The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians

by

J.W.Weeda

This is a verse by verse Commentary on this Epistle

 

Introduction

History about the city of Thessalonica

Thessalonica was in the days of the apostle Paul an important city. This city was in the Northeast of Greece and still she is nowadays on the same place. It was the second city of Greece. This city was located on the Aegean Sea and had a seaport and it was situated on the famous Egnatian way which Rome bound with Greece and this way continued into Asia now Turkey. This road was the best way to spread the Good News of Gods Grace in whole Greece, Italy, Spain etc. 

History about the church at Thessalonica

How did the apostle Paul came into Greece (Europe)?  The answer for this we can read in Acts 16 verses 9-13And a vision appeared to Paul in the night; There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, Come over into Macedonia, and help us.  And after he had seen the vision, immediately we endeavoured to go into Macedonia, assuredly gathering that the Lord had called us for to preach the gospel unto them.  Therefore loosing from Troas, we came with a straight course to Samothracia, and the next day to Neapolis;  And from thence to Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia, and a colony: and we were in that city abiding certain days.  And on the sabbath we went out of the city by a river side, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down, and spake unto the women which resorted thither. 

So the apostle Paul get a vision  of a man who asked him to come over to Europe, Macedonia and Paul reacted immediately and travelled overthere with Silas and Timotheus and Luke. The first city was Philippi. This we read in Acts 16:11-40. In Acts 17: 1-4 we read that Paul was in Thessalonica and there the inhabitans of this city were open for the Gospel of the Grace of God. Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews:  And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ. And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few.  They turned to God from idols to serve the ling and true God. But there were also Jews who did not believe  and hated Paul and his co workers and  caused an uproar.  See Acts 17:13

 

The Epistles to the saints at Thessalonica   

The epistles to the saints at Thessalonica are probably written from Paul in the time he was in Corinth. The theme of this Epistle is our blessed Hope which is Christ and the Rapture of the Church I Thessalonians 4:13-18. They were a model church: faith hope and love they had. What confuses them  was this that some false doctrines came into the local church which said that the resurrection of the ones who are already sleep in Jesus had occured which isn't yet

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1 Thessalonians 1 verses 1-5

Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father; Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God. For our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake.

Before we go into the Scriptures Chapter One of this Epistle to the Thessalonian saints is in 3 parts: 

Verse 1-6 This part has to do with their faith in Christ which had these believers in Thessalonica

Verse 6-9  This part is about their love (agape) they had for each other and for others

Verse 9-10This part is about their hope, the hope in Christ! 

 

  Verse 1: Who were Silvanus and Timotheus? First they were brothers of the apostle Paul in the Lord Jesus Christ and fellowlaborers of the apostle. In Acts 15 verse 40 we read for the first time about Silas. Acts 15 verse 40: And Paul chose Silas, and departed, being recommended by the brethren unto the Grace of God.  Personally I think that Silas was the same as Silvanus. And Timotheus. In Acts 16 verse 1-3: Then came he to Derbe and Lystra: and, behold, a certain disciple was there, named Timotheus, the son of a certain woman, which was a Jewess, and believed; but his father was a Greek:  Which was well reported of by the brethren that were at Lystra and Iconium.  Him would Paul have to go forth with him; and took and circumcised him because of the Jews which were in those quarters: for they knew all that his father was a Greek.

What strikes is that in this first verse and the next verse the apostle Paul name himself Paul to the saints at Thessalonica. Why he is doing this? Several reasons. One of the reason is that in the local church at Thessalonica not serious problems were. Paul had with Silas and a lot believers in Thessalonica persecution because of Gods Word of Grace. Through all this he had a close relation with the saints there of the local church. They were also in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ. This is nowadays also for us my dear brothers and sisters. We are in Him Galatians 2:20. Our life just like the lives of the saints at Thessalonica are in Christ. Colossians 3 verse 3: For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. Grace and peace: All his epistles the apostle Paul begin with these words: We are saved by Gods Grace through faith of His Son Jesus Christ . Read Ephesians 2:8-9!  Grace and peace comes from God, not of men. He gives us this freely and the whole world II Corinthians 5:19-21. We as believers in Christ have peace with God. Romans 5 verse 1: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 

  Verse 2: The apostle Paul thanked the saints at Thessalonica. Why he did this? There was a reason for this. They had much suffered a lot  for the Lord Jesus Christ. In spite of this they still believed, hoped and loved one another and others. Their faith in Christ they didn't give up. In verse 6 of this chapter we read: And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the Word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost. And in verse 7: So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia.  And in 2 Corinthians 4 verse 17 we read: For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weigth of glory"

  The apostle Paul thanked always for the believers in his prayers to God. What a example for us believers who are too in the Lord Jesus Christ to pray for our brothers and sisters and also to name them in our prayers to God. 

Verse 3: We have in this verse 3 points to know: 

1  The work of faith

2  The labour of love

3 Patience of Hope in our Lord Jesus Christ

1 The Work of faith: What is the meaning of this? The answer is that this is the faith in daily life! It is not only accepting the Lord Jesus Christ as personal Savior but daily trusting Him in the Work and walk in His Work daily Ephesians 2:10: For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. Faith is also the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Galatians 5 verse 22: But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith. If we daily let God rule our hearts through His Spirit through His Word then we experience the fruit of Galatians 5 verse 22!!! Read also Romans 10 verse 17. The work of faith worked the whole life of the apostle Paul till the end of his life. Read II Timothy 4 verse 7

2 Labour of love: What is this precisely? Is this the human love? No personally I believe this is the love or agape of God because human love is self centered. The apostle Paul is speaking of the deep love of God. Brotherly love. The love of God which can work in us to others, to other believers as in Thessalonica the brothers and sisters did.  In I Thessalonians 4 verse 9 we read: But as touching brotherly love ye need not that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another. LOve is also the fruit of the Holy Spirit. The saints at Thessalonica had been lead through God's Spirit and this we have to do the same my dear brothers and sisters!!!

3: The patience of Hope in our Lord Jesus Christ: The saints at Thessalonica expected the Lord any time. Alone the problem was that through false doctrines they were confused about this and what would happen with their loved ones who slept in our Lord Jesus Christ. And has they to go to the Tribulation period or not? In I Thessalonians 4:13-18 and I Thessalonians 1:10 we have the answers for this. The patience of Hope is that our Lord Jesus Christ will take us all to heaven on one moment when He comes for us His ambassadors. What a Great God we have my dear brothers and sisters. All glory to Him!!!

I Thessalonians 1 verse 4

Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.

Verse 4: In this verse the apostle Paul said the the saints at Thessalonica, his brethren are beloved brethren. The saints at Thessalonica had much suffered together with the apostle Paul and despite the sufferings they were remained upright. In Philippians 1 verse 27-30 we readOnly let your conversation be as it becometh the gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs, that ye stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel; And in nothing terrified by your adversaries: which is to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God.For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake;Having the same conflict which ye saw in me, and now hear to be in me.

This had overcome the believers in Christ at Thessalonica but they were strong in the love, hope and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ and didn't give up the truth, the Gospel of Grace which God was working in them. They were elected from God before the world began and not only they, we too are elected in the Lord Jesus Christ by God. Read Ephesians 1:4 and 2 Thessalonians 2:13: But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth.

I Thessalonians 1 verse 5

For our Gospel came not unto you in Word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost, and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake

  Verse 5: We read Acts 17 verses 1-4: Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue of the Jews: And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,  Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.

And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few. Yes my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ: The Gospel of the Grace of God  has power Acts j20:24, Romans 16:25-26 and is for the obedience of faith.  Read  Hebrews 4 verse 12! The Good News of the Grace of God came or comes not only in Word but also in power. The Grace of God is teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world. Titus 2:12. The Gospel of Grace came to them in Word, in power, in the Holy Ghost and in much assurance. But also with the fact how Paul and Silas and Timothy the people approached. How they behaved themselves among the people made people to think. Paul, Silas and Timothy were not idle or vanity speakers in the time of philisophers and so named wise men. It came from a upright heart. Paul and his co workers were not willful but preached the Gospel of the Grace of God to win the people in Thessalonica for God and for the Gospel. People could trust on them. This is a lesson for us my dear brothers and sisters. We too have not to be willful but preaching the Word of Gods Grace Romans 16:25-26 so that other people would be build up in Christ. Our attitude must be like the apostle Paul. 

I Thessalonians 1 verse 6

And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost.

Verse 6: The saints at Thessalonica became followers of Paul, Silas and Timothy first in the doctrine, the doctrine of Gods Grace. They were followerd from Paul as he followed the Lord Jesus Christ not according the earthly ministry but according the heavenly program, the Mystery. Read 1 Corinthians 4:15 and 16, I Corinthians 11:1 and Phillipians 3:17.  Paul presented the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ and he had received from Christ of heaven the new message, the Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24 and Dispensation of the Grace of God Ephesians 3:1-3

How they became followers of Paul?  In 3 aspects they became followers:

1 They received the Word which the apostle Paul preached to them Acts 20:24, 32

2 In much affliction with joy of the Holy Ghost they received the Word of Gods Grace

 

I Thessalonians 1 verse 7

So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia

Verse 7:  3 They became ensamples (examples) for all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia because of their faith, love and hope!  They were real ensamples for others because there was  nothing to fault them! We can as brothers and sisters learn a lot of them! 

I Thessalonians 1 verse 8

For from you sounded out the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak any thing.

Verse 8: From the saints at Thessalonica sounded out the Word of the Lord!  This is really special my dear brothers and sisters. The Word of God, the Word of His Grace they had made them their own and this sounded not only in Macedonia and Achaia but  in every place their faith to God ward is spread abroad. They were a model local church. The cause was their work of faith, their labour of love and their patience of hop in our Lord Jesus Christ.  Paul did not speak anything wrong about them. So special!!! Oh let the Word of God's Grace also richly work in us too like these saints there!!!

I Thessalonians 1 verse 9

For they themselves shew of us what manner of entering in we had unto you, and how ye turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God;

Verse 9: People of the wide area told others how the contact was which Paul, Silas and Timothy had with the saints at Thessalonica. This was a very good contact and they had a good attitude lead by Gods Holy Spirit through His Word. We have again 3 aspects we see here in these last verses of I Thessalonians chapter 1. 

First: They the saints at Thessalonica, turned to God from idols and this is faith!!!

Second: To serve the living and true God! This is love

Third: And to wait for His Son Jesus Christ Which delivered them from the wrath to come. This is Hope

The believers of Thessalonica left their idols and gods and begin to serve the living and true God. They were persecuted by their own people in the town but this made them stronger in the Lord Jesus Christ. These saints are examples for us to follow. We have still nowadays faith, hope and love. We lived still under the Dispensation of Grace and in the next verse we read: 

I Thessalonians 1 verse 10
And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.

Verse 10: To wait for His Son from heaven. Our Lord Jesus Christ is now in heaven. He was raised from the dead I Corinthians 15:3-4 and He will delivers us from the wrath to come. First was this said to these dear brothers and sisters at Thessalonica and this is also for us my dear brothers and sisters.  Other Scriptures about the Meeting to Him at the Rapture are : 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18, I Corinthians 15:51-53, Titus 2:13, Philippians 3:20. We will not go into the Tribulation, not a second. He will deliver us from this!!! What a wonderful God we have my brothers and sisters!!!

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   I Thessalonians 2 

Introduction

Chapter 1 was about the saints at Thessalonica and they were ensamples for other believers. There were not so much problems between them. Chapter 2 is in 3 parts: 

Verse 1-12: Is about the believer in Christ and the apostle Paul is a example for this

Verse 13-16: Believers accepted the Word of God. They became believers and had a lot to suffer for the Lord Jesus Christ

Verse 17-20: The apostle Paul's desire to met those saints at Thessalonica. 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 1-4

For yourselves, brethren, know our entrance in unto you, that it was not in vain: But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.  For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile:  But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.

Verse 1: This verse goes together with Chapter 1 verse 5 and 9: The preaching of Gods Gospel of Grace. The Gospel was brought by Paul and his co workers like Silas and Timothy with much  conviction and insurance and in the love of Christ, the agape that this was not in vain. The Greek word for not in vain is Henoo. The fact is that  it brought fruit: they turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God. They had received the Word of God  not as a human word but as Gods Word. Again a great example for us brothers and sisters to follow and to follow Paul with his co workers how they dealt with people. We can learn a lot from it. 

Verse 2: In this verse the apostle Paul referred back to Philippi. He and Silas had had a lot suffered there and were shamefully entreated. Read this in Acts 16 verse 18-26! In spite of this sufferings for Christ Paul and Silas and Timothy had the courage of God to preach or made known the Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:32 which can only build believers up in the faith in Christ! They spoke the Gospel of God with much contention!  Where did they get the courage or mood for this? They did it all in the power of His resurrection!  In Philippians 4 verse 13 the apostle Paul said this: "I can do all things through Christ Which strengtheneth me"  And in Ephesians 6 verse 18-20 we read: "

Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;  And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,  For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.  But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:

Let this also be our prayer my dear brothers and sisters in the Body of Christ! In spite of persecution and sufferings the apostle with a lot of courage and mood went on and preached the Gospel of Gods Grace till the end of his life. He prayed also for courage and asked also people to pray for him and the apostle Paul knew for sure that he was more than a conqueror in Christ. Let us this also be in our lives my dear brothers and sisters. We can always go to God and pray and ask Him to lead us through His Word of Grace Acts 20:32 and that we have this same love or agape for people around us. We read here in this verse the Gospel of God. This is another name of the Gospel of Gods Grace. We can read different names for the Gospel of Gods Grace namely in 

1 Gospel of God Romans 15 verse 16, I Thessalonians 2; 2, 8 and 9

2 The Gospel according His Son  Romans 1:9

3 According to my Gospel Romans 2:16, Romans 16:25, 2 Timothy 2:8

4 Gospel  of peace Ephesians 6:15

5 Gospel of Christ  Romans 15 verse 19 and 29, I Corinthians 9: 12 and 18, II Corinthians 2:12, 9:13, 10:14, Galatians 1:7, I Thessalonians 3:2, 2 Thessalonians 1;8

6: The Gospel which I preached under you I Corinthians 15 verse 1

7 The Gospel of salvation Ephesians 1:13

8 Our Gospel : 2 Thessalonians 2:14, I Thessalonians 1:5

9 The Gospel of Glory: I Timothy 1:11, II Corinthians 4 verse 4

Conclusion: the Gospel of Grace preached by Paul and Silas and Timothy to them, the saints in Thessalonica was with such contention. In the power of His resurrection which is the Greek word dunamis. It has a lot of effect this Gospel!!!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 3

For our exhortation was not of deceit, nor of uncleanness, nor in guile

Verse 3: In this verse we see the word exhortation. What is the meaning of this word? Often we think about something negative, with a finger to one another. It is more a positive thing. It comes from the Greek Word paraklesis what means to comfort. It is comfort till better. This was not of deceit or trickery. Never the apostle uses this. Nor did he use uncleanness nor in guile. It was in the real love of Christ he dealt with persons and so we have to do the same my brothers and sisters.  In 2 Corinthians 4 verses 1, 2 and 3 we read: Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not; But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.  But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost.  If we do the same like Paul then this would be nice! 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 4

Verse 4: Paul and Silas, Timothy were called of God to preach the Gospel of Grace. Let we see again in Acts 20:24 the famous words of our apostle Paul: "But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God. And in I Corinthians 9 verse 16 we read: For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory of: for necessity is laid upon me; yea, woe is unto me, if I preach not the gospel!

God had entrusted the Gospel of His Grace to Paul to preach, to make known this to the world. Paul was not a man pleaser. We can read this in Galatians 1:10 (read this for yourselves) And this my dear brothers we have to do the same like he did. We have to please God and not men.  

I Thessalonians 2 verse 5

For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God is witness:

Verse  5 In this verse the apostle Paul called God Who is his witness.  In Philippians 1 verse 8 we read : For God is my record, how greatly I long after you all in the bowels of Jesus Christ. This let us see that God was always with Paul when he preached the Gospel of Grace to people. The apostle Paul, Silas and Timothy brought the Word of God pure to the people. They never used flattering words nor a cloke of covetousness. They made themselves not populair with people. Their goals was not to be famous but the Lord Jesus Christ was more important then they. They represented Christ on earth. It was upright, honest. What a great example for us to do the same and bring the Good News of Grace to people!!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 6

Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, 

when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ

Verse 6: The apostle sought no glory of men, nor of the saints at Thessalonica, from nobody he sought glory. As a apostle he could be for others a burden but he wasn't. His authority he could have used and be able to make all kinds of demands of men but he never did this. Why not? People could then not speak evil about him and his co workers. He was and is a example for us to follow also how he dealt with people. I Corinthians 4:16, I Corinthians 11:1

I Thessalonians 2 verse 7
But we were gentle among you, even as a nurse

cherisheth her children

Verse 7: He, Paul, Silas and Timothy were gentle among the saints at Thessalonica like a nurse cherisheth her children. Why he behaved like this you can ask yourself. The nurse here is from the Greek word trophos what means nourishing- to raise. A nurse in the English is someone who cared so much for her children that she could give her life for them.  The same like Paul would do. Read Acts 20: 24 and Acts 21:13. This says a lot about the love of Christ which played a great role in the life of the apostle Paul for others. 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 8

So being affectionately desirous of you, we were willing to have imparted unto you, not the gospel of God only, but also our own souls, because ye were dear unto us.

Verse 8: He the apostle Paul had a desire to them. It was all in the love of God and not to give the Gospel of the Grace of God only but he was willing to give his life for them and Silas and Timotheus were also willing to give their own souls for them. What a love of Christ speaks here my dear brothers and sisters! Paul was never selfish. He wanted people to be built up and loved people. They, the saints at Thessalonica were dear to Paul, Silas and Timotheus. What really important is when we bring the good News of Grace to people is that it is not only the Gospel but also to let people see the practical and be kind to a other person on whom you bring the Gospel with a lot of patience. 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 9

For ye remember, brethren, our labour and travail: for labouring night and day, because we would not be chargeable unto any of you, we preached unto you the gospel of God. 

Verse 9: The Thessalonian saints had to remember that the work the apostle did with his co workers like Silas and Timotheus was labour and travail in the Lord Jesus Christ. It was a very big work. They laboured night and day because they didn't want money from the saints at Thessalonica nor goods. They preached unto them the Gospel of God or the Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24, 32, Romans 16:25-26. They were working with their own hands and could so in their own livelihood. This was something special. The most of us believers now sleep at night. During the day in the week we work with our own hands. Everyone of us has different kind of work. Paul worked with his own hands. He was a tentmaker Acts 18 verse 3. Paul never begged people for money. He never lived from the Gospel of the Grace of God. This is allowed but he never used this. In Philippians 4 verse 16 and 17 we read the following verses:For even in Thessalonica ye sent once and again unto my necessity.  Not because I desire a gift: but I desire fruit that may abound to your account.

I Thessalonians 2 verse 10

Ye are witnesses, and God also, 

how holily and justly and unblamebly we

behaved ourselves among you that believe

Verse 10: The saints of Thessalonica were witnesses from the fact how Paul behaved himself among them. Also God was Witness from Paul. In his epistles mentioned the apostle Paul very often God as Witness. Paul must himself defend a lot of times before men and God is his Witness. Oftentimes men didn't believe the Gospel of the Grace of God so Paul defended this Good News and God was his Witness. God was always with Paul. Not only in theory we have to follow Paul as he followed the Lord Jesus Christ. Also the practice is very important. The behavior of the apostle Paul and Silas and Timotheus among them was very good. The Gospel of the Grace of God came pure and the daily walk of Paul was holy among them. No evil could be spoken about it. For us this is a real example to follow. Paul was just, umblamebly in his behavior.  

I Thessalonians 2 vers 11

As ye know how we exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you, as a father doth his children,

Vers 11: Paul was as a father for his children. Just like a normal father his children exhort and comfort so didthe apostle Paul to the saints at Thessalonica. He was their spiritual father. They were his spiritual children. He exhorted and comforted and charged everyone of them through the Word of His Grace Acts 20:32, Romans 61:25-26. In this epistle the apostle Paul explained the Thessalonian saints about their heavenly hope, the Rapture of the Body of Christ I Thessalonians 4:13-18. He admonished by the Word of God that they could better walk in Christ. And we  as believers can also be exhorted and comforted by the Gospel of the Grace of God. This is our daily spiritual food my dear brothers and sisters!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 12

That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.

Verse 12: That ye would walk worthy of God. With a lot of conviction the apostle Paul said this to the saints at Thessalonica. That they should walk according the Gospel of the Grace of God. In Colossians 1 verse 10 the apostle Paul wrote to the saints at Colosse almost the same verse: That ye might walk worthy of the Lord unto all pleasing, being fruitful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge of God;

God had called them unto His Kingdom and glory. Which Kingdom the apostle Paul is talking about here? Is this the Kingdom on earth? No this is not the Kingdom he is talking about. He talked here about the Heavenly Kingdom. They were citizens of heaven now and there is Gods Kingdom and glory! We too my dear brothers and sisters belong to this same Kingdom and glory.  Colossians 1:13 tells us: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. 

We too like the saints at Thessalonica have this heavenly hope and we are citizen of heaven. We have not a earthly hope but a heavenly hope. We live under that same Dispensation of Grace and this endures now for almost 2000 years. What a great God we have! All praise is to Him!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 13

 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.

Verse 13: The saints at Thessalonica received the Word of God which Paul preached to them not as a human word or human words but really as God's Word. Romans 10:17 tells us: So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God.  And in Acts 17 verse 4 we read: And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few. We have read in I Thessalonians 1:5 the following word: For our Gospel came not unto you in Word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Ghost , and in much assurance; as ye know what manner of men we were among you for your sake" The Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24, Romans 16: 25-26 has a lot of power when the apostle Paul preached it. And it has still power today because we live nearly 2000 years later but under the same Dispensation with the same Gospel of Grace. People in Thessalonica were convinced and nowadays it is the same that people like them become convinced. It is pure God's Word and not a word of men. Titus 2 verse 12 tells us: Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world.  The living Word of God and this is God's Gospel of Grace is powerful and this is the truth. God works only under this Dispensation of His Grace through His Word. We as members of the Body of Christ became wise through His Word through reading, studying it and overthink it. We read in I Corinthians 1 verse 20 and 21: Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.

I Thessalonians 2 verse 14

For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews:

Verse 14:  The saints at Thessalonica were not only followers of the Gospel of the Grace of God which is the truth Colossians 1:5 and 6, Acts 20:24, they suffered also a lot for the Lord Jesus Christ just like the members of the local church in Judaea. The believers of Judaea suffered and were persecuted a lot because of unbelieving Jews and the saints to which the apostle Paul wrote here in Thessalonica had a lot to suffer from their own countrymen, unbelievers who were against Christ, against the cross. In Acts 17 verse 5, 6 and 7 we read: But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people. And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain bethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, these that have the world upside down are come hither also. Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is  another king, one Jesus"  They pulled Jason and other brothers out of their houses and this was with a lot of violence. Really angry people became mad and nowadays we have the same my brothers and sisters in this world. In spite of this the believers in Thessalonica keep believing in our Lord Jesus Christ and they suffered for Him. In Philippians 1 verse 29 we read: For unto you it is given in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on Him, but also to suffer of His sake" We too are suffering my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. Most is spiritual suffering and not physical suffering here in Western Europe where I live  but there are places in the world where people who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ are spiritual and physically persecuted like Paul and that is very hard for them. When we know such persons we have to pray for them every day my brothers and sisters!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 15

Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:

Verse 15: Of whom here in this verse the apostle is talking about? Answer: the Jews. They did it all and were the strongest enemies of God in the time Paul lived on earth. They persecuted Paul and his brethren/co workers. They killed the Lord Jesus on that cross with the Romans (Gentiles). The Jews refused God in totality. First they refused God as King that He would reign over them. We can read this in 1 Samuel 8 verse 7

Second they killed the Lord Jesus Christ in  Acts 3:15 

Third they sinned against the Holy Spirit, the undopardonable sin Acts 7:51-52

The unbelieving Jews were against God and His Son, they didn't please God and were contrary all men. Romans 11:25 says this: For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.

Today the majority in this world is not believing in Christ as Savior. If you are not saved yet you can be saved my dear friend. Believe you are a sinner Romans 5:12 from nature. Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ Who died on the cross of Calvary for your sins. Believe that He rose also from the dead for your righteousness. I Corinthians 15:3-4, Romans 10:9-10, Romans 4:25. And you are saved and saved by Him for all eternity. It is a matter of death or life. Now is the time to accept Him as your personal Savior!  Now is the day of salvation. Tomorrow can be to late. Do it now before it is to late my dear friend/reader!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 16

Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.

Verse 16: The Jews in Thessalonica forbid Paul, Silvanus and Timotheus to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved. Paul and his co workers proclaimed the Gospel of the Grace of God to the Gentiles and through this Gospel a person can be saved and also nowadays because we live still under the Dispensation of Gods Grace Ephesians 3:1-3 and now is the day of salvation II Corinthians 6 verse 1-2. Nowadays we have countries in the world which governments forbid also people to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. If they believe the ones who believe in Him are persecuted and a lot are locked up like Paul in prisons or in concentration camps. This is very sad. Let us who have the freedom to evangelize my dear brothers and sisters use the time very well in the Lord and pray for our dear brothers and sisters who don't have this freedom. The Jews in that time hinder to speak this wonderful news to the Gentiles. They were full of envy, took people with them like criminals and set all the city of Thessalonica on an uproar Acts 17:5.  Paul and Silas had to fled for it, there was to much danger for their lives.  We read in Acts 17 verse 10 the following verse: And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went to the synagogue of the Jews. 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 17

But we, brethren, being taken from you for a short time in presence, not in heart, endeavoured the more abundantly to see your face with great desire.

Verse 17: As we have read and seen in Acts 17 verse 10 is that Paul and Silas had to fled for their lives from Thessalonica. At first the apostle Paul didn't want to leave Thessalonica but it was very dangerous for him and Silas so that they went to Berea. From Berea Paul went to Athens and from Athens he came in Corinth. Probably he wrote this epistle to his brothers and sisters at Thessalonica from Corinth.  For a short time he was away from them so he could not see them and teach them but in his heart he was with them.  He desired to be with them and see their faces. This says a lot about his love for them, his (agape) for them because they had suffered so much because of the riot. They were a model ecclesia or church. May we have this same attitude of love my dear brothers and sisters in Christ!

I Thessalonians 2 verse 18

Wherefore we would have come unto you, even I Paul, once and again; but Satan hindered us. 

Verse 18: Paul with Silas and Timotheus would have come to the saints at Thessalonica. To meet them again. Not only one time but more times but there was resistance from satan. Satan hates the Gospel of the Grace of God because of this he is defeated. He does everything to hinder the truth Colossians 1;5-6 so that other believers would not see the truth by tempting them to false teachings. This is how he works. In my life as believer who stand for the Gospel of the Grace of God  I have a lot of experience with this my brothers and sisters.  He tries everytime to hinder the Work of the Lord in which I may walk in daily life.  Ephesians 1:10. 

In 2 Timothy 2 verse 25 and 26 we readIn meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;And that they may recover themselves out of the snare of the devil, who are taken captive by him at his will.  So I pray for all those who doesn't see the truth that they will become open for it, even for you my brothers and sisters if you don't see it at this moment  that your eyes will be opened for the truth! 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 19

For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence

of our Lord Jesus Christ at His coming

Verse 19: For Paul, Silas and Timotheus the saints at Thessalonica were their hope, joy and crown of rejoicing. Paul was very glad with them. The saints at Thessalonica were really examples. In verse 6  and 7 of the first chapter we read: And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the Word in much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost. So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia. That was for Paul and Silas and Timothy the reason to  rejoice in and to have joy over them and they were their hope. Paul would see them but the satan hindered him many times to visit them again. In spite of persecutions and sufferings they became faithful brothers and sisters in the Lord Jesus Christ. The apostle Paul could count on them. The hope, joy and crown of rejoycing was in them and in the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ and at His coming.  At the rapture he Paul would see the saints at Thessalonica forever!!! 

I Thessalonians 2 verse 20

For ye are our glory and joy

Verse 20: The saints at Thessalonica again were Paul's, Silas, Timotheus glory and joy. He wrote this again the apostle Paul. Why you should ask. This is another confirmation that Paul rejoiced of the fact that the brothers and sisters at Thessalonica were really examples other believers. He could depend on them because they remain faithful. 

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I Thessalonians 3

Introduction Chapter 3

This chapter is a follow up of the verses 71 till 20 of the last chapter. As we have seen in Chapter 2 the apostle Paul wanted to visit the saints at Thessalonica again. He made several attempts but satan hindered so that he couldn't visit them. He Paul had a lot of love agape for them and wanted to know from them personally how it went. In spite of all the sufferings and persecutions they had if they would still stand for the Gospel of the Grace of God. From verse 1 till verse 10 we read about the fact that Paul himself is in Athens and he had send Timotheus to these saints in Thessalonica to establish and to comfort the people concerning the faith in Christ Jesus. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 1

Wherefore when we could no longer forbear, we thought

it good to be left at Athens alone. 

Verse 1: This verse corresponds with Acts 17: 14-16 where we read the following versesAnd then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea: but Silas and Timotheus abode there still.  And they that conducted Paul brought him unto Athens: and receiving a commandment unto Silas and Timotheus for to come to him with all speed, they departed.  Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry. What happened in Athens we can read in Acts 17: 15-34. I advice you as reader to read all those verses now. It was good that Paul was alone in Athens and there he waited for Silas an Timotheus. Timotheus he had send to Thessalonica to comfort and establish the saints there. Paul saw the city of Athens and he dealt with people on the market. He saw that the inhabitans of Athens were religious and he began to tell them about God who they didn't know and about God's Grace and about the cross and the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ. When they heard this some mocked and others sait we will hear thee again of this matter. The intellectuals had to much human knowledge and were to proud to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. It is the same today my dear brothers and sisters. Still today for a intellect man or woman it is very difficult to believe in Christ for salvation. Read also I Corinthians 1:18 and verses 22-29!

I Thessalonians 3 verse 2

And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith

Verse 2: The situation or circumstances in the ecclesia at Thessalonica were complete different than the situation in Athens where Paul was a couple of days. The saints at Thessalonca believed in the Lord Jesus Christ and took the words from the apostle and his co workers as Gods Word. They immediately were persecuted and they suffered a lot from the Jews who were full of anger against them and brought the city in uproar. Paul send Timotheus again to the saints to comfort and establish them in the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ. Timotheus had not an easy task but he was capable in the Lord Jesus Christ to do this. He was not a child anymore but a adult and a good soldier of Jesus Christ. He could build people up with the Word of Gods Grace. Later Timotheus became the leader of the church at  Ephesus.  Philippians 2:19-20. He could only the saints at Thessalonica to comfort and to establish with the Gospel of the Grace of God Acts 20:24, 32, Romans 16:25-26. Probably a lot of people there at the church were not establish in the faith of Christ and now Timotheus had this task to do this because they had suffered a lot and you can imagine that you begin to lose the mood to continue with the Gospel of the Grace of God. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 3

That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves

know that we are appointed thereunto

Verse 3: The purpose that Timotheus was send to the saints at Thessalonica was to admonish them and to stablish them after all the afflictions, persecutions they had. Timotheus his task was this and also to comfort them in the Word of God. The saints at Thessalonica were young in their faith in Christ and some of them were moved by the afflictions they went through. The apostle Paul reminds them that they should know that we as believers are appointed thereunto. Sufferings and persecutions are normal in your life as believer in Christ when you stand for the truth. Later the apostle told Timotheus in 2 Timothy 2 verse 3: Thou therefore endure hardness, as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. In Colossians 1 verse 24 we read: Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in Godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.  Brothers and sisters, the apostle Paul suffered a lot and had a lot of persectutions, afflictions in his life as servant for Christ but through this all he became stronger in Christ. He didn't give up the faith and didn't give up the mood to continue in the faith. Let us do the same my brothers and sisters! 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 4

For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should

suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.

Verse 4: He, Paul and Silas and Timotheus had told the saints at Thessalonica that it was not only to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ but also to suffer tribulation before it came. It came over them. In Romans 8 verse 34-37 we readthe followingWho shall separate us from the love of Christ? shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?  As it is written, For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us. So in tribulations we too have never to be afraid because in Christ we are more than conquerors. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 5

For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith,

lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.

Verse 5: Because of the afflictions Paul had send Timotheus to know their faith, to comfort them, to build them again and to see if by some means the tempter have tempted them. The tempter is the devil and he does everything to discourage people. This is his work my dear brothers and sisters. He hates the truth because he is already defeated by the cross so his work is to keep people away from God's Word. So Timotheus was send to encourage the saints at Thessalonica for this reason. They could fall from the faith through all the afflictions and tribulations that they loose the mood to continue and that the labour was in vain. Everything he had told them about the mystery and that they stood for the Gospel for the Grace of God. But if they through the circumstances left the Gospel of the Grace of God then the labour was in vain which Paul laboured under them. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 6

But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also to see you:

  Verse 6: From Timotheus Paul received good news, good tidings or their faith. In spite of the afflictions they had to endure their faith remain strong in the Lord Jesus Christ. For sure Timotheus had people there in Thessalonica encouraged and build up with Gods Word of Grace Acts 20:32. In the meanwhile Paul was in Corinth from there he wrote this epistle to the saints at Thessalonica. He was first without Timotheus and Silas and in Acts 18 verse 4 we read that Paul handled with them every Sabbath in the synagogue and tried both Jews and Greeks to believe in Christ. When Silas and Timotheus rejoined him Paul testified all the more the Jews that Jesus is the Christ. They, the Jews withstood him or hindered him to speak longer in the synagogue. But good news came from the brothers and sisters in Thessalonica. What a modelchurch they were! For us brothers and sisters we can learn a lot from this. They stood strong in spite of all the difficulties they had to endure. Let us do the same as they did!!!

I Thessalonians 3 verse 7

Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you in all

our affliction and distress by your faith

Verse 7: What a beautiful words the apostle Paul says. For sure we are comforted by God through His Word personally. The brothers and sisters  in Thessalonica are a example for us to follow. In spite of all the afllictions they still believed in the Grace of God and were comforted by Timotheus who Paul had send to them and he came back to Paul and brought good tidings from them to him and this comforted Paul. In spite of all the afflictions and distress they all Paul, Silas and Timothy were comforted and it personally gave the apostle Paul the courage to continue to preach the Gospel of the Grace of God to everyone who wanted to hear and believe. It comforted in spite of all the opposition of the Jews. That's how it should be in our lives my dear brothers and sisters. We have our position in Him and are comforted by the words of Romans 8 verses 31-39. Read those verses my dear brothers and sisters. And in Philippians 4 verse 1 we read: Therefore, my brethren (also sisters) dearly beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord , my dearly beloved.  And in Ephesians 6 verse 13 God's Word says this: Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.  This is what our dear saints at Thessalonica did. They understood God's Word of Grace, the truth Colossians 1:5-6 otherwise they couldn't stand and this also applies to you and me my dear brothers and sisters in our Lord Jesus Christ. We need to know first what is our position in Christ, we need to know how our adversary works and how we have to walk otherwise it will be very difficult to stand. So I suggest you all my brothers and sisters to study the epistles of the apostle Paul Romans-Philemon, to learn the Mystery program of God whereby you will be strengthened and comforted!! Through all our weakeness He is always with us remember that. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 8

For now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord

Verse 8:  What does this mean for now we live? The answer is that the apostle Paul, Silas and Timotheus were happy and have become more mood, courage in the Lord Jesus Christ because they stood fast in the Lord. They stood for the Gospel of the Grace of God Romans 16:25-26 which builded them up every day and this Gospel of Gods Grace build us also up my dear brothers and  sisters in Christ! Personally I am also glad and have more courage in the Lord if more people in the world stand for the truth Colossians 1:5-6

I Thessalonians 3 verse 9

For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all

the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God;

Verse 9: The apostle Paul was so encouraged by the fact that the saints at Thessalonica stayed in Christ in spite of all the afllictions. They still stood for the truth, the Gospel of the Grace of God. They were not afraid to suffer for Christ. They knew that they had to suffer for Christ. This gave the apostle Paul the courage to continue with the Gospel of the Grace of God to proclaim and to live the life God asked him to live. The saints at Thessalonica were a example in that time for other believers but also for us now my dear brothers and sisters in Christ! The apostle Paul thanked God for them again and for all the joy and joy before God and he is asking them what kind of thanks he can do more.

 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 10

Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?

Verse 10: Paul had a very big desire to see them again and to make known more from the Word of God's Grace to them and they may be also adults in the practical life in Christ. He was praying for this moment and this let you see that he had a very big love agape for them in Christ. He prayed earnestly about this and this was day and night. Very special. You have to ask yourselves had the apostle some rest for himself in the 24 hours of a day? Probably it had to be. Man has also to sleep at night. Maybe he prayed one time per day and one time in the night for them we don't know exactly. What was lacking in their faith. The theme was that they were confused about their future, the Rapture and about their loved ones who died in Christ that they probably might not see them anymore in a next life. Also we read about walk in Christ (no envy, thank God in everything and more things what we can read in Chapter 5)This they had to learn in daily life and we too my brothers and sisters have to learn from those words and make it our own. Paul wanted to build them up so that in practical life they all were adults like him. This is also our desire my dear brothers and sisters to be in daily life a adult in Christ. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 11

Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.

Verse 11: What does this mean: God Himself and our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ direct our way unto you? This means at first that God was with Paul and that it is His Work. He gives also the increase!  I Corinthians 3 verse 7 tells us this: So then neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase. It is all under His sovereignity. He direct our way unto you. It is He who works in the lives of Paul, Silas and Timotheus towards them, the saints at Thessalonica. And so can God also work in us my dear brothers and sisters toward each other and to others with the wonderful message of the Grace of God like Paul did. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 12

 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward

another, and toward all men, even as we do toward you:

Verse 12: Through all the sufferings they had endured,  Paul had full confidence that the Lord made them to grow and abound in love toward each other and toward all men. There was a lot of resistance but the apostle Paul prayed to God in this prayer and he had full confidence that it would be okay provided provided they were guided by the power of His resurrection! And so my brothers they were examples for us and we can do the same through our Lord Jesus Christ if we let the Spirit of God lead us through His Word. 

I Thessalonians 3 verse 13

To the end He may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God,

even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.

Verse 13: The end of the prayer from Paul is that God may stablish their hearts and not only their hearts: our hearts too my dear brothers and sisters unblameable in holiness  before God. That He may stablish their hearts and our hearts too, to the end and that is the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all His saints. This is the Rapture my dear brothers and sisters: the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all His saints! Philippians 1 verse 6:  Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:

It let you see as believers in Christ that He works in us if we want to let Him work in us through His Word of Grace which is able to build us up and stablish us Acts 20:32. 

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I Thessalonians 4 verse 1

Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort you by the Lord

Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God,

so ye would abound more and more

Verse 1: The believers, saints at Thessalonica were not long before to become to believe in the Lord Jesus Christ. They had say farewell tot the stupid idols and had begun to serve the Living God. He, Paul had told them how to walk and to please God by the Scriptures. In Philippians 1 verse 27 we see a similar verseOnly let your conversation be as it becometh the Gospel of Christ: that whether I come and see you, or else be absent, I may hear of your affairs , that ye stand fast in oune spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the Gospel.  The believers at Thessalonica were set apart in Christ and we too my brothers and sisters. Through this position we can walk different and not walk like we did before we didn't believe in Christ. Abound more and more. This means not a little bit but to a large extent. This was Paul's beseeching for them but it is also for us my brothers and sisters because we live now in Christ . They all, the saints at Thessalonica are sleeping in Christ. We can learn through the epistles of the apostle Paul Romans-Philemon how to walk in Christ my dear brothers and sisters. So I suggest you to study these epistles and make it your own so that it will be a part of you personally! That this will rule your hearts. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 2

For ye know what commandments we gave you by the Lord Jesus

Verse 2: The apostle Paul, Silas and Timotheus had given commandments from the the Lord Jesus Christ to the saints at Thessalonica when they were with them. Paul and his co workers had explained all those commandments for the daily life. Because of sin some of the saints had served sin namely if you read on fornication. They had to lead themselves through Gods Spirit and we too my brothers and sisters. This is a warning for better so that we all will not fall in sin to serve sin instead to serve our Lord Jesus Christ.

I Thessalonians 4 verse 3
 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:

Verse 3: In this verse we learn the will of God: our sanctification. What is sanctification? We are apart in Christ but in the practice sometimes it is far from sanctification so the apostle here asked the saints at Thessalonica and also us personally to abstain from fornication.In I Corinthians 6 verse 18 we read: Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.  In the time when the apostle Paul lived there was a lot of fornication in the world. Today there is much more and it comes through many ways to us and most via media. But we are sanctified, we are washed! I Corinthians 3 verse 16 and 17 tells us: Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? If any man defile the temple fo God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are"

I Thessalonians 4 verse 4

That everyone of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour

Verse 4: We are now in Christ and have to serve God and have to know how to possess our vessel. This is our body holy and a honour to God and the world. In 2 Timothy 2 verses 19-21 we readNevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work. Probably there were a lot of people in the Body of Christ and still now who are not a vessel in sanctification and honour for God. They serve not the Lord Jesus Christ but their own flesh. In Corinth there were a lot of people who believed in Christ but they fornicate and this was a shame. Read for yourselves I Corinthians 5 verse 1-8. Let us as brothers and sisters flee from this like Joseph also did and be a vessel and honour to God. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 5

Not in the lust of concupiscence even as the

Gentiles which know not God

Verse 5: Not in the lust of strong sexual desire. This is what it means. For the unbeliever this is normal because he can only sin and he does not know what is sin but we who are sanctified let us not do this. It is a warning from the Word of God. Let us serve the Lord and abstain from lusts and fornication and have not a desire and pleasure in it my brothers and sisters. The Gentiles are blind but we see my brothers and sisters and we are in the light of God!! Let us read Ephesians 4 verse 17 and 18: This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk  in the vanity of their mind. Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 6

That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter:

because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have

forwarned you and testified. 

Verse 6: As believers in Christ we have to be honest to each other as brothers and sisters in Him. That that applies to any circumstance we live in. Not as Jacob who defraud his uncle Laban and vice versa. Maybe in the past we lied to somebody many times but this feels not good. We are now new man in Christ. Let us do different and let us be led by God's Spirit through His Word of Grace Acts 20:24, 32, Romans 16:25-26, Colossians 1:5-6 which is the truth.We know God is the Avenger of all this because He brings it to the Light II Corinthians 1 verse 18 and 19: But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. For the Son of God, Jesus Christ who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but inHim was yea.  Let us walk like Paul walked in his life for the Lord.

 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 7

For God hath not called us unto uncleanness, but unto holiness

Verse 7: Brothers and sisters: God had delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of His dear Son. And He called us here in this verse to do not unclean things but walk according the position we have in Christ. We are new men in Christ. We have not to serve sin anymore, we have not to serve our flesh and the uncleanness but we are called here unto holiness. Let us choose for holiness my dear brothers and sisters. The unbelievers cannot  serve God, they serve sin and their flesh. We are different in Christ that's why God calls us here. I Corinthians 6 verse 18-20 we read:Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body. What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's. And in Romans 6 verse 12 and 13 we read: Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. Neither yield ye your members as instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness unto God.

I Thessalonians 4 verse 8

He therefore that despiseth, despiseth not man, but God,

who hath also given unto us his holy Spirit.

Verse 8: For the one of us who despiseth. What does that mean? Rejecting is the meaning. So if we reject these Words of God reject not man but God. God Who called us into His holiness. God is not pleased with us my dear brothers and sisters if we serve our own lusts and not Him through our Lord Jesus Christ. On us there is the choice but to serve our lusts is to grieve the Holy Spirit wherewith we are sealed to the day of adoption Ephesians 1:13-14, Ephesains 4 verse 30. Again God calls us to abstain from our old man and to put on the new man. Ephesians 4 verse 22-24: That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; And be renewed in the spirit of your mind. and that ye put on the nwe man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. This we have to do to walk in His Grace and finished work Ephesians 2 verse 10. And with the help of God we can every day to put off the old man, the former conversation. It is upon us if we want this?  Only God can work in us if we give our own will up and give it to the hands of Him. Read for yourselves my brothers and sisters Ephesians 4 verse 31 -Ephesians 5 1-6 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 9

But as touching brotherly love ye need not that I write unto you:

 for ye yourselves are taught of God to love one another

Verse 9: The apostle Paul says here that there was no need to write them how they had to love each other. This is the agape what the apostle Paul is talking about here! This they had learned from God. How? From His Word the Scriptures had told them this and they had accepted this and put these words in the daily life. In I Thessalonian 1 verse 7: we read the following verse again: So that ye were ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia. And this is exactly what we have to follow my dear brothers and sisters this agape not only to each other but towards any man in this world. Ephesians 5 verse 2: And walk in love, as Christ hath loved us, and hath given Himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour"

 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 10

And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia:

but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more

Verse 10: The desire of the apostle Paul was that they would increase more and more in the love of God toward other people also outside Macedonia. We know from ourselves my brothers and sisters in our nature we love only the people who are are our friends or do friendly to us but let us be lead through His Spirit and then we can love (agape) every person also he or she is not friendly to us.  Remember this is not human love but the love of God. The agape. Let us be lead by the epistles of the apostle Paul because they are personally written to us under the Dispensation of Grace Ephesians 3:1-3 and is our daily spiritual food!! It has to do with patience, the patience of our God who can work in us. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 11

And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you;

Verse 11: In the verse before the apostle Paul admonishes the saints at Thessalonica to love more people than they did. Here in this verse we read that people have to work with their own hands. It was a command from the apostle Paul and he had told them before. Probably Timothy came with the news from them that some of them didn't want to work with their own hands. Today it is the same: we have to work with our own hands that we take care of our own families. In Ephesians 4 verse 28 we read the following verse:Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Work prevents boredom in our lives. It is good to work. God said to man after the first sin of man that he would work by the sweat of his brow. And this still applies today. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 12

That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may have lack of nothing.

Verse 12: To walk honest toward them at are without. The people who are without Christ, the unbelievers. That they cannot blame us because they are good in blaming persons who are in Christ. The devil is behind this my dear brothers and sisters. As long as we can work and here in the Netherlands it is till 67,5 we have to work and will not be a beggar because then we are a bad example and it is difficult to buy things. With work we have lack of nothing my dear brothers and sisters. The conclusion is work with your own hands so that nobody could blame you. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 13 -18

 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which

are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.

Introduction: From this verse till the end of this chapter is it about the Rapture, the gathering to our Lord Jesus Christ as members of the Body of Christ, the Church. The most important things we see in these verses are:

- The Word from the Lord

- The Lord Jesus Christ will come on a moment to us in clouds to take away us ambassadors, the Body of Christ

- He will come with the shout of a archangel with the trump

- The ones who died in Christ and asleep will first be resurrected and after this us who are living on earth

 

Differences between the Rapture of the Church, the Body of Christ and the Second coming of Christ on earth

With the Rapture of the Church the Lord Jesus Christ will be in the clouds, He will not set His feet on earth. 

With the Second coming of Christ on earth His feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives Zacharia 14 verse 4

With the Rapture of secret coming of Christ for His church will we as believers get a new body I Corinthians 15: 51-54, Romans 8: 18-23, Philippians 3: 20-21

With the Second coming on earth  people will stay in their natural body wherewith they are born with  Revelation 5: 10, Acts 15:16

With the Rapture of the Church or the Body of Christ the Lord Jesus Christ comes only for the Church which is His Body. 

With the second coming on earth our Lord Jesus Christ comes for his folk Israel Romans 11 verse 26-27

The Rapture of the Body of Christ, the Church can happen any moment. No signs we have before this.

Before the Second coming of our Lord Jesus Christ on earth a lot of signs will be seen and He will come as a thief in the night. 

With the Rapture of the Church only believers in the Body of Christ will see Christ our Lord. 

With the second coming of Christ on earth everyone shall see Him Revelations 1:7

             

 I Thessalonians 4 verse 13

 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which

are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.

Verse 13: The saints at Thessalonica were a little bit confused and that's why the apostle Paul tells them and us that we have not to be ignorant. They worried about their loved ones who were asleep. The ignorance of them made them sad about it and this was not necessary because the apostle Paul brings here good tidings from our Lord.  He said don't sorrow about your loved one as others, unbelievers who have no hope!  Of course we miss our loved ones when they died and when we are left behind by them. Of course we cry for them but from this Word of God we have not to sorrow the rest of our lives here in earth because we have the hope in Christ. In 2 Corinthians 5 verse 6-8: Therefore we are always confident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, we are absent from the Lord: For we walk by faith , not by sight; We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent form the body, and to be present with the Lord.  This was the desire of our apostle Paul and this has also to be our desire. But to be on earth is now is important to proclaim the Gospel of the Grace of God. Acts 20:24. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 14

For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again,

even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him.

Verse 14: We believe in the finished Work of God through our Lord Jesus Christ. I Corinthians 15 verse 3 and 4: For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures; And that he was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to teh Scriptures. This is what we believe my dear brothers and siters just like the saints at Thessalonica where the apostle wrote this epistles to. The ones who died in Christ will God bring with Him. We have not to be worried about this. In Romans 8 verse 38-39 we read: For I am pursuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor powers, nor things present, not things to come, Nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.  The ones who died already sleep in Christ Jesus and are in heaven without a body and with the Rapture of the Church God will give them a body first and after that we who are living. What a wonderful God we have!!! He, Christ is our Hope and this is a assurance for us in all the uncertainties of this life here on earth. May we have our daily trust in Him! 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 15

 For this we say unto you by the Word of the Lord, that we which are alive

and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.

Verse 15: This we say by the Word of the Lord. This proofs my dear brothers and sisters that the words who are written here is the Word of God and not of men. Paul if this Word of God write down and they are written here down. If the Rapture comes and he comes very soon we who are still living here on earth shall not caught up in the skies before the ones who are asleep in our Lord Jesus Christ. The ones, our loved ones,  who went before us my brothers and sisters. They will first be resurrected with a new body. I Corinthians 15 verse 51 we read: Behold I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed. Brothers and sisters: we do not know how long this Dispensation of Grace will endure Ephesians 3:1-3 but that we are near the Rapture which will make a end of this Dispensation I am convinced about it. What we see around is this that we live in the last days of this Dispensation and we read in II Timothy 3 verses 1-4 the following verses:  This know also, that in the last days perilous times shall come.  For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,  Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,  Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;  Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. What I notice is this that a lot of people in general have no interest in Gods Word this day. 

What is the cause of this? Well there are a lot of causes but the first is lovers of themselves!  People are self centered in general and other causes could be the variety of translations of the Bible which our adversary uses to get people away from Gods Word. Also media plays a very big role in this whole thing. 

But anyway we read in I Thessalonians 1:10: And to wait for His Son from heaven, Whom He raised from the dead, even Jesus, Which delivered us from the wrath to come. Let us believe this my brothers and sisters and not to be afraid about things around us which happen in this world now. 

I Thessalonians 4 verse 16

For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of

the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

Verse 16: The Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout. This will appear suddenly, on one moment, in the twinkling of a eye I Corinthians 15:51-54. Second with the voice of the archangel, third: with the trump of God and fourth and the dead in Christ shall rise first!  3 sounds will be at the Rapture what we read here. 

First: The Lord Himself shall descend form heaven with a shout. This shall be very powerful. Probably this is to wake up the dead/ the ones who sleep in Christ. Read John 5 verse 28-29. This will be also when the Lord comes on earth. Read about Lazarus in John 11:43. 

Second: With the voice of a archangel. Presumably with the voice of Michael. satan and his hosts are in the first and second heaven Ephesians 6 verse 12. The way to the third heaven where God is has to go to the first and second heaven and to pass this. With the Rapture we will be protected by angels of God to the third heaven. 

Third: The Lord will with the trump of God descend from heaven. I Corinthians 15 verse 52: In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead  shall be raised incorruptible and we shall be changed. The last trumpet! This is not the same as we see in Revelation 1:10 or Exodus 19:19 or Matthew 24 verse 31. 

First the ones who sleep in Christ shall be resurrected. Till the time of the Rapture we are ambassadors for Him on earth my dear brothers and sisters and we can tell people about the Gospel of Gods Grace and His love for the world in Christ. Acts 20:24, Ephesians 3 verse 9

I Thessalonians 4 verse 17

Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

Verse 17: We then which are alive and remain. The apostle Paul thought that the Rapture of the Church would be in his time when he was on earth. He didn't know that it would endure now for 2000 years. Thank God that He is so patient with this world that He everyday offers His Grace to every one in this world. Indeed the ones who are alive at the moment the Lord returned for us will be caught up together with them,  who slept in the Lord Jesus Christ and are first resurrected, in the clouds. To meet Him, the Lord Jesus Christ in the air. Thank God for this is our hope my dear brothers and sisters! We have to look to this moment!!! What a great moment this will be!!! Read again Philippians 3 verse 20 and 21.  We all shall be changed wheter we be alive or asleep in our Lord Jesus Christ, this is a fact. What a wonderful God we have!!! Thank Him for this!!!

I Thessalonians 4 verse 18

Wherefore comfort one another with these words

Verse 18: This are really words of comfort and we can comfort each other with these words. We have not to be afraid, not afraid about our loved ones who died before us in Christ because whether we asleep in Christ or alive here on earth we are from Him and our hope is fixed in Him. 

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I Thessalonians 5 

Introduction
Before we start this chapter we have first the introduction

The Theme is the Day of the Lord

Verse 1-3: The believers at Thessalonica knew exactly the Day of the Lord

Verse 4-5:  Our position we have in our Lord Jesus Christ and we are sons and daughters in the Light and that this may be in our thoughts and walk

Verse 6-8:  About our walk in Christ

Verse 9-10: Our future. We are  not made to wrath

Verse 11   : To comfort each other with these words

Verse 12-22:Admonishing and daily walk

I Thessalonians 5 verse 1

But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.

Verse 1: This is another Chapter than we see Chapter 4 before this. But means that the words of I Thessalonians 4 verse 13-18 is separate from the words here in I Thessalonians 5 verse 1-3. In I Thessalonians 4 verses 13-18 it has to do with the Body of Christ and here in these verses it is speaking of the Kingdom of Christ.  What we see here times and seasons and about the Day of the Lord and that He will come as a thief in the night.  There was no need that the apostle Paul had to write on the times and seasons. They knew it very well. The differences between the Rapture and the Day of the Lord. 

The problem was that they were not concerned with the AntiChrist and the Great Tribulation and their loved ones who had died in Christ.  Would their loved ones who died in Christ now miss the Rapture of the Church?  The answer we have seen in Chapter for that those loved ones shall rise first.

I Thessalonians 5 verse 2

For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.

Verse 2: The apostle Paul then puts it again that the Day of the Lord comes as a thief in the night. Suddenly the Lord Jesus Christ shall return on earth. We can read this in Matthew 24: 42-43 and in 2 Peter 3:10. Before the Day of the Lord we have the 7 years of Tribulation on this earth. The first 3,5 years a period that it look like peace and after that the war on this earth also 3,5 years. We can read this in Matthew 24 verse 21 and 22: For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened. 

I Thessalonians 5 verse 3

For hwn they shall say, Peace and safety, then sudden destruction cometh

upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape

Verse 3: When the war is coming over this world after the time of peace no person shall escape this. This will be the 3, 5 years after the time of sonamed peace and safety on earth the first 3,5 years in the Tribulation period. We brothers and sisters our Lord shall delivers us from the wrath to come. Before the Tribulation period we as Body of Christ, the Church is caught up in heaven and with Christ.  I Thessalonians 1:10. This is our hope my dear brothers and sisters!!!

I Thessalonians 5 verse 4

But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.

Verse 4: We are not in darkness! That is a fact my dear brothers and sisters. That day, the day of the Lord will not overtake us as a thief. In Colossians 1 verse 12 and 13 we read: Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of His dear Son: 

We my dear brothers and sisters are delivered from the darkenss and we are now in the Light, the Light of God through our Lord Jesus Christ.  And He shall deliver us from the wrath to come. That's why this day shall not overtake us as a thief. 

I Thessalonians 5 verse 5
 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness.

Verse 5: We are the children of the Light. In English child. In Greek huios what meand adopted as sons and daughters! Ephesians 1:5 (read this for yourselves). We are adopted. This is a grown up position. We are placed int he Light of God and we are of the day and not of the night, nor of darkness. The night and darkness is for the unbeliever to live in. They sleep and their lives is in darkness and without God . We can thank God  everyday that we are not in darkness anymore but in His light through Jesus Christ our Lord.  In Colossians 1 verse 13 we read: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son. 

   I Thessalonians 5 verse 6

Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.

Verse 6: Because we are sons and daughters of the Light and we are of the day let us not sleep like other people who does not believe but let us awake and be sober. Romans 13: 13 and 14 describes this:  Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, nt in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. This is what we have to do: to put on the Lord Jesus Christ and don't fulfil the lusts of the flesh. To let us been led by the Spirit of God what goes together with His Word. We are a new man in Christ, yes we are!! So let us walk according the new man!!! Ephesians 5 verse 15 and 16 tells us this: See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise. Redeeming the time, because the days are evil. This will say to spend much time on the Word of God and that is redeeming the time and let you been led by His Word in daily life. 

I Thessalonians 5 verse 7

For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken

are drunken in the night

Verse 7: Here in the Netherlands we have a saying that the night is for the scrum and this is true because the people who do not believe in God sleep in the night, in the darkness and are drunken in the darkness. They are still in their sins. But we can read Ephesians 5 verse 14 which says to us the following: Wherefore He saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light" So be awake and not like the unbelievers who walk only in the flesh, my brothers and sisters,  who sleep and are drunken in the night. They are lost people. But we not. We are in Christ and if we are led by Him through His Word we are not sleeping.  We can choose and have not to fulfil the lusts of our flesh. 

I Thessalonians 5 verse 8

But let us, who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of

faith and love; and for an helmet the hope of salvation. 

Verse 8: For us as believers in Christ there is no night, there is no darkness!!! We are of the day and let us be sober. What does that mean? This means  we have it mentally and emotionally under control and we are not led by our lusts of the flesh. This has to do with grow, we have to grow in the Word of God. We serve righteousness. Sober is the opposite of drunkeness.  Putting on the breastplate of faith and love we go to Ephesians 6 verse 11-18. Read this!  The hope and salvation is in our Lord Jesus Christ and there lies also our future. Christ is our Saviour and Hope forever!!! Thank God for this!!