The Epistle to the Hebrews

This is a verse by verse Commentary

by

J.W.Weeda

Introduction

Concerning this Epistle we must conclude that we don't know who wrote this Epistle. For sure it is God's Word so God wrote this Epistle. Some people believe that the apostle Paul wrote this Epistle to the Hebrews. It is never proved that he wrote it and why he wrote this Epistle. We can guess who wrote it. We know it is God's Word and He is the Author of this Epistle. Anyway the Epistle is written to the Hebrews and Hebrews are Jewish people. What we know is that this epistle is written for the future when the believing Jews in the Great Tribulation will live and have to read this Epistle. 

Hebrews Chapter 1 verse 1

God, Who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time

past unto the fathers by the prophets

Verse 1: What does this verse mean? God spoke a lot of times in time past in different manners to the fathers! Who are these fathers? The fathers of the folk Israel like Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David and others like Salomon, Hezekiah through the prophets like Samuel, Isaiah, Jeremiah and all the other prophets from whom we can read their books in the Prophecy. 

Hebrews chapter 1 verse 2

Hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son,

Whom He hath appointed heir of all things, by

Whom also He made the worlds. 

Verse 2: God hath spoken to the Hebrews, the Jewish people by His Son in the last days. Which last days are spoken here? Personally I believe that these last days were the last days of Acts 2. Acts 2 verse 17 tells us the following verse: And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:  His Son Jesus Christ is appointed from God the Father heir of all things. In Ephesians 1 verse 20-21 we read:Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:  by Whom also He made the worlds. Through Christ He made the worlds or ages. Ages as Epochs of Time Both Testaments speak of "ages" as undefined periods of history over which God rules! 

Through Him everything is created/made. In Colossians 1 verse 16 we read:  For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:  And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist.

Hebrews 1 verse 3

Who being the brightness of His glory, and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the Word of His power, when He had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:

Vers 3: Who=Christ. Christ is the brightness of His glory that is one:

That means that the Lord Jesus exactly represents God for the Jews here in this verse but also for us as members of the Body of Christ. The express image of His person that is second, upholding all things by the Word of His power is three. He purged our sins. Washed away the sins. Also for these Jewish believers because the epistle is written to them. Also for us members of the Body of Christ our sins are washed away. God no longer counts our sins. We have the forgiveness of sins just like these Jewish people here in this verse. Ephesians 1:7, Colossians 1:14. He Christ after He died for mankind, was buried and rose again sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high. We can read this also in Ephesians 1: 20-21: Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. Still today Christ is on the right hand of the Father in heaven far above all principality and power and might and dominion. 

Hebrews 1 verse 4

Being made so much better than the angels, as He hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Verse 4: What does this mean: Being made so much better than the angels? Answer: This description of our Lord Jesus Christ in previous verses shows us that He is far superior than any angelic being. Yet this tells us that the Lord  Jesus Christ became better than the angels. We could say that He iseternally better than the angels, but He also became better than the angels. By inheritance obtained a more excellent Name than they. He is far above all principality and power, might and dominion!  This is for us now in this Dispensation of Gods Grace! and this is also for these Hebrews in the future.  For them He is the High Priest! Ephesians 1: 20-22: Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set him at his own right hand in the heavenly places,  Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the Church. For us Christ is our Head, the Head of the Body of Christ, the heavenly Church! 

Hebrews 1 verse 5

For unto which of the angels said He at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

Verse 5 Concerning Christ God the Father said: I will be to Him a Father and He shall be to me a Son. And it is said  of Christ when God bringeth His First begotten into the world, let all the angesl of God worhip HIm. All the ones who are superior to men that they be inferior to Christ in nature and power. To the angels never God said those things, only to His begotten Son. In verse 8 of this chapter 1 in Hebrews we see a very beautiful Word of God: But unto the Son He saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of thy kingdom. God the Father calls His Son God. This let us see that God the Father and the Son are One! Think about this and be still!

Hebrews 1 verse 6

And again, when He bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, He saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

Verse 6: When God brought the firstbegotten, His Son into this world and that is the inhabitated earth! When Christ came into the world the angels worshipped Him. God commanded them to do so which proves that our Lord Jesus Christ is God; for none of God's angels would worship a mere creature. Christ is the Firstborn of all creation. We read Colossians 1 verse 15: Who is the image of the invisible God, the Firstborn fo every creature"

Hebrews 1 verse 7

And of the angels He saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire.

Verse 7: This verse is taken from Psalm 104 verse 1-4Bless the Lord, O my soul. O Lord my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty. Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain: Who layeth the beams of his chambers in the waters: who maketh the clouds his chariot: who walketh upon the wings of the wind: Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:  The Hebrew as the Greek word  for spirit is translated wind. Angels are created spirits. Angels have no bodies although they can take the form of a human body when they ministering on earth. They served our Lord when He was on earth. We read in Matthew 4 verse 11 the following verse: Then the devil leaveth him, and  behold angels came and ministered unto Him.  And in the garden of Gethsemanae in Luke 22 verse 43 we read: And there appeared an angel unto Him from heaven, strengthened Him. 

Hebrews 1 verse 8

But unto the Son He saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.

Verse 8: This is a very special verse special for the future. It is also for us to use against false doctrines which tells us that God the Father and God the Son are not One like the sect Jehovah Witnesses. This sect deny the Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ. They don't believe that He is God Himself. They believe God have a Son but don't believe that He is God also. In Psalm 45 verses 6 and 7 we read: Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. This verse is taken from these verses. For sure God on the throne now in heaven and His Son on the right hand of Him and in the future Christ will be King on earth in the Millenial Kingdom. Now our Lord Jesus Christ is the Head of the Body of Christ. Ephesians 1 verse 20 tells us: Which He wrought in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead, and set Him at His own right hand in the heavenly places. 

Hebrews 1 verse 9

Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

Verse 9: God loves righteousness and hates iniquity, wickedness. That's why He came to earth because He loved this world, sinners that He gave His life for them (us included my brothers and sisters), for mankind so that men could live because He was buried and He is resurrected from the dead and now sits on the right hand of the Father. God the Father hath anointed Him with the oil of gladness above every men. This happened when Christ ascended and entered the heavenly glory. This verse refers to Psalm 16 verse 10-11: For Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt Thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. Thou wilt shew Me the path of life: in Thy presence is fulness of joy; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. So a beautiful verse my brothers and sisters to read and to study. Think about it and be still!!!

Hebrews 1 verse 10

 And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:

Verse 10: This is speaking of our Lord Who laid the foundation of the earth. It is that all things is created by God through our Lord Jesus Christ! In Psalm 102 verses 25-27 we read the following versesOf old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed. The angels who God created too didnt found the earth. He, Jesus Christ is the Creator and on one day he will do away with the old creation and bring in a new creation. 

Hebrews 1 verse 11

They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;

Verse 11: Brothers and sisters everything around us changes. The earth perish and we see it. The earth is now warming up and we just saw on TV that on Spitsbergen the temperature is rising fast. The ice is melting at a fast pace there and that's an example that makes you to think. He Jesus Christ remains the Same. He will never change. In Hebrews 13 vers 8 is written: Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day and for ever. The creation is like a old garment which will one day be discarded in favor of a new one. God will do this through Jesus Christ my brothers and sisters. It is all in His hand! So let us not be afraid and scaring about things in this world which change. 

Hebrews 1 verse 12

 And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

Verse 12: As a vesture. What does that mean? Something that covers like a garment. God fold them up. They shall be changed. God will change the heaven and the earth. There will be new heavens and a new earth. But thou. God is the same. God is eternal. He is from eternity to eternity. There is no beginning with Him and no end. His years shall not stop. What a wonderful God we have. Think about it and be still! In Revelation 21 verse 1 we read: And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

Hebrews 1 verse 13

But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?

Verse 13: The writer of the epistle to the Hebrews quotes Psalm 110 verse 1 where is said: The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord Jesus Christ is on the right hand of the Father and that is the place of honor. This is many times mentioned in the Bible. Angels are never on the right hand of the Father so He never said this to them but only to His Son.

Hebrews 1 verse 14

Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?

Angels are ministering spirits who serve our Lord Who is seated on the throne. It let us see that the Lord Jesus Christ is greater than the angels and He is also greater than the Law which was given to the people of Israel and angels helped to deliver the Law to the people of Israel. 

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Hebrews Chapter 2

Hebrews 2 verse 1

Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.

Verse 1: Here we read a admonishing from the writer to the Hebrews! He said here that the Jewish believers and the writer inclusive had to hold fast the things which they had heard. With this purpose he said that one time or any time they should forget the words. It is to pay attention to God's Word. They have to study the Word of God and obey it and not to stop. We too like them brothers and sisters who live now under this Dispensation of Grace have to study and read God's Word of Grace and rightly dividing the truth. Romans 16:25-26 and 2 Timothy 2:15. Then in that time when this epistle will be read under the Great Tribulation is it that God does not sit idly by and permit His children to rebel against Him. He will not stop to speak to them and when it is necessary chastens His own. The danger here is neglecting their salvation. Let them slip means here lest we drift away from them.  

Hebrews 2 verse 2

For if the word spoken by angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward

Verse 2: The Word by angels spoken under the Old Testament was stedfast. They came in the form of a human and what they said to persons like Lot came directly from God. The Word was given them through God! If people did not obey or did not heed the Word they were punished because that was a just recompence of reward from God. Disobedience was sin of omission. 

Hebrews 2 verse 3

How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him;

Verse 3: These Jewish people have no excuse when they refuse the Word of God's salvation. The Word they received was first spoken by the Lord Jesus Christ, God's Son and confirmed to the writer(s) by them that heard Him. Confirmed by apostolic miracles. We read that in het next verse! These miracles were confirmed by the apostles . We can read them in Mark 16 verses 17-20 and Acts 2: 43. 

Hebrews 2 verse 4

God also bearing them witness, both with signs and wonders, and with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy Ghost, according to His own will?

Verse 4: Signs and wonders: Here it refers to the miracles that the Word of God let us see and read and this let us see that it is true. This happened all in the past and through gifts of the Holy Ghost according Gods will. The apostles did these miracles through the Holy Ghost. This is said to these Jewish believers and also for the future when a lot of Jewish believers (and other believers who are proselytes) will believe in Christ and are in the Great Tribulation that this word will be read and studied by them. That this epistle is for the Jews specially and not for us as members of the Body of Christ my brother and sisters we can read this here: For the Jews require a sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom. As long as God was dealing with Israel (Jews as a folk) we hear and read about signs and wonders and miracles! 

Hebrews 2 verse 5

For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world to come, whereof we speak.

Verse 5: Angels are ministering spirits without human bodies but our Lord Jesus Christ who had a human body while He ministered on earth. The subjection of the world to come: our Lord Jesus Christ will reign over the whole world later. Never God promised the angels that they would reign in the world to come. One day He will establishes His Kingdom. The Jews who will believe on Him will reign with Him in His Kingdom. In Revelation 1 verses 5 and 6 we read: And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,  And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Hebrews 2 verse 6

But one in a certain place testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or the son of man that thou visitest him?

Verse 6: This verse is taken from Psalm 8 verses 4-6: What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet: Here David marveled that God would share His power and glory with man. God had always man in mind. God loves man because He created him after His image. We know before the foundation of the world God had man in mind and love him and had a plan to save man from his sins and quilt, from his eternal death that should came with the fall of man. Romans 5:12: Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

Hebrews 2 verse 7

 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands:

Verse 7: Man was created by God. He gave him the dominion over His creation Genesis 1: 26-31: And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.  And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.  In fact man has a hard time controlling himself. Because of sin man has fallen. The time before man sinned it was all good. 

Hebrews 2 verse 8

Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.

Verse 8: Man was the crown of God's creation with glory crowned and honor but he lost his crown  and became the slave of sin. God put all in subjection under man. Through sin we see not yet all things are put under him. In Romans 5 verse 17a we read: For if by one man's offence death reigned by one and one judgment came upon all men to condemnation. verse 18! 

Hebrews 2 verse 9

But we see Jesus, Who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honour; that He by the grace of God should taste death for every man.

Verse 9: It is the Lord Jesus Christ Who was made a little lower than the angels with the purpose to die for mankind on the cross! This is done! This is finished! In I Corinthians 15 verses 3 and 4 we readFor I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures. So He was crucified for mankind, He taste death for every man. Yes for you and me and also for people who live after us and also for the people in the Tribulation period after the rapture of the Church. He, our Lord Jesus Christ is crowned with glory and honour! God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a Name which is above every name Philippians 2 verse 9

Hebrews 2 verse 10

For it became Him, for Whom are all things, and by Whom

are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make

the Captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings

Verse 10: The Lord Jesus Christ is not only the last Adam, He is also the Captain of salvation. This means that He is literally the pioneer: the One Who opens the way for others (men) to follow. The Lord Jesus Christ gave up His glory and became man. He regained His glory when He arose and ascended to heaven to sit on the right hand of the Father. In Philippians 2: 5-11 we read the following verses:Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.  Also beautiful to see here is is the first part of this verse: for Whom are all things and by Whom are all things! God hath everything created by Him. In Colossians 1 verse 16 and 17 we read: For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for Him: And He is before all things, and by him all things consist. He is our Creator and He gave Himself for mankind because He loves men! inclusive us on that cross on Calvary!! He was buried and rose from the grave and ascended into heaven. He lives my brothers and sisters and maketh intercession for us Romans 8 verse 34.  Read this verse! Also in the future under the Great Tribulation the Jews who believe in Him will trust this!!

Hebrews 2 verse 11

 For both He that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one: for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren,

Verse 11: Christ is bringing many sons and daughters to glory, also in the future! He sanctified them (these Hebrews) and they are all one in Him sanctified. Christ is united in them and they united in Him. They are spiritually one and in fact He called them brethren. It is a quation of Psalms 22 verse 22: I will declare Thy Name unto my brethren: in de midst of the congregation will I praise Thee! Christ is referred here in this Psalm to His folk Israel as His brethren. This means that those Jewish people here (believers in Christ) and the Son of God Jesus Christ share the same nature and belong to the same family! Not only are those Jews  His brethren but also His children. If the Lord Jesus Christ had not come to earth and become man He couldn't share in His glory. This is also for the Jews, the Hebrew people to whom this letter is addressed. The incarnation, crucifixion and resurrection go together and lead to glory. 

Hebrews 2 verse 12

Saying, I will declare Thy Name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church will I sing praise unto Thee.

Verse 12: What does this verse mean: I will declare Thy Name unto my brethren. This verse is litterally taken from Psalm 22 verse 22 and in verse 25 of this same Psalm we read: My praise shall be of Thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear Him. This Psalm is about the sufferings of Christ and the crucifixion for mankind! He is never ashamed to call them brethren this folk Israel. This is also this church which is spoken here. Again the incarnation, crucifixion, sufferings and resurrection are going together and will lead to glory and praise to God the Father. This will also take place in the future when Christ will return to earth to reign as King over the whole world and all the Jewish believers in Him shall reign with Him on earth. 

Hebrews 2 verse 13

And again, I will put my trust in Him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.

Verse 13: This is talking about Christ here this verse. Christ fully trusted His Father. He was faithful to Him. Behold I and the children which God hath given me. Again here the children! This is taken from Isaiah 8 verse 18 and we read there: Behold I and the children whom the Lord hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the Lord of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion. The children are the people of Israel, the believers of Israel in Christ, not all Israel but only a minority who will reign with Christ on earth! 

Hebrews 2 verse 14

Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;

Verse 14: The children here are the Hebrews, Jewish people. They were partakers of flesh and blood. They were human beings like we. In the first place this verse is written from them. We as members of the Body of Christ are also partakers of flesh and blood. He here is Christ. He Himself took part of the same. He became Man. Our Creator became Man for one purpose and that is that through death. Through His death He might destroy him (satan) that had the power of death. Until the finished work on the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ that He died for mankind the power of death had the devil in his hand. On Calvary on that cross Christ triumphing over satan and his hosts. We read in Colossians 2 verse 15: And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.  The devil is defeated by that cross on Calvary. How wonderful is this my brothers and sisters and this Christ accomplished on Calvary on that cross!!! What a beautiful word this is! Good news my brothers and sisters: The final authority of death is in hte hands of our God

Hebrews 2 verse 15

 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.

Verse 15: Satan used the feath of death as a terrible weapon to gain control over the lives of people. The kingdom of satan is one of darkness and death. Here the Jews who are delivered from satan's authority and from the terrible fear of death. This was the purpose of our Lord Jesus Christ to accomplish on Calvary, His burial and resurrection. We too as members of the Body of Christ are delivered from satan's kingdom of darkness and death. We are alive in Christ just like these Jewish believers here in the book of Hebrews. What a wonderful good news!!

Hebrews 2 verse 16

For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham.

Verse 16: Our Lord took not on Himself the nature of angels. Why not? Angels are spirits and have no human bodies. To save men He, our Lord Jesus Christ became Man and He took on Him the seed of Abraham. He our Lord Jesus Christ didn't take on Himself the nature of angels in order to save the fallen angels. Instead of this He became lower than the angels to become Man! That was to save mankind: to suffer and die on the cross for them. And not just man in general but He became a Jew, a part of the seed of Abraham. The Jews were despised and hated of the world and yet our Lord became a Jew. In 2 Peter 2 verse 4 we read the following verse: For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

Hebrews 2 verse 17

Wherefore in all things it behoved Him to be made like unto His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.

Verse 17: In the first place Christ came for His people Israel. Gentiles were in that time without God in this world and had no hope. Ephesians 2 verse 12: That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world. Christ came only in the first place for His people Israel. He was like them without sin. He was like unto His brethren in that He experienced the sinless infirmities fo human nature. He knew exactly the experience of weariness, hunger and thirst. He knew what it was to be despised and rejected, to be lied about and falsely accused. He experienced physical suffering and death. This was to be High Priest. Through the cross He made reconcilliation for the sins of the people of Israel. Our Lord Jesus Christ is both merciful and faithful. Merciful toward people and faithful toward God. He is the High Priest and can never fail in His Priestly ministry

Hebrews 2 verse 18

 For in that He Himself hath suffered being tempted, He is able to succour them that are tempted.

Verse 18. What a great Word here: He hath suffered when He was tempted by the devil. He could get through this! Why? He is God and He is without sin. He was tempted when He was on earth but no temptation couldn't conquer Him. He has defeated every enemy! To succour here means to bring help when it is needed! Only our Lord can do this, no angels. They only serve God. For Israel He is the High Priest and this He will also be in the future. For us He is our Lord and Head of the Body of Christ. He is also Advocate and represents these Jews  before the throne of God and forgives them if they confess their sins. Our sins are forgiven. We can only thank as members of the Body of Christ for the forgiveness of sins. Colossians 1:14, Ephesians 1:7 through His blood on Calvary! 

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Hebrews Chapter 3

In this chapter we can read and study that Jesus Christ is superior  to Moses at least three respects. 

Hebrews 3 verse 1

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;

Verse 1: These Hebrews are named holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling. The writer let these Hebrew believers in Christ know that Christ Jesus is the Apostle and High Priest. They partake of the heavenly calling these Hebrews. What does that mean? Partakers is partners according to Luke 5 verse 7a where this is also written: And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. 

In Hebrews 12 verse 8 we read: But if ye be without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards and not sons. You can see here that this is conditional! These Hebrew believers in Christ were able to give a confession of their faith in Jesus Christ. To say the same thing. Here we read that Jesus Christ is not only the Apostle, He is also the High Priest. Moses was a prophet and served as a priest but was never a high priest. His brother Aaron was high priest. Our Lord Jesus Christ has the title High Priest! In Hebrews 4 verse 14 we read the following verse: Seeing then that we have a great High Priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold our profession. Profession here means confession. This is for the Jews: Jesus Christ is their Hight Priest and also in the future when God is again dealing with Israel. For us in this Dispensation of Grace Ephesians 3:1-3 whereunder we still live our Lord Jesus Christ is our Head. He is the Head of the Body of Christ, the heavenly Church whereunto we belong as members of this my brothers and sisters!

Hebrews 3 verse 2

Who was faithful to Him that appointed Him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. 

Verse 2: Again this verse is about our Lord Jesus Christ. He was and is faithful to Him that is His Father. He was faithful and obeyed 100% His Father. He did the will of His Father. In Philippians 2 verse 5-11 we read accectly what He did:Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. This was the work God gave Him to do and He was faithful and did this! He did the Work of God and obeyed it: to die for all mankind, for the world and beared all the sins of this world yes the sins from you and me upon Himself on the cross. He was buried and rose from the grave! I Corinthians 15:3-4!

Hebrews 3 verse 3

For this Man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.

Verse 3: This verse is talking about Christ. For the Jews in the future He will be again the High Priest and Apostle and is more counted worthy of more glory than Moses. The word house is used here 6 times. It refers to the people of God Israel. Mosed ministered to israel, the people of God under the Old Testament. Moses is the servant in the house while Christ is the Son over the house. Moses was a member of the household but our Lord Jesus Christ is the One Who built the house. God built all things and our Lord Jesus Christ buit God's house, then our Lord Jesus Christ must be God.  

Hebrews 3 verse 4

For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.

Verse 4: The house of Israel God made we know now. Every house which is builded is builded by some man. God built everything. He is the Creator. What a wonderful God we have my dear brothers and sisters! 

Hebrews 3 verse 5

And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;

Verse 5: The writer of the book of Hebrews let those believing Jews know about Moses who was faithful in all his house namely the house of Israel as a servant.  Again Moses was a servant for the testimony of thoses things which were to be spoken after. He, Moses spoke of the things which would come but our Lord Jesus Christ brought the fulfillment of these things. The things which were to be spoken after. Moses was a servant or slave. Moses after he gave up his resistance against God he obeyed God out of a heart of love and devotion. A beautiful example also for us brothers and sisters to do things with pleasure instead of resist it. 

Hebrews 3 verse 6

 But Christ as a Son over His own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.

Verse 6: Christ the Son of God the Father is over His own house namely Israel en those Jews/Hebrews are part of this house: the house of Israel. These Jews live during the Tribulation period and have to hold fast the confidence= belief that one can have faith in or rely on the Lord Jesus Christ and rejoice of the hope firm unto the end. They have to believe and rejoice in their hope: their hope is the Kingdom on earth and Christ as King. They have to hold this fast otherwise they will be lost. Firm here is to hold fast and not to change. 

Hebrews 3 verse 7

Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear His voice,

Verse 7 These Jews will be remembered also in the future when they should live in the Tribulation period that the Holy Spirit of God saith to them: Hear His voice! They have to listen to the voice of God the Son Jesus Christ. Take heed. The sad history of the nation Israel is a important lesson for these Jews here. Here this verse and the other verse 8 are a taken from Psalms 95 verses 7-11. Verse 7: For He is our God; and we are the people of His pasture, and the sheep of His hand. to day if ye will hear His voice. 

Hebrews 3 verse 8

Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Verse 8: The writer here told these Hebrews whereunto this epistle is written: harden not your hearts like your forefathers did. They rebelled against God in the day of temptaion in the wilderness. The problem of every problem is a problem of the heart of man. The people of Israel erred in their hearts which is the meaning that their hearts wandered from God and His Word. When a person has an erring heart and a disbelieving heart the result will also be a hard heart. So hard was the heart of Israel that the people would return to Egypt. And this is a warning to these Jews not going back to disbelieve but believe in Christ and continue therein, to hold fast. 

Hebrews 3 verse 9

When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.

Verse 9: The fathers of those Hebrews here unto this epistle is written were reminded to them. They tempted God, proved God and saw also the works of God for a long time namely forty years. Forty years is a generation my dear brothers and sisters! That generation was condemned to die in the wilderness.  Why they hadn't trust God that He would lead them in the promissed land.  They only new generation after them would enter the land of Canaan.  

Hebrews 3 vers 10

Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.

Verse 10: Who is speaking here in this verse? Answer God! He was grieved. What does that mean? Feel intense sorrow about. God has feelings my dear brothers and sisters. It grieved Him that He acted with that generation who tempted Him, who proved Him and saw His works forty years in the wilderness. They saw His works and yet their heart was not right. They didn't believe in Him and had not known His ways said the Lord. During the entire forty years this generation of Israel wandered in the wilderness. Not long after they were freed from Egypt they began to provoke God. In Exodus 16 verse 1-4 we read: And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.  And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:  And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. Then said the Lord unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. After he gave them food in the form of bread they complained about the lack of water. We read that in Exodus 17 verses 1-17. That place was called Massah and Meribah and the meaning of this is provocation and trial. The sin of Israel we read in verse 12 of this chapter 3. It is called apostasy. Israel departed from the living God that's why it grieved God. 

Hebrews 3 verse 11

So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.

Verse 11: God said I sware in my wrath. What does that mean? Because of My anger I swore said the Lord. The consequence of their rebellion was that they did not enter into God's rest. They couldn't enter the land of Canaan. Canaan land was rest of Israel and that is a picture of the spiritual rest we find in Christ my brother and sister. We have peace with God through Christ Jesus Romans 5 verse 1: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Israel had to obey God and doing this they would enter the land of Canaan what God promissed them but they rebelled against Him and didn't believe Him so this whole generation didn't enter into the land of Canaan, did not enter into God's rest.