews 10 verses 35 and 36 we read: Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise. They have to do the will of God and keep trusting Him in Christ so that they might receive God's promise. They have not to fall in sin but believe all the time. 

Hebrews 3 verse 15

While it is said, To day if ye will hear His voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.

Verse 15 : Again a admonishing for these Hebrew believers. Again a requirement: If ye will hear His voice!  They have not to harden their hearts as their forefathers did in the provocation. They have not to follow this example from the past. If they continue in the faith and hear His voice constantly then they will receive God's promise that they would reign with Him on earth. 

Hebrews 3 verse 16

For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.

Verse 16: Some Israelites, some Jews in the past after that they heard the voice of God did provoke. They didn't want to listen and didn't do the will of God and hardened their hearts. Not all of them who came out of Egypt by Moses provoke against God like Joshua and Kaleb and many Levites. They believed the Lord and didn't provoke! That's why they later entered the land of Canaan and came in God's rest. There was always a leftover and God dealt with these people. 

Hebrews 3 verse 17

But with whom was He grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?

Verse 17: For sure God was grieved forty days with the ones who provoked against Him and through this sinned. They couldn't enter the promised land Canaan and had to die in the desert/wilderness. This whole generation except Joshua and Caleb and other Levites who didn't provoke but listened to the voice of God later entered the land of Canaan.  God forbid the people who provoked to enter the land of Canaan, to enter into His rest. Today we have peace with God through Christ and rest in His finished work of Christ. If we don't obey today, if we sin,  it has not the consequences as for these Hebrews in the past. We remain sons and daughters of Him through Jesus Christ. 2 Timothy 2 verse 13 tells us this: If we believe not, yet He abideth faithful: He cannot deny Himself. 

Hebrews 3 verse 18

And to whom sware He that they should not enter into His rest, but to them that believed not?

Verse 18: It swared God. As we have seen in verse 10: God was grieved with that generation who didn't believed in Him. Who didn't listen to His voice. Who provoked. Who didn't know His ways.  God swared that this generation should not enter His rest: to enter the land of Canaan. In Deuteronomy 1 verse 34 and 35 we read: And the Lord heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware saying. Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers"

Hebrews 3 verse 19

So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

Verse 19: The writer reminds these believing Jews that their forefathers couldn't enter the Good land, the land of Canaan of milk and honey. They couldn't enter into His rest and that was that land! Because of what? Because of unbelief and rebellion against God and not repenting. This is a part of the History of Israel and always they rebelled and sinned against God as long as God was dealing with them. 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hebrews 4

This chapter is a better rest for the Jews who believe in God! 

Hebrews 4 verse 1

Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.

Verse 1: With the bad example of their forefathers of Israel these Jews are remembered to be therefore to fear and then there will be left to them inclusive the writer who wrote this to enter into His rest. They have to be careful that they will not fail  to believe Gods Word and trust Him because Gods Word is mixed with believing it, trusting it. Any of them came short of it. This is what the writer heard of them. That's why he admonish them here in this verse. The rest here what God has for them and they can enter is in Christ. It is believing for them and  to enter into His rest. 

Hebrews 4 verse 2

 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the Word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.

Verse 2: The Gospel of the Kingdom was preached to them in the past, to the leaders of the folk Israel. But the Word of God preached to them did not profit them. Why not. They didn't believe it. They heard it, yes they heard it but it was not mixed with faith. They didn't believe it just like now people in this world under this Dispensation of Grace Ephesians 34:1-3 hear the Good News of the cross and about salvation and eternal life but don't believe it.  So this people in the past in Israel didn't believe. It didn't change their hearts because they were stubborn and didn't want it.

Hebrews 4 verse 3

For we which have believed do enter into rest, as He said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. 

Verse 3: The writer of the Hebrew epistle writes here For we which have believed. Who are the we? The writer and these believing Jews to whom he writes here. The ones who believe do enter into rest of God. And God said this through the writer here! God said I have sworn in my wrath if they shall enter into my rest: that is the spiritual rest in Christ!  If they come to Christ by faith (also in the future during the Tribulation period) they find rest and salvation in Him. Matthew 11 verse 28 tells us this: Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Our Lord Jesus Christ told the people that when He was on earth and it is also a general verse here because this works! The works of God were finished from the foundation of the world. It is obeying God through faith if they will dot that and let His will work in them that they have rest in Him. It is continueing to believe in Him and not to stop believing. That is that if! 

Hebrews 4 verse 4

For He spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all His works.

Verse 4: God did rest on the seventh day from all His works.In Genesis 2 verse 2 and 3 we read: And on the seventh day God ended His work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all His work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified  it; because that in it He had rested from all His work which God created and made. 

Hebrews 4 verse 5

And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.

Verse 5: In this place again speaks God. If means it is a condition: if they (the Jews, Israel) sahll enter into my rest and that is Christ. We as members of the Body of Christ unlike these Hebrew believers in Christ have uncontional the rest in Christ. We have peace with God. We rest in the finished Work of Christ. We have not to work for it anymore. Romans 5 verse 1 tells us: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. We have this already and not as these Jews here to enter it, to reach it. For them it is a must. For us not. So here the Jews has to believe and work for their salvation. 

Hebrews 4 verse 6

Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:

Verse 6: There remain some people, a little flock from which our Lord spoke when He was on earth, some Jews/Hebrews who will enter into His rest and that is Christ. They to whom it was first preached. That was Israel in the wilderness who didn't trust God to enter the land of Canaan. Canaan was a type of Christ. They were afraid because of the giants who lived there in that land, they were afraid to fight and conquer the land and forgot in their unbelief that God would fight for them. That's why they didn't enter the land of Canaan and died in the desert. It was forbidden from God for that generation to enter the land of Canaan. 

Hebrews 4 verse 7

 Again, He limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.

Verse 7: God limiteth a certain day for Israel. Through David the King He said this. This was after a long time. God said Today if ye will hear His voice, My voice harden not your hearts as your fathers and forefathers but listen to My Word, to My voice.  Don't delay the Lord will say to these Jews which the writer of the Hebrews letter called them and he use this verse from the past when God was calling the Jews through David.  This will be the call also for the future when the Jews will undergo the Great Tribulation. They have not to harden their hearts like their fathers because they will with such a attitude of refusing not enter the Kingdom of Heaven on earth and will not reign with Christ on earth 1000 years. 

Hebrews 4 verse 8

 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would He not afterward have spoken of another day.

Verse 8: They will not have rest until that day and that's why our Lord Jesus Christ speaks about another day. The day in the future will be the day that they will enter into His rest. That He will be King on earth and reign 1000 years. That He will return on earth as a thief in the night. The day of the Lord. This is what the writer to the Hebrews is telling them. This is that day, that certain day which the Lord is speaking of. 

Hebrews 4 verse 9

There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.

Verse 9: Very important for the Jews who believe in Christ also in the future that there remain therefore a rest for them in Christ. In that day, the day of the Lord who believe in Him, will have the rest in Him. 

Hebrews 4 verse 10

For he that is entered into His rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.

Verse 10: He that entered into His rest. This is refering here to our Lord Jesus Christ. God rested when He finished the work of Creation. God's Son rested when He completed the work  The person here  may enter into His rest by trusting His Word and obeying His will and do the works God which God give him to do and will continue till and stop at the moment he or she will enter into His rest when the Lord will come on earth on the Day of the Lord. The person will enter into the Millenium Kingdom and will reign with Christ. We as members of the Body of Christ rest in the finished work of the cross. We have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Oh so beautiful to see. We as believers have not like these Jews here in this verse to believe and work and on a certain day rest in Him. We already have the rest in Him the moment we believed in Him. Let us read Romans 5 verse 1: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 

Hebrews 4 verse 11

Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.

Verse 11: My dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. This is exactly what those Jews, Hebrews has to do in the future, in the Great Tribulation they undergo: they have to labour before enter into that rest of God, to enter the Kingdom on earth on the day of the Lord. They have not to fall after the same example as their fathers in the past through unbelief but believe and labour. Believe and work they have to do to enter the rest which God will give them in Christ in the Kingdom. We brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ under this Dispensation of Grace have already this rest, this peace with God. We have not to labour for it. We are saved by His Grace through His Faith in Christ alone Ephesians 2:8-9. We have this position in Christ which God freely have given us! What a wonderful God we have my dear brothers and sisters!!!

Hebrews 4 vese 12

For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Verse 12: This is what the Word of God does and what effect it has on a person and what the Word of God, the Bible is. The Word of God is sharper than any twodedged sword. This means it is very, very sharp. The writer of the Hebrew epistle suggest not that God uses His Word to slaughter the saints. The truth is that the Word of God cuts the heart of sinners with conviction and that the Word of God defeats satan. In Acts 5 verse 33 we read about the Pharisees and leaders of the folk Israel this: When they heard that, they were cut to the heart, and took counsel to slay.  them" And in Acts 7 verse 54 with Stephen: When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth". The Greek word translated sword means a short sword or dagger. The Word of God is a discerner or critic. The Israelites in the past criticized Gods Word instead of allowing the Word to judge them. They lost their inheritance. God knows our hearts Hebrews 4 verse 13. But we as human beings know not always what is there Jeremiah 17:9. Through Gods Word God let us see the sin and unbelief in our hearts. The Word of God exposes our hearts and then if we trust God the Word enables our hearts to obey God and claim His promises. 

Hebrews 4 verse 13

Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in His sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.

Verse 13: No human person, no animal on this earth, nor trees etc is not manifest in His sight. God sees everything!!! All things are naked and opened for His eyes. You cannot hide yourself for Him because He sees you and knows your heart. All things are naked and opened. 

Hebrews 4 verse 14

Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

Verse 14: These believing Jews have in the future just before the Day of the Lord under the Tribulation period a great High Priest. That is not a high priest they had on earth like Aaron but the Lord Jesus Christ Who is in heaven and He is the Son of God. Let us hold fast our profession. Let us hold fast our faith in Him, in Christ this means here in this verse. For them He is the High Priest. For us He is our Head, Jesus Christ and our Savior under this Dispensation of Grace my brothers and sisters! He is now not named the High Priest. That He is for Israel and in the future! 

Hebrews 4 verse 15

For we have not an High Priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

Verse 15: The we are the Jews here. The High Priest Jesus Christ. He cannot be touched with the feeling of the infirmities of the believing Jews here. And also our infirmities my brothers and sisters although He is our Head and we are the members of His Body. He was in all tempted just like we. We are sinners and everyday we are tempted but He was tempted without sin. He didn't sin. Why not? He is 100% Man and 100% God. God cannot sin. That is impossible. 

Hebrews 4 verse 16

Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

Verse 16: The way to the throne of Grace of God is free through the Lord Jesus Chrst Who is also their High Priest and for them it is to come boldly to this throne of Grace of God that they may obtain mercy and find Grace of God to help them in time of need. In Ephesians 2 verse 18 we read the following verse: For through Him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father. For us members of the Body of Christ the way is always open to God. Here people of the Jews are asked to come boldly unto the throne of Grace of God that they may obtain mercy. We have the mercy of God everyday. We have not to reach that like these Jews here. 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hebrews chapter 5

Most of the part of this chapter is about Christ Who is the High Priest for the Jews/Hebrews and the 

human high priest and what his task was.  

Hebrews 5 verse 1

 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins:

Verse 1: Aaron was the first high priest of Israel and chosen by God. He was duly ordained and installed in office. This we read in Exodus 28!  He was chosen from men to minister for men. His main task was this: to offer sacrifices God had appointed. The sacrifices were offered in the right place by the right person like Aaron otherwise they weren't accepted by God. Once a year the high priest sacrificed for himself and made a sacrifice to God for all the people of Israel for their sins. In Hebrews 8 verse 3 we read: For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. 

Hebrews 5 verse 2

Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity.

Verse 2: The high priest under the Old Testament had to minister to people who were ignorant and out of the way. God made no provision but judgment fro high handed sins of rebellion. A example  we read in Exodus 21-12-14, Numbers 15, 27-31. God did make provision when people sinned  through ignorance or weakness. An Old Testament priest  could identify himself with the sinners  since he himself was a sinner. On the day of Atonement the high priest had to offer first for himself before he could offer one for the nation. We read this in Leviticus 16 en Hebrews 9:7: But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people. 

Hebrews 5 verse 3

And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.

Verse 3: Aaron and the high priests of Israel who followed Aaron in this function were all weak, sinners and had to offer for sins for the folk and for themselves because they were also  sinners. In Leviticus 9 verse 7 and 8 we read the following verses: And Moses said unto Aaron, Go unto the altar, and offer thy sin offering, and thy burnt offering, and make an atonement for thyself, and for the people: and offer the offering of the people, and make an atonement for them; as the Lord commanded. Aaron therefore went unto the altar, and slew the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself.

Hebrews 5 verse 4

And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron.

Verse 4: No man taketh this honour unto himself. This is to become a high priest. Everyone who was a high priest was called of God as was Aaron. All of these high priests were sinners and were no better than another person of the folk Israel. God called them these high priests as Aaron We read in Exodus 28 verse 1: And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.

Hebrews 5 verse 5

So also Christ glorified not Himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto Him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.

Verse 5: Even not our Lord Jesus Christ glorified Himself to be made an High Priest. God the Father made Him a High Priest because He ordained Him and said also Thou art my Son, today have I begotten Thee! Ths let you see the Lord Jesus Christ was obeying His Father and never gloried in Himself. Why not? He was and is without sin because He couldn't and cannot sin because He is God Himself. He did not appoint Himself as High Priest. He was appointed by God the Father. In Psalm 2 verse 7 we already see there: I will declare the decree: the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; thi day have I begotten thee. These words refer not to the birth of Christ at Bethlehem, but to His ressurection from the dead. The son of God was begotten into a glorious new life in His ressurection! He ascended to heaven in a glorified body to become the High Priest at the throne of Grace! 

Hebrews 5 verse 6

As He saith also in another place, Thou art a Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Verse 6: What does it mean Melchisedec? This is King of Justice, righteousness. Christ is the Priest after the order of Melchisedec. For the believing Jews in the future after the Rapture of the Church, Christ is the High Priest and the Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Melchisedec was King of Salem. In Genesis 14 verse 18 we read about Him: As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. When Christ is King over the earth and reign from Jerusalem, Zion, then He is High Priest and King of righteousness, justice. For us my dear brothers and sisters, we who live under the Dispensation of Grace, our Lord Jesus Christ is our Head and we are the members of His Body I Corinthians 12: 27: Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

Hebrews 5 verse 7

Who in the days of His flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto Him that was able to save Him from death, and was heard in that He feared;

Verse 7: This verse is about our Lord Jesus Christ in the garden of Gethsemane just before His capture and crucifixion. He knew very well what kind of death He would die on the cross! We read in Matthew 26 verses 36-46 the following verses: Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.  And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.  And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.  And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour?  Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.  He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.  And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words. Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me. Our Lord said to His Father in heaven: Thy will be done!! Sure He feared it but He trusted 100% His Father in heaven so He was obedient to the death on the cross for mankind! He knew before the cross what would follow, His death and resurrection and exaltation! 

Hebrews 5 verse 8

Though He were a Son, yet learned He obedience by the things which He suffered;

Verse 8: Jesus Christ, the Son of God. 100% Man and 100% God. When He was on earth in the appearance of Man He learned to be obedient through the things He suffered. In Philippians 2 verse 5-10 we read the following verses: Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; In these verses we read what He did and what He has done for us mankind, yes for you and me! He was obedient and became obedient to His Father unto death, the death of the cross. He died on the cross for us mankind, in our place because we couldn't pay for our sins that's why He without sin died for us there on Calvary. 

Hebrews 5 verse 9

And being made perfect, He became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey Him;

Verse 9: The Lord Jesus Christ is perfect: 100% Man without sin en 100% God without sin. He is sinless, eternal Son of God and because he offered a perfect sacrifice, Himself a sacrifice for mankind is He the Author of eternal salvation. No Old Testament priest could offer eternal salvation to anyone but that is exactly what we have in the Lord Jesus Christ. Being made perfect here in this verse does not mean  that our Lord was imperfect. The word means made complete by means of His earthly sufferings. The Lord Jesus Christ was equipped for His heavenly ministry as the High Priest here. He is able to save, keep and strengthen His people Israel.  What doe it mean this last phrase unto all them that obey Him? To obey here means is the same as to trust God. That are the ones who have put their faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. 

Hebrews 5 verse 10

Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.

Verse 10: Our Lord Jesus Christ is called from God the Father an High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Who was Melchisedec? In Hebrews 7 verse 1,2, 3 and 4 we read over Melchisedec : For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. In Psalm 110 verse 1-7 we read also about the order of Melchizedek. This whole Psalm we know is about Christ: The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedec.  The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.  He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.

Hebrews 5 verse 11

 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing.

Verse 11: The writer to the Hebrew believers says that about Melchisedec there are so many things to say. For these Hebrew believers so difficult to understand because they are so slow to hear. Because they were like children. They had to be teachers as we see in the next verse: ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God. The impression of the writer of this epistle was right: they were like children and  they were no adults in knowledge and walk. 

Hebrews 5 verse 12

 For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of God; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat.

Verse 12: These Hebrews, ought to be teachers. That they teach other people from the Word of God but they were babes in knowledge like the Corinth believers. They need to be teached from someone else and teached first the principles of the oracles of God. What are those principles of the oracles of God? Answer: The Doctrine of Christ, Repentance from Dead Works, Faith toward God, The Doctrine of Baptisms, Laying on of Hands, Resurrection of the Dead. They needed the milt and not strong meat because they were spiritual babies and not adults in knowledge and walk. They were new, inexperienced, babes, so they had to be teached from persons who could teach them first the milk and later on the strong meat. 

Hebrews 5 verse 13

 For every one that useth milk is unskilful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.

Verse 13: Brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. This verse is a general Word of God. If you use only milk and can only bear milk you are a babe in Christ. A example we see with the Corinthian believers. In I Corinthians 2 verses 1-3 we read the following verses: And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto babes in Christ. I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able. For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? This is what the apostle Paul said to the brothers and sisters in the church at Corinth. They were babes. They were not able to bear strong meat and this is the same with the Jewish believers here in this epistle to the Hebrews! And now under this Dispensation of Grace there are thousands of people who are babes in Christ and want not to grow and cannot bear strong meat. A question for you dear reader: do you want to grow in the spiritual life or do you want remain a babe in Christ?  The ones who are babes in Christ they are unskinful in the Word of righteousness. This is now at this moment and this will be also in the future when this epistle shall be read and studied under the Great Tribulation. Unskinful because he or she is a babe. 

Hebrews 5 verse 14

But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil. 

Verse 14: The strong meat is for them that are of full age. Who are growing and are grown up in the spiritual life. It depends on the will of the person. He or she can choose. They have exercised and experienced and have a will to grow and know exactly and very well what is good and what is evil, what is the Word of God for them and what not and what is sin/evil.  This is also valid for this Dispensation whereunder we live now: the Dispensation of the Grace of God. For us as members who have the strong meat of the Body of Christ. This is also valid for these Jews here where this epistle is addressed to. 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hebrews Chapter 6

Hebrews 6 verse 1

 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God.

 

Verse 1: What does this verse mean? The writer to the Hebrews exhort them to leave the principles of the doctrine of Christ. Doctrine of Christ! Yes the doctrine which Christ told on earth in His earthly ministry and what followed until Acts chapter 8. He admonish them to go unto perfection and not go to the teachings which they knew very well like repentance from dead works , from faith toward God. Now they heard from the perfection and that was the purpose on that moment. Dead works here means: rules and rituals is not what saved them  and also not in the future under the Great Tribulation. It is the Law of Moses under which they were imperfect those Jewish believers. Now the perfection was available to reach. We know under this Dispensation of Grace under which we live brothers and sisters from Colossians 2 verse 10 that we are perfect, made whole in Christ Who is our Head and we are the Body, the Body of Christ. God sees us perfect. We have not to reach it. We are perfect in Christ. They,  these Hebrew believers, have to reach it and have on that moment the writer wrote it still not reached!

Hebrews 6 verse 2

Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment. 

Verse 2: In the future these Jews, Hebrews, circumcised people shall leave this: doctrine of baptisms, laying on of hands, resurrection of the dead , eternal judgment. Baptisms and laying on of hands: the baptisms is plural and has to do with washings. Hebrews 9 verse 10.  While water itself can never cleanse sin of men I Peter 3 verse 21. The laying on of hands  symbolized the sharing fo some blessing or setting apart of a person for ministry. The resurrection of the dead and the final judgment have to do with the future. The ressurection of the saved and the ressurection of the lost. 

Hebrews 6 verse 3

And this will we do, if God permit.

Verse 3: If God permit. They will leave the principles of the doctrine of Christ, the doctrine of baptisms, laying on of hands, resurrection of the dead, eternal judgment. If the time is there and this is not necessary anymore they will leave this. God will determine this in the future for them these believing Jews, Hebrews. 

Hebrews 6 verse 4

For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,

Verse 4: What does this mean: for those who were once enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost. They fall away and this is the sin of apostasy. This is dreadful. They may taste of the Good Word of God and hear the Word of God with pleasure and talked about it and yet never have it dwelling richly in them, so they fall in apostasy and that is sin. 

Hebrews 6 verse 5

And have tasted the good word of God, and the powers of the world to come,

Verse 5: These people which are spoken of have tasted the good Word of God and the powers of the world to come: the Kingdom which would come. But they fall in apostasy and left it! This will happen also in the Great Tribulation! 

Hebrews 6 verse 6

If they shall fall away, to renew them again unto repentance; seeing they crucify to themselves the Son of God afresh, and put Him to an open shame.

Verse 6: If those people shall fall away what will happen? What are the consequences of their falling away. They can never turn to God again! This is the great misery of the apostates.  They declare than that they approve fo what the Jews did in crucifying Christ and that they would be glad to do the same thing again.  Think about this my brothers and sisters. And praise God that we live not in the same situation now under the Dispensation of Grace.  Whatever sin we do God has forgiven us through the blood of Christ on Calvary Ephesians 1:7, Colossians 1:14

Hebrews 6 verse 7

For the earth which drinketh in the rain that cometh oft upon it, and bringeth forth herbs meet for them by whom it is dressed, receiveth blessing from God:

Vers 7: The writer tells us here in verse 7 and 8 about the believer in God and the unbeliever without God. Believers  do not only taste of the Word of God, they drink it in like the earth drinketh in the rain taht cometh oft upon it. And this good ground bringeth forth fruit.  This fruit field or the garden receives blessings from God. God is working there!!

Hebrews 6 verse 8

But that which beareth thorns and briers is rejected, and is nigh unto cursing; whose end is to be burned.

Verse 8: But the one who beareth thorns and briers is rejected, condemnable. It is believing and also working for the believers in Christ. The fruit he or she has to let see.  The one here is the unbeliever and he is nigh unto cursing. The end is terrible: to be burned. Thats the final destination of the unbeliever. He beareth thorns and briers and those things are rejected by God.

Hebrews 6 verse 9

But, beloved, we are persuaded better things of you, and things that accompany salvation, though we thus speak.

Verse 9: The writer is convinced here of these believers of better things of them. Not every believer bears the same amount of fruit what we can read in Matthew 13 verse 23: But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. Every believer bears the same kind of fruit as proof that he is a child of God.  We read Matthew 7:15-20Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them. These fruits accompany salvation. You can recognize on the fruits if someone is saved. 

Hebrews 6 verse 10

For God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labour of love, which ye have shewed toward His name, in that ye have ministered to the saints, and do minister.

Verse 10: God is righteous. He knows everything and never forget things. So He forget not the work and labour of these believing Hebrews who did this in Gods love. With this they had shewed it toward His Name, towards God's Name. With this love of God in them they ministered to the saints with work and labour and on the moment the writer of the Hebrews wrote to them they still ministered. These work and labour of love are things that accompany salvation. From this you can see that someone under this prophecy is saved. 

Hebrews 6 verse 11

And we desire that every one of you do shew the same diligence to the full assurance of hope unto the end:

Verse 11: The writer and probably co workers desire something from these Hebrew believers namely that everyone of them shew the same zeal of diligence to the full assurance of hope. What does that mean? The hope is the Kingdom on earth and that they will reign with Jesus Christ on earth and Christ as their King. They have to show this unto the end till the Lord will come on earth. This is what the writer desires from them. 

Hebrews 6 verse 12

That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises.

Verse 12: What does it mean that ye be not slothful? Be not lazy of inactive but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises. Man from nature is slothful we know and this is a admonishing of the writer to these Hebrews to follow Abrahams example through faith and patience inherit the promises of God. And like the other fathers of Israel did. This example they have to follow and sure in the Tribulation period. They have to exercise faith and patientce and claim these promises for themselves like Caleb and Joshua who believe to claim the land Canaan. Here for them is to look to the Kingdom on earth and Christ as their King 1000 years and that they will reign with Him. 

Hebrews 6 verse 13

For when God made promise to Abraham, because He could swear by no greater, He sware by Himself,

Verse 13: God made a promise to Abraham. Over which promise we are talking about here? The answer is in Genesis 22:16-17: And said, By myself have I sworn, saith theLord, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; In spite of Abraham's failures and sins God kept His promise and Isaac was born. Many of God's promises depend not on our character but on His faithfulness. God is faithful and men unfaithful from nature.  There is no greater person than God Himself so He sware by Himself. God is without sin. Man not, man is a sinner by nature Romans 5 verse 12.

Hebrews 6 verse 14

Saying, Surely blessing I will bless thee, and multiplying I will multiply thee.

Verse 14: This is exactly what is written in Genesis 22:16-17. What God promissed Abraham. His seed shall be as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is upon the sea shore and Abrahams seed shall possess the gate of hsi enemies. God would bless Abraham. Abraham believed God and this was counted for righteousness. Read Romans 4 verse 3. 

Hebrews 6 verse 15

And so, after he had patiently endured, he obtained the promise.

Verse 15: Abraham endured patiently this! What did he patiently endured? The promise of God. He believed God at His Word. So after a long time Abraham obtained the promise of the son God gave him and that He would multiply his seed as the stars of heaven. What a example! This man Abraham believed God at His Word and waited patiently. Abraham wasn't impatient in this!

Hebrews 6 verse 16

For men verily swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.

Verse 16: Men swear by the greater: That is God. Other swearings or oaths are condemned by Gods Word. We read in Deuteronomy 6 verse 13 the following verse: Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve Him, and shalt swear by His Name and in Jeremiah 4 verse 2: And thou shalt swear, The Lord liveth, in truth, in judgment, and in righteousness, and the nations shall bless themselves in Him, and in Him shall they glory. Only God knows the hearts of men! God not only gave Abraham a promise, but He also confirmed that promise with an oath. When a witness takes an oath in court, he is confronted with the words so help me God. None is greater than God so He swore by Himself. God did not do this only for Abraham He has also given His promise and oath to the heirs of promise.

Hebrews 6 verse 17

Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath

Verse 17: God did not only this for Abraham. He has also given His promise and oath to the heirs of promise. Abraham and his descendants are the first of these heirs. We read in Hebrews 11 verse 9 the following verse: By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise. God confirmed it by an oath. 

Hebrews 6 verse 18

That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie,

we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:

Verse 18: Two immutable things! By this they, these Hebrew believers,  might have a strong consolation. What are those two immutable things? First the promise and second God's oath by which He comfirmed the promise. God we see here cannot lie. In 2 Timothy 2 verse 13 we read the following verse: If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful: He cannot deny Himself. God cannot lie, it is and was impossible for Him to lie. Why not? He cannot deny Himself. He is God and without sin. How can He lie? They fled for refuge, these Hebrews and hold upon the hope that is before them. What is that hope? The Kingdom on earth and that Christ will be their King and that they will reign with Him on earth. Their hope will be on this earth. This the hope for Israel. For the little flock which Christ called them. 

Hebrews 6 verse 19

 Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;

Verse 19: These Hebrew believers have this hope as an anchor of the soul. This earthly hope: the Kingdom of Heaven on earth and Christ the King reigning 1000 years. This hope is for them sure and stedfast. They will enter this Kingdom on earth through Christ and that is the veil. He made it possible that they can enter this Kingdom on earth.  Our hope is not like these Hebrew believers my brother and sister!  We have a heavenly hope. Read I Thessalonians 4:13-18. 

Hebrews 6 verse 20

 Whither the forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus, made an High Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Verse 20: The Forerunner entered and that is the Lord Jesus Christ. This is what we can read in Hebrews 10 verse 19 and 20: Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh. He entered first our Lord Jesus Christ through the veil and that is His flesh into the holiest. He gave His life for them and also for us and that's why He is an High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Christ is the High Priest forever!

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Hebrews Chapter 7

Hebrews 7 verse 1

For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;

Verse 1: This Melchisedec. The Name Melchisedec: the name is composed from the two elements: melek (h), "king", and sedeq,  which means either "righteousness" or the proper name Zedek.  The writer goes on to explain to them who Melchisedec was. Melchisedec was King of Salem and priest of the most high God. He was priest of God. We go back to Genesis 14 verse 18-20: And Melchisedec king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And He blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And He gave him tithes of all. King of Salem. This name is from Shalem (Hebrew) and this is the same as complete, full, just, made ready, peaceable, perfect, quiet, whole. Shalem is an early name of Jerus. This Melchisedec met Abraham when Abraham had defeated the kings and blessed him what we have read. Abrham give this King of Salem tithes of all he had. This we read in the following verse 2

Hebrews 7 verse 2

To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

Verse 2: Abraham gave a tenth part of all he had to Melchisedec. The Name of Melchisedec is significant. In the Bible names and their meanings are often important. The Name of Melchizedek means king of righteousness. Salem what we already in verse 1 said is peace and the Hebrew word is shalom. So Melchisedec is kig of peace and king of righteousness. In Psalm 85 verse 10 we read this. God's purpose of His folk Israel is that they bear the peaceable fruit of righteousness Hebrews 12:10-11. Through the work of Jesus Christ on the cross it is only that righteousness and peace could have kissed each other. Under the Jewish law the Jewish were commanded to give God one tenth of their crops, herds and flocks. We read in Leviticus 27: 30-32: And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the Lord's: it is holy unto the LordAnd if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto theLord. Tithes were brought to the Levites at the tabernacle and later at the temple Deuteronium 12:5. Tithing did not originate with Moses. Abraham practized tithing long before the Law was given. But what Abraham gave this was the spoils of war, not the legalistic tithe of the land what later was asked under Moses law.

Hebrews 7 verse 3

Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

Verse 3: Here we read that Melchisedec was and is without father, without mother, without descent, have no beginning nor end of life. From eternity to eternity He lives. Is priest of the most High God. Is made like unto the Son of God. He is a priest continually.  Abraham (Abram) met Melchisedec before there were any Israelites or Jews, even before Jacob was born, even several years before uncircumcised Abram became circumcised Abraham. We should be interested to learn all we can about Melchisedec because Christ is a Priest after the order of Melchisedec. Melchisedec is something mysterious. Under the Old Testament made with Israel the priests of God presented man to God. Only Christ in this Dispensation of Grace can do this. Christ without beginning of days, nor end of life, is a Priest after the order of Melchisedec and not after the order of Aaron.  Aaron and his successors died but Christ has an unchageable Priesthood. Hebrews 7:23 and 24

Hebrews 7 verse 4

Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

Verse 4: This Melchisedec came suddenly and disappeared also suddenly. It is written here how great this man was. Again Abram gave tenth of the spoils. Abram gave  the spoils of war, not the legalistic tithe of the land what later was asked under Moses law.

Hebrews 7 verse 5

And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:

verse 5: The sons of Levi, the Levites had to receive the office of the priesthood and got the commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law. The tiths came from Abraham from his loins. So when their father Abraham acknowledged the greatness of Melchizedek, the tribe of Levi was also involved.  The paying of the tithes involved not just the patriarch Abraham but also the unborn generations in his loins. Jesus Christ cmae of the seed of Abraham but He is the eternal Son of god. His identification with Abraham was for the days of His flesh Hebrews 5 verse 7. He was before Abraham, He existed before Abraham John 8 verse 58. He couldn't have been in Abraham as were Aaron and his family. 

Hebrews 7 verse 6

But He whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.

Verse 6: The He is Melchizedek. His descent is not counted from them. That is not counted from Aaron's descendents. This Melchizedec took tithes from Abraham. In Genesis 14 verse 20: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. Who had the promises? Abraham is the answer. Melchizedec blessed Abram (later Abraham). In Verse 14 verse 19 we read: And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth"

Hebrews 7 verse 7

And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better.

Verse 7: The less is blessed of the better. The better is the superior. Melchisedec is here the superior. The less is Abram. Abram was blessed from Melchisedec. Beautiful to see this that Abram was blessed by Melchisedec, priest of the most High God, our God!! We read in Ephesians 1 verse 3 a very important verse what is for us:Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ: We are blessed with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ!!! Thank God for this and we have to give everyday thank to God our Father!

Hebrews 7 vers 8

 And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth.

Verse 8: Here the levites receive tithes of the folk and give it to the (high) priests.  But there He receiveth them: This Melchisedec received tithes from Whom it is witnessed that He lives because He is Priest in all eternity. 

 

Hebrews 7 verse 9

And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham.

Verse 9: Levi received tithes. From whom he receiveth tithes? That must be from the folk. He, Levi payed tithes in Abraham? What does this mean? Aaron and the tribe of Levi were  in the loins of Abraham, not born yet. So when their father Abraham acknowledged the greatness of Mechisedec the tribe of Levi and Levi inclusive was also involved . The Jewish people believe strongly in racial solidarity. The paying of the tithes  involved not just the patriarch Abraham, but also the unborn generations in his loins. 

Hebrews 7 verse 10
For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him. 

Verse 10: The writer of this epistle to the Hebrews is here in this verse speaking of Levi who receiveth tithes. He was yet in the loins of his father. The paying of the tithes involved not just the patriarch Abraham but also the unborn generations in his loins, after him like Levi. 

Hebrews 7 verse 11

If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?

Verse 11: The answer for this is that Melchisedec is greater than Aaron. It is no longer the order of Aaron or the order of Levi but it is forever the order of Melchisedec. Why have God changed this? The answer is that the priesthood and the law were imperfect.  Perfect and perfection are keywords in the epistle to the Hebrews. They mean completed or fulfilled. The Old Testament priests couldn't by their ministry complete the work of God in the heart of the worshipper. Because the Law was imperfect We read this in verse 19 of this chapter. Animal sacrifices couldn't give any worshiper a perfect standing before God. The Law was not a permanent system. It was given to learn sin and it was a schoolmaster to prepare the way for the coming of Christ. 

Hebrews 7 verse 12

For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

Verse 12: The priesthood being changed: from the order of Aaron to the order of Melchisedec. If this change is forever this shall also be changed in the Law. This is necessary! This is a Priest Who is without sin namely Jesus Christ. Let us read in Hebrews 5 verse 5 and 6: So also Christ glorified not Himself to be made an high priest; but He that said unto Him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.  As He saith also in another place, Thou art a Priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 7 verse 13

For He of Whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar.

Verse 13: Here is spoken in this verse about our Lord Jesus Christ Who is the High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. Our Lord came from the tribe of Judah we read in the next verse 14. No man of this tribe gave attendance at the altar. That means that nobody of this tribe of Judah was busy like the Levites in the tabernacle or later temple. 

Hebrews 7 verse 14

For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.

Vers 14: Our Lord Jesus Christ came of the tribe of Juda according to the incarnation. He sprang out of Judah. Moses didn't spoke